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Exports 2020 (1k mt)

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Coal Exports by Country 2024

Coal provides a valuable source of energy for many countries. When those nations cannot meet their energy needs with domestic coal, they import it from another place, likely one of the top coal exporters in the world.

Coal Applications

Coal comes from carbon deposits, typically found underground. The carbon in coal makes it a useful component in multiple industrial applications, especially energy production and manufacturing.

The multiple applications of coal make it a popular commodity for trade. To produce energy, a coal-burning plant will burn one of three types of coal to create steam to produce power. These three types of energy coal include lignite, bituminous, and subbituminous.

Outside of power production, coal can contribute to making steel, cement, tar, carbon fiber, medicines, and many other products.

Top Coal Exporters in 2023

The most recent data on coal exports comes from 2021. In that year, the top exporter of coal was Indonesia, which sent out 478 million short tons. A short ton consists of 2,000 pounds. Australia ranked second with coal exports of 403 million short tons.

Indonesian Coal Export Concerns in 2022

While Indonesia topped the coal exports in 2021, the country announced at the beginning of 2022 the suspension of its foreign exports of coal for the duration of January. The majority (60%) of Indonesia's power comes from burning coal, and at the start of 2022, the nation's power company did not have enough reserves available to ensure power for everyone in the country. Authorities cite local coal miners failing to sell to local energy producers during the previous year as a source for the supply deficit. Most of Indonesia's exported coal in 2021 went to Japan, China, South Korea, and India.

By the end of 2022, however, the nation made up for the brief stoppage of exporting coal and sent out 494 million metric tons of coal. It has a goal of exporting more than half a billion metric tons of coal in 2023. A metric ton weighs slightly more than a short ton, 2,204 pounds in a metric ton.

Exporters of the Least Amounts of Coal in 2023

While 120 countries don't export any coal, among those that do, the one at the bottom of the list in 2021 was Sweden. This country only exported 10 short tons of coal. Austria was the second lowest exporter of coal. That nation delivered 20 short tons of coal to other countries.

  • All values are displayed in thousands of metric tons (1000mt).
  • For example, the United States' displayed 2020 exports of 63276 equals 63,276,000 metric tons of coal.

Download Table Data

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Country
Exports 2020 (1k mt)
Production 2020 (1k mt)
Consumption 2020 (1k mt)
Imports 2020 (1k mt)
Proven Reserves 2019 (1k mt)
Indonesia409,892563,728132,5488,95039,891,000
Australia390,808504,05199,048583149,079,000
Russia224,324447,332266,03824,027162,166,000
South Africa74,965248,388170,3082,0549,893,000
Colombia69,86151,3958,547794,554,000
United States63,276495,130441,9684,808228,662,000
Canada32,02648,32825,6427,5776,582,000
Mongolia28,55143,9048,81812,520,000
Netherlands20,1641,8798,24121,552497,000
Poland11,063108,152110,67413,28126,932,000
Mozambique8,3557,25046481,792,000
Philippines7,55413,75232,85528,358361,000
China6,6524,314,6814,506,387307,047141,595,000
Japan3,20129,840210,882174,486350,000
Kazakhstan3,002102,33874,81999325,605,000
Germany2,317114,860145,37931,50335,900,000
Spain2,0835464,9184,8571,187,000
Czech Republic1,88533,80637,2123,7952,927,000
Belarus1,5746212,117
United Kingdom1,3092,8929,4015,53726,000
India1,029743,214883,979219,212105,931,000
Kyrgyzstan9842,2871,717481971,000
Vietnam90247,78980,56855,0003,360,000
Venezuela685396331731,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina5256,9667,7521,3662,264,000
Belgium5041,1054,1673,467
Botswana4971,8761,4161,660,000
Italy3681,4569,3358,23517,000
Zimbabwe3273,8883,579502,000
Peru252696396262102,000
Laos23516,04015,82318503,000
Hungary2306,9568,0791,3952,909,000
Denmark1941,2491,122
Eswatini163108169135144,000
Chile13454210,57310,6071,181,000
Ireland13235140814,000
Tanzania126712577269,000
Taiwan1185,95567,98563,5231,000
Finland1017623,5522,661
Montenegro961,4561,3511142,000
Egypt852622,3102,13416,000
Iran762,7832,794871,203,000
Lithuania75221268
Serbia7239,67340,8309877,514,000
Thailand6313,25135,76123,8991,063,000
Ukraine6123,90841,18117,33334,375,000
Turkey5478,871108,27140,91911,525,000
Norway46691,1301,1722,000
Zambia391,1161,1769945,000
France352,31210,7127,891
Bulgaria3522,29823,2136752,366,000
Sweden241,0703,3282,1441,000
Malaysia172,97735,26837,295226,000
Brazil1613,99331,84119,2176,596,000
South Korea1616,364140,579123,784326,000
Greece713,85113,8283052,876,000
Argentina48291,550990500,000
Mexico39,88610,2415,1821,211,000
Slovenia33,1753,502335371,000
Latvia33940
Romania215,00216,4121,384291,000
United Arab Emirates22,5632,565
Croatia2643644
Pakistan14,85521,01217,2393,064,000
Myanmar11,4681,9815146,000
Uzbekistan13,9805,6682,9951,375,000
Portugal195723836,000
Austria11,3274,8993,667
Singapore1423424
Slovakia12,1485,3713,111135,000
Georgia199362277201,000
North Macedonia15,0265,211174332,000
Bangladesh1,0169,3458,329293,000
Ethiopia689528
DR Congo101088,000
Kenya821822
Algeria858559,000
Afghanistan2,0962,09666,000
Morocco9,3219,32114,000
Saudi Arabia7373
Yemen2222
Ghana4848
Nepal288398111,000
Madagascar107115
North Korea16,3766,69822600,000
Syria3838
Sri Lanka2,2372,586
Malawi48472,000
Ecuador101024,000
Guatemala2,2802,376
Senegal894894
Cambodia2,9743,311
Benin7878
Bolivia1,000
Tunisia55
Dominican Republic1,7912,359
Jordan219219
Cuba44
Honduras2525
Azerbaijan1919
Tajikistan2,1032,16057375,000
Israel5,0895,565
Togo4646
Switzerland150139
Hong Kong5,4855,485
El Salvador11
Central African Republic3,000
Lebanon268268
Oman115115
Panama1,1181,150
Kuwait6868
Moldova133133
Puerto Rico1,3611,502
Albania9119110522,000
Jamaica6182
Armenia1212163,000
Namibia3859
Trinidad and Tobago11
Estonia33
Mauritius6611,189
Bhutan17421137
Luxembourg6574
Iceland142136
Greenland183,000
showing: 124 rows

Which country exports the most coal?

Australia exports more coal than any other country in the world.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources