Cancer Rates by Country 2022

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Cancer is a disease in which cells begin to grow abnormally in a particular tissue or organ, which can eventually disrupt the body's ability to function properly. Cancer has more than 100 different variations and can occur in nearly any type of cell, including the skin, tissues, organs, and blood. Many cancers can also spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body. Cancer risk is influenced by several factors, such as nutrition, environment, physical activity, and genetics. Males are roughly 20% more likely than females to contract cancer and have higher cancer rates than women in almost every type of cancer. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the world, behind only cardiovascular disease. It is estimated that every sixth death in the world is due to cancer.

Cancer tends to be more prevalent in high-income countries due to lifestyle factors such as smoking, obesity, and alcohol intake. Fortunately, these also tend to be countries with sound health care systems, which can better detect and treat cancer than the health-care systems in low-income countries. Moreover, advancements in medical knowledge and technology continue to improve each country's cancer survival rate. Although a decreasing percentage of cancer patients succumb to the disease, the total number of deaths from cancer continues to rise. This is often attributed to the fact that the world's ever-growing population includes more senior citizens, whose cancer risk is highest, than ever before. Cancer rates are typically expressed as a crude rate or as an age-standardized rate, which adjusts for the fact that some countries' populations are younger overall than others.

Top 10 Countries with the Highest Cancer Rates (2020 Age-Standardized Rates per 100k, WHO)

  1. Australia — 452.4
  2. New Zealand — 422.9
  3. Ireland — 372.8
  4. United States — 362.2
  5. Denmark — 351.1
  6. Netherlands — 349.6
  7. Belgium — 349.2
  8. Canada — 348.0
  9. France — 341.9
  10. Hungary — 338.2

Australia has the world's highest age-standardized cancer rate at 452.4 cases per 100,000 people. Australia has some of the highest rates of breast cancer and melanoma in the world. New Zealand (745.2) and Ireland (645.1) rank second and third. On the other end of the chart, Niger has the lowest ASR cancer rate in the world at just 40.4 cases per 100,000 people, with the Gambia (42.8) and Nepal (70.4) close behind. However, it is also important to remember that these numbers estimate cancers that have been detected, not total cases in existence. It is likely that case tallies in underdeveloped countries such as Niger, Gambia, and Nepal are suppressed by the fact that many people lack access to adequate health care, thus their cancers are going undiagnosed.

Top 10 Countries with the Lowest Cancer Rates (2020 Age-Standardized Rates per 100k, WHO)

  1. Niger — 78.4
  2. Gambia — 79.5
  3. Nepal — 80.9
  4. Bhutan — 81.9
  5. Congo (Rep. of) — 84.4
  6. Timor-Leste — 89.7
  7. Tajikistan — 89.7
  8. Djibouti — 91.0
  9. South Sudan — 94.7
  10. Sudan — 95.7

Cancer Rates by Country 2022

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Cancer Rates by Country 2022

* Estimated number of new cases in 2020, all cancers, both sexes, all ages. Crude and age-standardized (ASR) rates are expressed per 100,000 residents.
Country ASR Crude Rate Total Cases Male ASR Male Crude Rate Males Female ASR Female Crude Rate Females
Australia452.40784.40200,021500.40858.50109,018408.60710.9091,003
New Zealand422.90745.2035,934461.70804.7019,073388.20687.6016,861
Ireland372.80645.1031,855414.1071217,453336.60579.2014,402
United States362.20689.302,281,658400.90748.901,226,541333.206311,055,117
Denmark351.10740.5042,891366.20777.3022,380341.30704.2020,511
Netherlands349.60770.40132,014375.50842.6071,934330.20698.8060,080
Belgium349.20718.5083,267376.90773.8044,45233166438,815
Canada348726.90274,364373.70774.10145,006327.60680.50129,358
France341.90716.90467,965397.20823.60260,169297.80616.90207,796
Hungary338.20692.3066,874393.30733.1033,711305.20655.1033,163
Norway327.50643.8034,902353.30688.4018,862307.40598.2016,040
United Kingdom319.90674.60457,960344.70734.20246,259301616.40211,701
Switzerland317.60698.9060,483346.70748.3032,129294.20650.2028,354
New Caledonia313.70411.601,175353.30443.20636281.20379.60539
Germany313.20750.20628,519350831.70344,451286.30670.50284,068
Slovenia309682.1014,180365.60773.808,011262.90591.106,069
Latvia301.5065612,373377.80716.906,232264.40603.906,141
Serbia299.20561.3049,043326596.5025,528281.30527.5023,515
Slovakia296.80555.3030,316363.40617.3016,411250.10496.4013,905
Lithuania293.40627.2017,073364.60686.708,652253575.908,421
Italy292.60686.80415,269317.50743.80218,945274.80632.80196,324
Cyprus292.60434.105,241341.30691.9036,481257.30561.4030,522
Luxembourg291.90534.503,346319.70570.501,806273.20497.801,540
Montenegro290.205073,184328.705491,705262.50465.801,479
Sweden288.60618.8062,494308665.9033,689273571.5028,805
Japan285.10813.301,028,658328.10970.40599,243253.80663.50429,415
Estonia278.50594.607,888355.306604,148236.10535.803,740
Spain277.20604282,421331.80712.50163,730233.70499.20118,691
Finland271.20643.2035,638291686.2018,749260601.4016,889
Uruguay269.30453.6015,757325.60495.608,318229.80414.307,439
Poland267.30540.50204,575299.90560.40102,768249.60521.90101,807
Iceland265.10492.601,681273.10509.90874259.30475.10807
Greece264.70619.1064,530310709.2036,281228.40532.3028,249
Romania263.1051498,886314.7057653,881226.80455.3045,005
Portugal261.8059360,467314.70700.5033,794221.20496.5026,673
Guadeloupe258.60531.602,127349.10720.101,329184.60370.20798
Cuba256.70413.1046,794285.904762,873234.70392.202,368
Austria255.70535.6048,241280.60574.3025,497237.4049822,744
Belarus252.80442.5041,817323.50494.4021,750214.10397.4020,067
Martinique248.70574.502,156310.60720.701,244197.80450912
Bulgaria247.10524.6036,451298607.6020,502213.80446.2015,949
Malta244.60566.202,500259.90615.101,362237.305171,138
South Korea242.70449.20230,317259.40472.50121,263238.50425.90109,054
Israel240.70331.6028,704247.20329.5014,197238.30333.7014,507
French Polynesia240.40306.50861267.90336478214276.20383
Samoa236.40188.50374235.40167.50172246.70211.10202
Russia234.30405.20591,371280.40419.70283,908212.90392.70307,463
Singapore233403.9023,632238.40398.3012,196234410.2011,436
Turkey231.50277.30233,834291.50319132,816188236.60101,018
Bosnia And Herzegovina227.10447.2014,673260.60497.807,998203.50398.706,675
Moldova227354.6014,306289.50398.807,704184.70314.106,602
North Macedonia220.40366.307,632253.80407.504,247193.80325.103,385
Barbados219.20400.501,151228.20412573214.10389.80578
Puerto Rico218.60457.2013,080256.80516.507,001192.40403.806,079
Argentina218.20289.60130,878230.70282.7062,327213.30296.2068,551
Croatia217.10635.6026,092239.50444.6025,004199.30382.1021,790
French Guiana216.20188.80564257.60213.20315179.60165249
Mongolia215.60174.305,714257.60186.903,018183.60162.102,696
Brazil215.40278.60592,212241.30287.40300,114198.20270.20292,098
Ukraine212.80371.80162,594253.60395.5080,143193.80351.3082,451
South Africa209.50182.40108,168242.10174.8051,059194.20189.8057,109
China204.80315.604,568,754225.40333.702,475,945188.20296.702,092,809
Armenia202.90312.509,261257.50351.704,902166.60277.704,359
Zimbabwe200.40108.2016,083198.50815,744213.9013310,339
Papua New Guinea199.40135.9012,159197118.205,399205.20154.406,760
Jamaica198.802437,197206.80248.403,651191.50237.703,546
Namibia198.30131.603,3452221171,441191.90145.401,904
Georgia196.10330.4013,181229.503506,654177.80312.606,527
Trinidad And Tobago193.902803,919207.10288.201,991186.10272.101,928
Paraguay191181.1012,920197.60179.306,500187.201836,420
Bahamas188.90222.80876209.20226.60433175219.10443
Costa Rica188.70257.9013,139194.10256.206,521186259.606,618
Colombia182.30222.50113,221184.70211.6052,866182.6023360,355
Venezuela181.10205.5058,424184.20193.3027,037181.90217.2031,387
Chile180.90283.7054,227209.20305.3028,779161.20262.6025,448
Guam178.10247.10417198.20258.40220163.80235.50197
Peru176.30211.8069,849169.80199.5032,680185.9022437,169
Saint Lucia174.30244.50449208293.10265143197.40184
Dominican Republic172.40182.7019,816188.60190.7010,332159.10174.709,484
Fiji169.70165.901,487144.50131.10595197.50201.60892
Suriname167.501801,056186176519159.30184537
Kazakhstan166.90188.4035,366192.70183.1016,690154.60193.3018,676
Laos165.80125.509,133177.50124.104,532157.401274,601
Thailand164273.10190,636173.10275.1093,425159271.3097,211
Philippines162140.30153,751164.60122.2067,267167.30158.5086,484
North Korea161.50223.7057,656181.40215.1027,121152.20231.8030,535
Egypt159.40131.60134,632168.80128.7066,542152.40134.5068,090
Lebanon156.80169.8011,589159.10168.405,787159.80171.205,802
Jordan155.30113.3011,559154.60102.805,311159.301246,248
Mauritius155239.803,050150217.401,364166.30261.701,686
Ecuador154.60165.9029,273146.30149.5013,190164.40182.4016,083
Malawi154.2093.8017,936133.3071.306,723177.80115.6011,213
Uganda153.8074.3034,008156.4064.4014,529158.108419,479
Zambia153.5075.2013,831166.6065.605,968154.4084.707,863
Iran152.70156.20131,191165166.7070,704139145.5060,487
Panama1511787,681159.80181.403,918145.30174.603,763
Kenya149.2078.3042,116133.2058.3015,566168.2098.1026,550
Morocco148.30160.8059,370153.50159.3029,171145.10162.4030,199
Albania148.10244.507,037170.60286.404,195128.10201.102,842
Malaysia143.90150.3048,639137.80138.6023,052151.40162.6025,587
Azerbaijan141.80160.9016,316161.50162.508,232128.60159.308,084
Guyana141.501461,148132.90129.20511152.90162.90637
Indonesia141.10145.10396,914138.90133.10183,368145.40157.20213,546
Mexico140.40151.60195,499139.7014289,536142.40160.90105,963
Mali140.307014,185116.9051.205,198162.9088.908,987
Haiti137.90108.8012,404152.90108.706,115127.40108.906,289
Bolivia137.50135.5015,817121.40115.606,773154.90155.509,044
Myanmar136.80137.1074,593146.30130.4034,197131.70143.3040,396
Nicaragua135.70120.607,992141.401103,591133.601314,401
Burundi135.5066.707,929129.7055.703,288143.5077.504,641
Algeria135.30133.2058,418129.70123.4027,328141.70143.3031,098
Mozambique135.3081.4025,446128.7066.1010,04014495.9015,406
Cambodia135.30109.9018,375149.30103.108,418128116.409,957
Iraq134.9084.2033,87312769.1014,070144.6099.7019,803
Tanzania133.7067.7040,464119.7051.3015,299151.1084.2025,165
Honduras133.70107.3010,628142.90104.805,185128.60109.805,443
Tunisia133.50164.5019,446153.50178.7010,473118.70150.608,973
Libya132.20111.507,661147.70108.103,748122.401153,913
Angola130.6061.8020,327135.10548,774130.5069.6011,553
Kyrgyzstan130.60108.407,075145.30100.403,241123.50116.303,834
Solomon Islands130.4088.20606115.1070.40246146.10106.60360
El Salvador129.60148.409,626126134.904,097132.80160.305,529
Turkmenistan128.80114.406,897131.70102.703,049129.90125.703,848
Eswatini127.9085.50992112.5061.20349156.40109643
Cameroon127.6078.1020,745120.7064.108,510137.9092.2012,235
Sao Tome And Principe126.4068.90151159.1073.908110363.9070
Madagascar124.3074.7020,681111.4059.608,234137.9089.7012,447
Maldives123.7091.80496121.5074.90257131.50120.90239
Guatemala123.1093.1016,686125.7086.407,625121.8099.709,061
Belize120.9099.30395117.9093184122.20105.60211
Senegal119.5067.6011,317105.20504,085132.4084.407,232
Liberia119.3070.203,552109.8056.301,431130.8084.302,121
Somalia118.1063.8010,13490.80473,723144.5080.406,411
Guinea116.6059.907,871110.8044.102,802122.5074.805,069
Ghana115.9077.3024,009103.7063.109,931128.9091.9014,078
Gabon115.8078.601,750101.6063.40718132.5094.401,032
Kuwait115.70903,842101.3070.401,840144.60120.902,002
Rwanda113.9068.208,835112.8057.803,68311978.205,152
Bahrain112.2071.401,215108.5052572130.70107643
Burkina Faso11257.6012,04596.1041.204,305128.10747,740
Comoros111.807060997.7052228128.4088.40381
Togo111.7062.905,208114.2056.302,319111.8069.502,889
Pakistan110.4080.80148,38810777.4088,015113.7084.3090,373
Nigeria110.4060.50124,81598.8049.2051,398122.5072.2073,417
Equatorial Guinea110.1066.10927101.8053.40417126.5081.90510
Botswana109.5085.502,010114.1073.70839109.9096.601,171
Lesotho10987.601,87699.4063.40670125.30111.101,206
Afghanistan108.8058.6022,817107.7052.7010,528111.9064.8012,289
Vanuatu108.8075.20231108.3069.4010810881.20123
Mauritania108.6066.203,07998.1051.801,209121.6080.801,870
Uzbekistan108.1095.7032,019108.4084.7014,143110.10106.6017,876
Qatar107.2051.401,482101.4041.60901139.3081.20581
Guinea Bissau107.2057.301,12797.8042.30407118.7071.60720
Ethiopia106.7067.3077,35277.9046.5026,754134.2088.1050,598
United Arab Emirates106.7048.604,80782.5031.502,155170.9086.802,652
Bangladesh106.2095.20156,775119.30105.8088,07592.4084.4068,700
Sri Lanka105.40138.3029,604107.90137.7014,136105.10138.8015,468
Oman103.8072.703,713108.4066.202,232108.7085.301,481
DR Congo102.9054.5048,83910348.3021,617105.7060.7027,222
Chad102.3052.208,57590.5041.903,433114.8062.505,142
Sierra Leone102.10594,70892.4046.101,836114.6071.902,872
Eritrea100.8067.902,4087949.6088212286.301,526
Central African Republic100.4055.402,67594.8044.401,063109.4066.201,612
India97.10961,324,41395.7090.10646,03099.30102.30678,383
Yemen9755.2016,47692.7047.607,159102.2062.909,317
Saudi Arabia96.4080.1027,8858970.8014,253111.9092.8013,632
Benin95.8055.706,747104.7051.703,13092.7059.603,617
Sudan95.7062.4027,38481.1049.5010,853109.8075.3016,529
South Sudan94.7056.406,31287.9047.902,686102.5064.903,626
Djibouti9177.4076571.5055.10286112.90102.10479
Tajikistan89.70605,72290.6053.202,55590.3066.903,167
Timor Leste89.7061.7081486.4055.7037194.6067.90443
Republic of the Congo84.4044.902,47892.8040.101,10581.7049.701,373
Bhutan81.9074.1057282.9075.8031180.6072.20261
Nepal80.9070.4020,50878.60678,94382.6073.3011,565
Gambia79.5042.801,03574.9038.4046083.7047.20575
Niger78.4040.409,78766.9033.704,10789.7047.205,680

Cancer Rates by Country 2022

Sources