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Countries by Coastline 2024

Coastline is defined as the boundary where land meets the water and is often known as shoreline or seashore. It is created by waves crashing onto the shore, eroding the land. Coastlines hold great economic, military and cultural importance to a country.

The following is a list of the top ten countries with the longest coastlines in the world.

Country
Coastline
Canada202,080
Norway83,281
Indonesia54,716
Greenland44,087
Russia37,653
Philippines36,289
Japan29,751
Australia25,760
United States19,924
New Zealand15,134

10) China - 14,500 Km/9,009 Miles

China has coastline on the Yellow Sea, South China Sea, and East China Sea. The coast runs north and south, from the Bo Hai Gulf in the north to the Gulf of Tonkin in the south. The northern part of the coast is mostly lowlands, however there are some hill and mountainous areas. In the south, the coastline contains rocky areas, hills, mountains and river deltas.

9) New Zealand - 15,134 Km/9,404 Miles

New Zealand has over 15,000 km of coastline bordering the Pacific Ocean and the Tasmanian Sea. The coastline varies widely from steep cliffs, headlands and fjords. There are also reserves established on and around the coastal areas to protect the diverse range of flora and fauna that call New Zealand home.

8) United States - 19,924 Km/12,380 Miles

The United States of America is comprised of 50 states and several territories. The country has coasts on the Atlantic Ocean in the east and the Pacific Ocean in the west. It also shares coastline with the Arctic Ocean north of Alaska and the Gulf of Mexico in the south. 23 states have their own coastline for a total of about 19,924 Km of coastline.

7) Australia - 25,760 Km/16,007 Miles

Australia is surrounded completely by water and has a total of 25,760 km of coastline. The Australian coastline is varied and features a wide range of land formations including caves, coves, over 10,000 beaches. The world’s largest coral reef system, The Great Barrier Reef, is located off the eastern coast of Australia.

6) Japan - 29,751 Km/18,486 Miles

Japan is a technologically advanced island nation off the eastern coast of Asia and lies between the Sea of Japan, the Sea of Okhotsk and the East China Sea. Japan consists of over 6000 islands, however, most of them are uninhabited. Many of Japan’s major population centers are located along the coastline as well as some of the largest international ports. Much of Japan’s population is supported by fishing, whaling and aquaculture and is based on Japan’s coastline.

5) Philippines - 36,289 Km/22,549 Miles

The Philippines is an island nation located off the coast of Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. The coast of the islands contain countless gulfs, bays and islets. About 60% of the population of the Philippines is located along the coastline, as are most of its larger cities and population centers. A larger percentage of the population depends on fishing activities for their livelihood and about 60% of the fish caught are caught along the coast.

4) Russia - 37,653 Km/ 23,396 Miles

Russia is a large country in northern Eurasia and has a large coastline over 37,000 km long. Russia’s coastline borders the Arctic Ocean in the North, the Atlantic ocean in the west and the Pacific in the east. In the south, Russia has coastline on the Baltic, Caspian and Black Seas. A number of Russia’s population centers and major cities are located along the shores of the country including St. Petersburg, Yalta and Vladivostok.

3) Norway - 58,133 Km/36,122 Miles

Norway is located in the western part of Scandinavia and has over 58,000 km of coastline. The majority of the coastline borders the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea. Norway’s coastline is notable for its rugged, irregular shape. One of the most famous features of Norway’s coastline is the numerous fjords. A large population of Norway is located along the coastline, including the capital city of Oslo.

2) Indonesia - 99,083 Km/61,567 Miles

While Indonesia may not be large in terms of landmass, the large number of islands that make up the country qualify it to rank second on the list of largest coastlines. At over 99,000 km long, Indonesia’s coastline features a wide variety of landscapes, both natural and man-made. Some of the country's most popular destinations are located on the coastlines of the islands of Java and Sumatra.

1) Canada - 202,080 Km/125,567 Miles

Canada is the second largest country in the world in terms of total area and has the longest coastline of any country in the world. At over 202,000 Km long, Canada’s coastline borders the Pacific Ocean in the west, the Arctic Ocean in the north and the Atlantic Ocean in the east. With the exception of tropical and subtropical ecosystems like mangrove swamps and coral reefs, Canada features most coastline types that are present elsewhere in the world.

  • The Caspian Sea, Dead Sea, and the Sea of Galilee are landlocked and do not grant ocean access, so their shores are not considered coastlines. As such, the coastlines of Russia, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Palestine, and Turkmenistan may all be lower than expected at first glance.
  • Because coastlines follow winding paths rather than straight lines, coastline lengths vary significantly depending upon the unit of measurement employed. For example, measuring in 10-mile increments results in a much different and more accurate coastline length than measuring in 100-mile increments (this is often referred to as the coastline paradox).
  • Values shown below were compiled by the US CIA and may have utilized different units of measurement for different countries.

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Country
Coastline (km)
Canada202,080
Norway83,281
Indonesia54,716
Greenland44,087
Russia37,653
Philippines36,289
Japan29,751
Australia25,760
United States19,924
New Zealand15,134
China14,500
Greece13,676
United Kingdom12,429
Mexico9,330
Italy7,600
Brazil7,491
Denmark7,314
Turkey7,200
India7,000
Chile6,435
Micronesia6,112
Croatia5,835
Solomon Islands5,313
Papua New Guinea5,152
Argentina4,989
Iceland4,970
Spain4,964
France4,853
Madagascar4,828
Malaysia4,675
Estonia3,794
Cuba3,735
Bahamas3,542
Vietnam3,444
Somalia3,333
Thailand3,219
Sweden3,218
Colombia3,208
Morocco2,945
Venezuela2,800
South Africa2,798
Ukraine2,782
Saudi Arabia2,640
Vanuatu2,528
French Polynesia2,525
North Korea2,495
Panama2,490
Mozambique2,470
Egypt2,450
Iran2,440
Peru2,414
South Korea2,413
Germany2,389
New Caledonia2,254
Ecuador2,237
Eritrea2,234
Oman2,092
Myanmar1,930
Yemen1,906
Portugal1,793
Haiti1,771
Libya1,770
Angola1,600
Namibia1,572
Taiwan1,566
Palau1,519
Northern Mariana Islands1,482
Ireland1,448
Tanzania1,424
Sri Lanka1,340
United Arab Emirates1,318
Costa Rica1,290
Dominican Republic1,288
Falkland Islands1,288
Finland1,250
Tunisia1,148
Kiribati1,143
Fiji1,129
Faroe Islands1,117
Pakistan1,046
Jamaica1,022
Algeria998
Cape Verde965
Nicaragua910
Gabon885
Nigeria853
Sudan853
Honduras832
Mauritania754
Hong Kong733
Timor Leste706
Uruguay660
Cyprus648
Maldives644
Bangladesh580
Liberia579
Qatar563
Ghana539
Kenya536
Senegal531
Ivory Coast515
Puerto Rico501
Kuwait499
Latvia498
Seychelles491
Guyana459
Netherlands451
Cambodia443
Poland440
Tonga419
Samoa403
Cameroon402
Sierra Leone402
Guatemala400
Turks and Caicos Islands389
Suriname386
Belize386
Marshall Islands370
Albania362
Trinidad and Tobago362
Bulgaria354
Guinea Bissau350
Comoros340
Guinea320
Djibouti314
Georgia310
El Salvador307
Equatorial Guinea296
Montenegro294
Israel273
Malta253
Romania225
Lebanon225
Syria193
Singapore193
United States Virgin Islands188
Mauritius177
Republic of the Congo169
Bahrain161
Brunei161
Isle of Man160
Cayman Islands160
Saint Lucia158
Antigua and Barbuda153
Dominica148
Saint Kitts and Nevis135
Wallis and Futuna129
Guam126
Benin121
Grenada121
Cook Islands120
Saint Pierre and Miquelon120
American Samoa116
Bermuda103
Tokelau101
Barbados97
Lithuania90
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines84
Gambia80
British Virgin Islands80
Jersey70
Aruba69
Belgium67
Niue64
Anguilla61
Saint Martin59
Iraq58
Togo56
Guernsey50
Slovenia47
Macau41
Palestine40
Montserrat40
Nauru30
Jordan26
Tuvalu24
Bosnia and Herzegovina20
Gibraltar12
Monaco4
showing: 179 rows

Which country has the most coastline?

With 125,567 miles of coastline, Canada is the country with the most coastline in the world.

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