Electricity Consumption By Country 2021

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Electric energy consumption is the actual energy demand made on the existing electricity supply.

According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), global electricity consumption is continuing to rise and at a pace faster than global population growth. This indicates an increase in the average amount of electricity consumed per person (per capita electricity consumption). Almost all of the increase in consumption is attributed to growing electricity consumption in developing countries outside of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

Growth in global electricity consumption is related to economic growth. Increases in the per capita electricity consumption reflect changes in the composition of the economy, such as growing demand for appliances, lighting, and air conditioning; shifts to more energy-intensive industries, and changes in the industrial processes for producing goods.

On a per capita level, electricity consumption is most prevalent in one’s home. The water heater, washer and dryer, lighting, and refrigerator are the largest electricity consumers in the home.

Electricity Consumption by Country

In 2000, the global electricity net consumption ass 13,277 billion kilowatt-hours (kWh), a number that increased to 22,347 billion kWh in 2017.

Below are the ten countries with the highest electricity consumption. Numbers are provided by the EIA based on 2017 data and are expressed in kilowatt-hours (kWh).

  1. China - 5.934 trillion
  2. United States - 3.888 trillion
  3. India - 1.176 trillion
  4. Japan - 946.16 billion
  5. Russia - 918.58 billion
  6. Germany - 538.83 billion
  7. Brazil - 516.22 billion
  8. South Korea.- 511.76 billion
  9. Canada - 509.26 billion
  10. France - 455.40 billion

1. China

China is the world’s largest consumer of electricity, using over 5.934 trillion kWh of energy annually. China accounts for almost one-quarter of global energy consumption. The country is known for running mainly on coal but has also shifted to natural gas and renewable energy sources in recent years.

2. United States

The U.S. consumes about 3.888 trillion kWh of electricity annually, making it the second-largest consumer. Although the United States’ electricity consumption is expected to continue rapidly growing, annual residential electricity sales and residential electricity sales per capita have both declined between 2010 and 2017. This is attributed to weather changes, energy efficiency improvements, and economic factors.

3. India

India consumes about 1.176 trillion kWh of electricity annually. India is the third-largest consumer of electricity, which comes at no surprise given that the country is the third-most populated in the world. The country’s electricity consumption is expected to increase to 4 trillion by 2030.

4. Japan

Japan’s electricity consumption is the fourth-highest in the world at 946.16 billion kWh. Japan is also the third-largest oil consumer and the fourth-largest coal consumer in the world. After the country’s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in 2011, there has been a significant increase in electricity consumption and generation.

5. Russia

Russia consumes about 918.58 billion kWh of electricity per year. Russia is one of the world’s largest consumers and producers of coal, as well as has some of the largest natural gas reserves in the world. Fossil fuels currently dominate Russia’s energy industry but the country is working to add in more renewable energy sources.

Electricity Consumption By Country 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population
China1,444,216,107
India1,393,409,038
United States332,915,073
Indonesia276,361,783
Pakistan225,199,937
Brazil213,993,437
Nigeria211,400,708
Bangladesh166,303,498
Russia145,912,025
Mexico130,262,216
Japan126,050,804
Ethiopia117,876,227
Philippines111,046,913
Egypt104,258,327
Vietnam98,168,833
Dr Congo92,377,993
Turkey85,042,738
Iran85,028,759
Germany83,900,473
Thailand69,950,850
United Kingdom68,207,116
France65,426,179
Tanzania61,498,437
Italy60,367,477
South Africa60,041,994
Kenya54,985,698
Myanmar54,806,012
South Korea51,305,186
Colombia51,265,844
Uganda47,123,531
Spain46,745,216
Argentina45,605,826
Sudan44,909,353
Algeria44,616,624
Ukraine43,466,819
Iraq41,179,350
Afghanistan39,835,428
Canada38,067,903
Poland37,797,005
Morocco37,344,795
Saudi Arabia35,340,683
Uzbekistan33,935,763
Angola33,933,610
Peru33,359,418
Malaysia32,776,194
Mozambique32,163,047
Ghana31,732,129
Yemen30,490,640
Nepal29,674,920
Venezuela28,704,954
Madagascar28,427,328
Cameroon27,224,265
Ivory Coast27,053,629
North Korea25,887,041
Australia25,788,215
Niger25,130,817
Taiwan23,855,010
Sri Lanka21,497,310
Burkina Faso21,497,096
Mali20,855,735
Malawi19,647,684
Chile19,212,361
Romania19,127,774
Kazakhstan18,994,962
Zambia18,920,651
Syria18,275,702
Guatemala18,249,860
Ecuador17,888,475
Senegal17,196,301
Netherlands17,173,099
Cambodia16,946,438
Chad16,914,985
Somalia16,359,504
Zimbabwe15,092,171
Guinea13,497,244
Rwanda13,276,513
Benin12,451,040
Burundi12,255,433
Tunisia11,935,766
Bolivia11,832,940
Belgium11,632,326
Haiti11,541,685
South Sudan11,381,378
Cuba11,317,505
Dominican Republic10,953,703
Czech Republic10,724,555
Greece10,370,744
Jordan10,269,021
Azerbaijan10,223,342
Portugal10,167,925
Sweden10,160,169
Honduras10,062,991
United Arab Emirates9,991,089
Tajikistan9,749,627
Hungary9,634,164
Belarus9,442,862
Papua New Guinea9,119,010
Austria9,043,070
Israel8,789,774
Switzerland8,715,494
Serbia8,697,550
Togo8,478,250
Sierra Leone8,141,343
Hong Kong7,552,810
Laos7,379,358
Paraguay7,219,638
Libya6,958,532
Bulgaria6,896,663
Lebanon6,769,146
Nicaragua6,702,385
Kyrgyzstan6,628,356
El Salvador6,518,499
Turkmenistan6,117,924
Singapore5,896,686
Denmark5,813,298
Republic Of The Congo5,657,013
Finland5,548,360
Norway5,465,630
Slovakia5,460,721
Oman5,223,375
Palestine5,222,748
Liberia5,180,203
Costa Rica5,139,052
Ireland4,982,907
Central African Republic4,919,981
New Zealand4,860,643
Mauritania4,775,119
Panama4,381,579
Kuwait4,328,550
Croatia4,081,651
Moldova4,024,019
Georgia3,979,765
Eritrea3,601,467
Uruguay3,485,151
Mongolia3,329,289
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,466
Jamaica2,973,463
Armenia2,968,127
Qatar2,930,528
Albania2,872,933
Puerto Rico2,828,255
Lithuania2,689,862
Namibia2,587,344
Gambia2,486,945
Botswana2,397,241
Gabon2,278,825
Lesotho2,159,079
North Macedonia2,082,658
Slovenia2,078,724
Guinea Bissau2,015,494
Latvia1,866,942
Bahrain1,748,296
Equatorial Guinea1,449,896
Trinidad And Tobago1,403,375
Timor Leste1,343,873
Estonia1,325,185
Mauritius1,273,433
Cyprus1,215,584
Eswatini1,172,362
Djibouti1,002,187
Fiji902,906
Reunion901,686
Comoros888,451
Guyana790,326
Bhutan779,898
Solomon Islands703,996
Macau658,394
Luxembourg634,814
Montenegro628,053
Western Sahara611,875
Suriname591,800
Cape Verde561,898
Maldives543,617
Malta442,784
Brunei441,532
Belize404,914
Guadeloupe400,020
Bahamas396,913
Martinique374,745
Iceland343,353
Vanuatu314,464
French Guiana306,448
New Caledonia288,218
Barbados287,711
French Polynesia282,530
Mayotte279,515
Sao Tome And Principe223,368
Samoa200,149
Saint Lucia184,400
Guam170,179
Curacao164,798
Kiribati121,392
Micronesia116,254
Grenada113,021
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines111,263
Aruba107,204
Tonga106,760
United States Virgin Islands104,226
Seychelles98,908
Antigua And Barbuda98,731
Isle Of Man85,410
Andorra77,355
Dominica72,167
Cayman Islands66,497
Bermuda62,090
Marshall Islands59,610
Northern Mariana Islands57,917
Greenland56,877
American Samoa55,100
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,544
Faroe Islands49,049
Sint Maarten43,412
Monaco39,511
Saint Martin39,234
Turks And Caicos Islands39,231
Liechtenstein38,250
San Marino34,017
Gibraltar33,698
British Virgin Islands30,421
Palau18,169
Cook Islands17,565
Anguilla15,117
Tuvalu11,931
Wallis And Futuna11,094
Nauru10,876
Saint Barthelemy9,907
Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,766
Montserrat4,977
Falkland Islands3,533
Niue1,619
Tokelau1,373
Vatican City800

Electricity Consumption By Country 2021