Depression Rates By Country 2020

Depression, also known as major depressive disorder, is a mental health disorder that negatively affects how a person feels, the way a person thinks, and how a person acts. Depression is common and fortunately treatable.

Depression symptoms can range from mild to severe, including:

  • A depressed mood or feeling of sadness
  • Los of interest in activities once enjoyed
  • Changes in appetite – weight loss or gain
  • Trouble sleeping or sleeping too much
  • Loss of energy or increased fatigue
  • Increase in purposeless tasks or physical activities such as pacing
  • Slowed movements and speech
  • Feeling guilty or worthless
  • Difficulty thinking or concentrating
  • Suicidal thoughts

For depression to be diagnosed, symptoms must last at least two weeks. Some medical conditions, such as thyroid problems or vitamin deficiencies, can mimic symptoms of depression and need to be ruled out.

Depression affects about 1 in 15 adults in any given year and 1 in 6 people will experience depression at some time in their life. Risk factors for depression include:

  • Biochemistry: differences in chemicals in the brain
  • Genetics: depression can be hereditary
  • Personality: those who are generally pessimistic or have low self-esteem are more likely to experience depression
  • Environment: those who are exposed to violence, abuse (physical, verbal, emotional, etc.), neglect, or poverty are more likely to experience depression

Depression is one of the most treatable mental illnesses and those who have been diagnosed have multiple options depending on their diagnosis.

  • Anti-depressants may be prescribed to help modify one’s brain chemistry.
  • Psychotherapy and/or cognitive behavioral therapy are often used to help the individual work through depression and are often combined with anti-depressants for those who have moderate to severe depression.
  • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a medical treatment most commonly used for patients diagnosed with severe depression who have not responded to other treatments. It involves a brief electrical stimulation of the brain while the patient is under anesthesia.

An Our World In Data study estimates that about 3.4% (with a margin of error this ranges anywhere from 2-6%) of the global population has depression. This is about 264 million people worldwide. This map shows the approximate number of people in each country that suffer from depression.

According to the World Health Organization, the ten countries with the highest rates of depression are:

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Brazil
  5. Bangladesh
  6. Russia
  7. Indonesia
  8. Nigeria
  9. Pakistan
  10. Iran

The ten countries with the lowest rates of depression are:

  1. Solomon Islands
  2. Papua New Guinea
  3. Timor – Leste
  4. Vanuatu
  5. Micronesia
  6. The Republic of Kiribati
  7. The Kingdom of Tongo
  8. Samoa
  9. Las People’s Democratic Republic
  10. Nepal

A nation’s culture can have a significant impact on the mental health of its population and the availability of mental health treatment services. In Japan for example, while depression rates are low, suicide rates are high for children and teens ages 10-19. This is most likely due to the culture of pressure to do well in school, conform to group norms, and the idea that suicide in an honorable way to die.

The countries with the lowest rates of depression have just recently added mental health screening and treatment services to their health care infrastructure, which, in part, could explain the reason for the low depression rates. Certain depression symptoms are more common in some societies than others as well.

While depression rates are rising around the world, treatment is becoming more available and accessible. Additionally, the rising rates are also attributed to more people seeking and receiving a diagnosis and treatment for mental illness, rather than going undiagnosed.

Depression Rates By Country 2020

Country Population 2020
China1,439,323,776
India1,380,004,385
United States331,002,651
Indonesia273,523,615
Pakistan220,892,340
Brazil212,559,417
Nigeria206,139,589
Bangladesh164,689,383
Russia145,934,462
Mexico128,932,753
Japan126,476,461
Ethiopia114,963,588
Philippines109,581,078
Egypt102,334,404
Vietnam97,338,579
Dr Congo89,561,403
Turkey84,339,067
Iran83,992,949
Germany83,783,942
Thailand69,799,978
United Kingdom67,886,011
France65,273,511
Italy60,461,826
Tanzania59,734,218
South Africa59,308,690
Myanmar54,409,800
Kenya53,771,296
South Korea51,269,185
Colombia50,882,891
Spain46,754,778
Uganda45,741,007
Argentina45,195,774
Algeria43,851,044
Sudan43,849,260
Ukraine43,733,762
Iraq40,222,493
Afghanistan38,928,346
Poland37,846,611
Canada37,742,154
Morocco36,910,560
Saudi Arabia34,813,871
Uzbekistan33,469,203
Peru32,971,854
Angola32,866,272
Malaysia32,365,999
Mozambique31,255,435
Ghana31,072,940
Yemen29,825,964
Nepal29,136,808
Venezuela28,435,940
Madagascar27,691,018
Cameroon26,545,863
Ivory Coast26,378,274
North Korea25,778,816
Australia25,499,884
Niger24,206,644
Taiwan23,816,775
Sri Lanka21,413,249
Burkina Faso20,903,273
Mali20,250,833
Romania19,237,691
Malawi19,129,952
Chile19,116,201
Kazakhstan18,776,707
Zambia18,383,955
Guatemala17,915,568
Ecuador17,643,054
Syria17,500,658
Netherlands17,134,872
Senegal16,743,927
Cambodia16,718,965
Chad16,425,864
Somalia15,893,222
Zimbabwe14,862,924
Guinea13,132,795
Rwanda12,952,218
Benin12,123,200
Burundi11,890,784
Tunisia11,818,619
Bolivia11,673,021
Belgium11,589,623
Haiti11,402,528
Cuba11,326,616
South Sudan11,193,725
Dominican Republic10,847,910
Czech Republic10,708,981
Greece10,423,054
Jordan10,203,134
Portugal10,196,709
Azerbaijan10,139,177
Sweden10,099,265
Honduras9,904,607
United Arab Emirates9,890,402
Hungary9,660,351
Tajikistan9,537,645
Belarus9,449,323
Austria9,006,398
Papua New Guinea8,947,024
Serbia8,737,371
Israel8,655,535
Switzerland8,654,622
Togo8,278,724
Sierra Leone7,976,983
Hong Kong7,496,981
Laos7,275,560
Paraguay7,132,538
Bulgaria6,948,445
Libya6,871,292
Lebanon6,825,445
Nicaragua6,624,554
Kyrgyzstan6,524,195
El Salvador6,486,205
Turkmenistan6,031,200
Singapore5,850,342
Denmark5,792,202
Finland5,540,720
Republic Of The Congo5,518,087
Slovakia5,459,642
Norway5,421,241
Oman5,106,626
Palestine5,101,414
Costa Rica5,094,118
Liberia5,057,681
Ireland4,937,786
Central African Republic4,829,767
New Zealand4,822,233
Mauritania4,649,658
Panama4,314,767
Kuwait4,270,571
Croatia4,105,267
Moldova4,033,963
Georgia3,989,167
Eritrea3,546,421
Uruguay3,473,730
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,280,819
Mongolia3,278,290
Armenia2,963,243
Jamaica2,961,167
Qatar2,881,053
Albania2,877,797
Puerto Rico2,860,853
Lithuania2,722,289
Namibia2,540,905
Gambia2,416,668
Botswana2,351,627
Gabon2,225,734
Lesotho2,142,249
Macedonia2,083,374
Slovenia2,078,938
Guinea Bissau1,968,001
Latvia1,886,198
Bahrain1,701,575
Equatorial Guinea1,402,985
Trinidad And Tobago1,399,488
Estonia1,326,535
Timor Leste1,318,445
Mauritius1,271,768
Cyprus1,207,359
Swaziland1,160,164
Djibouti988,000
Fiji896,445
Reunion895,312
Comoros869,601
Guyana786,552
Bhutan771,608
Solomon Islands686,884
Macau649,335
Montenegro628,066
Luxembourg625,978
Western Sahara597,339
Suriname586,632
Cape Verde555,987
Maldives540,544
Malta441,543
Brunei437,479
Guadeloupe400,124
Belize397,628
Bahamas393,244
Martinique375,265
Iceland341,243
Vanuatu307,145
French Guiana298,682
Barbados287,375
New Caledonia285,498
French Polynesia280,908
Mayotte272,815
Sao Tome And Principe219,159
Samoa198,414
Saint Lucia183,627
Guam168,775
Curacao164,093
Kiribati119,449
Micronesia115,023
Grenada112,523
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,940
Aruba106,766
Tonga105,695
United States Virgin Islands104,425
Seychelles98,347
Antigua And Barbuda97,929
Isle Of Man85,033
Andorra77,265
Dominica71,986
Cayman Islands65,722
Bermuda62,278
Marshall Islands59,190
Northern Mariana Islands57,559
Greenland56,770
American Samoa55,191
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,199
Faroe Islands48,863
Sint Maarten42,876
Monaco39,242
Turks And Caicos Islands38,717
Saint Martin38,666
Liechtenstein38,128
San Marino33,931
Gibraltar33,691
British Virgin Islands30,231
Palau18,094
Cook Islands17,564
Anguilla15,003
Tuvalu11,792
Wallis And Futuna11,239
Nauru10,824
Saint Barthelemy9,877
Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,794
Montserrat4,992
Falkland Islands3,480
Niue1,626
Tokelau1,357
Vatican City801