Oldest Countries 2021

map placeholder

With 195 countries in the world, it's hard to imagine that many didn't exist once upon a time. As explorers discovered new land, more countries were established, leading to the nearly 200 we have today.

Some of the world's nations have stood the test of time; though factors such as boundaries, political structures, and capital cities have changed, these nations have survived throughout the years, making them the world's oldest countries.

Egypt is considered one of the oldest countries in the world and was first settled around 6000 BC. The first dynasty was believed to be founded around 3100 BC. Another one of the world's oldest country is China. Historians say tworld's first evidence of civilization in this nation was from over 4,000 years ago. The first recorded dynasty – the Shang dynasty – was also established in this nation and reigned over the nation from 17th Century BC to 11th Century BC.

Greece is also another nation that has a long history. Advanced civilizations inhabited the region approximately 4,000 years ago. Athens, Greece, was also the first place to adopt the democratic system. India is another old nation, with the first civilization living in the area approximately 10,000 years ago. India is also the nation behind some of the world's oldest religions, including Buddhism and Hinduism.

Some of the world's other oldest countries include:

Several of the world's oldest cities have been continuously inhabited for thousands of years. Damascus, Syria, is believed to be as old as 10,000 B.C. Other cities include Jericho, West Bank (9000 B.C.); Plovdiv, Bulgaria (7000 B.C.); and Susa, Iran (7000 B.C.).

Oldest Countries 2021

Country Age Rank Sovereignty Acquired 2021 Population
Iran13200 BC85,028,759
Egypt23100 BC104,258,327
Vietnam32879 BC98,168,833
Armenia42492 BC2,968,127
North Korea52333 BC25,887,041
India62000 BC1,393,409,038
Georgia71300 BC3,979,765
Israel81300 BC8,789,774
Sudan91070 BC44,909,353
Afghanistan10678 BC39,835,428
Mongolia11209 BC3,329,289
Somalia12200 BC16,359,504
Ethiopia13200 BC117,876,227
San Marino1430134,017

Oldest Countries 2021