Diabetes Rates by Country 2022

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Diabetes is a chronic disease in which a person's body is unable to either produce or utilize adequate insulin, the hormone that enables the cells of the body to absorb glucose, or sugar, from the bloodstream. This lack of insulin results in starving cells and an elevated level of sugar in the blood, a condition known as Hyperglycaemia, which can damage bodily systems if left untreated. Fortunately, proper management of diabetes and regular check-ups can prevent many of these complications.

If not properly treated, however, diabetes can be a serious, even life-threatening condition. Health complications caused by diabetes include glaucoma and cataracts, kidney disease, high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), skin complications, damage to nerves and blood vessels, and foot complications. Extreme diabetes can lead to a heart attack, stroke, or the need to amputate a limb. According to the World Health Organization, diabetes was the direct cause of 1.5 million deaths in 2019, 48% of which occurred in patients younger than 70 years of age. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) offers an even more sobering statistic, citing diabetes as the cause of 6.7 million deaths in 2021.

Diabetes is also remarkably prevalent. According to the most recent IDF data, 537 million people—approximately 10% of all people aged 20-79 in the world—were living with diabetes as of 2021. This is expected to increase to 643 million by 2030 and to 783 million by 2045. What's more, an estimated 240 million of those who have diabetes are currently undiagnosed. Diabetes is a particular concern in Pacific Island nations, where fruits and vegetables can be expensive, fast food is common, and genetic factors may increase diabetes risk. The top 10 countries (and 5 territories) in which diabetes is the most prevalent are listed below, and a full list of the world's countries, their diabetes rates, and the percentage of those with diabetes who are estimated to be undiagnosed and unaware can be found further down.

Top 15 Countries with the Highest Rate of Diabetes (IDF 2021)

  1. Pakistan — 30.8%
  2. French Polynesia (France territory) — 25.2%
  3. Kuwait — 24.9%
  4. Nauru — 23.4%
  5. New Caledonia (France territory) — 23.4%
  6. Northern Mariana Islands (U.S. territory) — 23.4%
  7. Marshall Islands — 23.0%
  8. Mauritius — 22.6%
  9. Kiribati — 22.1%
  10. Egypt — 20.9%
  11. American Samoa (U.S. territory) — 20.3%
  12. Tuvalu — 20.3%
  13. Solomon Islands — 19.8%
  14. Qatar — 19.5%
  15. Guam (U.S. territory) — 19.1%

Types of diabetes

Two main forms of diabetes exist, known as type 1 and type 2. Both are chronic conditions, but the dysfunction varies slightly depending upon the type. Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the body processes insulin as it should, but the pancreas fails to produce enough of it. By comparison, type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas produces adequate insulin, but the body lacks the ability to processes it properly. In both types, the end result is that insulin's role in managing glucose levels in the blood is compromised. Type 1 diabetes is typically found in children and makes up roughly 5% of all diabetes cases. Its cause is unknown. Type 2 diabetes makes up approximately 95% of diabetes cases and is more common in adults. Overweight individuals are particularly at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

A third form of diabetes, known as gestational diabetes, can occur temporarily in expectant mothers. While its symptoms are often mild and tend to disappear once the baby is born, both the child and mother are left more susceptible to type 2 diabetes later in life. Also extremely common is prediabetes, a condition in which blood glucose levels are slightly elevated and which often progresses to full type 2 diabetes if not treated. According to the Center for Disease Control, prediabetes afflicts more than 30% of adults in the United States. It is reversible and can be prevented from progressing to full diabetes by following a diet and exercise routine, but it goes undiagnosed in more than 80% of cases.

Diabetes Rates by Country 2022

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Diabetes Rates by Country 2022

* Note: 2011 data are from World Bank, 2021 estimates are from the International Diabetes Foundation
Country % w/ Diabetes 2021 % Undiagnosed 2021 % w/ Diabetes 2011 2022 Population
Pakistan31.00%31.00%7.90%235,824,862
Kuwait25.00%25.00%20.70%4,268,873
French Polynesia25.00%25.00%8.60%306,279
Mauritius23.00%23.00%14.80%1,299,469
New Caledonia23.00%23.00%8.60%289,950
Northern Mariana Islands23.00%23.00%0.00%49,551
Marshall Islands23.00%23.00%21.80%41,569
Nauru23.00%23.00%20.40%12,668
Kiribati22.00%22.00%25.30%131,232
Egypt21.00%21.00%16.60%110,990,103
Qatar20.00%20.00%19.80%2,695,122
Solomon Islands20.00%20.00%15.30%724,273
American Samoa20.00%20.00%0.00%44,273
Tuvalu20.00%20.00%19.20%11,312
Sudan19.00%19.00%8.60%46,874,204
Saudi Arabia19.00%19.00%19.60%36,408,820
Malaysia19.00%19.00%12.10%33,938,221
Guam19.00%19.00%8.60%171,774
Fiji18.00%18.00%10.90%929,766
Mexico17.00%17.00%15.60%127,504,125
Papua New Guinea17.00%17.00%7.60%10,142,619
Palau17.00%17.00%11.10%18,055
United Arab Emirates16.00%16.00%18.80%9,441,129
Vanuatu16.00%16.00%16.10%326,740
Micronesia16.00%16.00%15.70%114,164
Saint Kitts And Nevis16.00%16.00%8.50%47,657
Turkey15.00%15.00%7.90%85,341,241
Syria15.00%15.00%9.90%22,125,249
Jordan15.00%15.00%12.10%11,285,869
Belize15.00%15.00%17.00%405,272
Tonga15.00%15.00%12.70%106,858
Bangladesh14.00%14.00%10.50%171,186,372
Oman14.00%14.00%10.50%4,576,298
Barbados14.00%14.00%12.40%281,635
Guatemala13.00%13.00%9.30%17,843,908
Puerto Rico13.00%13.00%13.00%3,252,407
Trinidad And Tobago13.00%13.00%12.70%1,531,044
Suriname13.00%13.00%8.90%618,040
Grenada13.00%13.00%8.60%125,438
Cayman Islands13.00%13.00%12.00%68,706
Bermuda13.00%13.00%12.00%64,184
Tanzania12.00%12.00%2.80%65,497,748
Zambia12.00%12.00%4.80%20,017,675
Singapore12.00%12.00%9.50%5,975,689
Comoros12.00%12.00%8.40%836,774
Guyana12.00%12.00%16.70%808,726
Curacao12.00%12.00%0.00%191,163
Saint Lucia12.00%12.00%8.40%179,857
United States Virgin Islands12.00%12.00%12.10%99,465
Antigua And Barbuda12.00%12.00%12.50%93,763
Dominica12.00%12.00%8.90%72,737
China11.00%11.00%8.80%1,425,887,337
United States11.00%11.00%9.40%338,289,857
Indonesia11.00%11.00%5.10%275,501,339
South Africa11.00%11.00%7.00%59,893,885
Iraq11.00%11.00%9.10%44,496,122
Afghanistan11.00%11.00%7.60%41,128,771
Sri Lanka11.00%11.00%7.50%21,832,143
Chile11.00%11.00%9.50%19,603,733
Dominican Republic11.00%11.00%8.10%11,228,821
Jamaica11.00%11.00%15.70%2,827,377
Bahrain11.00%11.00%19.50%1,472,233
Brunei11.00%11.00%9.40%449,002
India10.00%10.00%9.00%1,417,173,173
Thailand10.00%10.00%7.50%71,697,030
Spain10.00%10.00%6.30%47,558,630
Venezuela10.00%10.00%10.20%28,301,696
Taiwan10.00%10.00%0.00%23,893,394
Tunisia10.00%10.00%9.50%12,356,117
Albania10.00%10.00%2.80%2,842,321
Bhutan10.00%10.00%5.70%782,455
Andorra10.00%10.00%5.40%79,824
Brazil9.00%9.00%10.10%215,313,498
Iran9.00%9.00%11.10%88,550,570
Morocco9.00%9.00%6.80%37,457,971
Nepal9.00%9.00%3.60%30,547,580
North Korea9.00%9.00%8.40%26,069,416
Haiti9.00%9.00%6.60%11,584,996
Portugal9.00%9.00%9.60%10,270,865
Israel9.00%9.00%7.40%9,038,309
Serbia9.00%9.00%7.70%7,221,365
Nicaragua9.00%9.00%11.00%6,948,392
Libya9.00%9.00%13.80%6,812,341
Palestine9.00%9.00%0.00%5,250,072
Costa Rica9.00%9.00%9.60%5,180,829
Uruguay9.00%9.00%5.70%3,422,794
Bosnia And Herzegovina9.00%9.00%7.50%3,233,526
Timor Leste9.00%9.00%7.50%1,341,296
Cyprus9.00%9.00%9.30%1,251,488
Montenegro9.00%9.00%7.70%627,082
Maldives9.00%9.00%9.20%523,787
Bahamas9.00%9.00%12.10%409,984
Samoa9.00%9.00%7.70%222,382
Seychelles9.00%9.00%12.10%107,118
British Virgin Islands9.00%9.00%8.60%31,305
Colombia8.00%8.00%9.80%51,874,024
Canada8.00%8.00%8.40%38,454,327
Cuba8.00%8.00%9.40%11,212,191
Hong Kong8.00%8.00%7.60%7,488,865
Paraguay8.00%8.00%6.50%6,780,744
Lebanon8.00%8.00%19.60%5,489,739
Panama8.00%8.00%9.40%4,408,581
Macau8.00%8.00%7.20%695,168
Malta8.00%8.00%6.60%533,286
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines8.00%8.00%8.80%103,948
Japan7.00%7.00%7.70%123,951,692
Philippines7.00%7.00%9.70%115,559,009
Germany7.00%7.00%5.30%83,369,843
Myanmar7.00%7.00%7.10%54,179,306
South Korea7.00%7.00%7.50%51,815,810
Algeria7.00%7.00%7.00%44,903,225
Poland7.00%7.00%9.00%39,857,145
Uzbekistan7.00%7.00%6.40%34,627,652
Malawi7.00%7.00%5.60%20,405,317
Romania7.00%7.00%7.70%19,659,267
Kazakhstan7.00%7.00%7.70%19,397,998
Somalia7.00%7.00%4.30%17,597,511
Cambodia7.00%7.00%2.90%16,767,842
Rwanda7.00%7.00%3.10%13,776,698
Burundi7.00%7.00%2.70%12,889,576
South Sudan7.00%7.00%0.00%10,913,164
Czech Republic7.00%7.00%5.30%10,493,986
Hungary7.00%7.00%6.00%9,967,308
Tajikistan7.00%7.00%6.30%9,952,787
Bulgaria7.00%7.00%6.70%6,781,953
Kyrgyzstan7.00%7.00%6.30%6,630,623
Turkmenistan7.00%7.00%2.70%6,430,770
Eritrea7.00%7.00%3.60%3,684,032
Mongolia7.00%7.00%7.10%3,398,366
Namibia7.00%7.00%7.80%2,567,012
Estonia7.00%7.00%7.00%1,326,062
Djibouti7.00%7.00%6.30%1,120,849
San Marino7.00%7.00%5.50%33,660
Vatican City7.00%7.00%0.00%510
Russia6.00%6.00%9.70%144,713,314
DR Congo6.00%6.00%3.10%99,010,212
Vietnam6.00%6.00%3.20%98,186,856
United Kingdom6.00%6.00%5.20%67,508,936
Italy6.00%6.00%5.10%59,037,474
Ukraine6.00%6.00%2.90%39,701,739
Cameroon6.00%6.00%6.10%27,914,536
Australia6.00%6.00%6.60%26,177,413
Chad6.00%6.00%3.90%17,723,315
Bolivia6.00%6.00%6.60%12,224,110
Greece6.00%6.00%5.10%10,384,971
Azerbaijan6.00%6.00%2.80%10,358,074
Belarus6.00%6.00%8.00%9,534,954
Laos6.00%6.00%3.30%7,529,475
El Salvador6.00%6.00%9.40%6,336,392
Republic of the Congo6.00%6.00%5.50%5,970,424
Slovakia6.00%6.00%5.70%5,643,453
Central African Republic6.00%6.00%3.20%5,579,144
Finland6.00%6.00%5.80%5,540,745
New Zealand6.00%6.00%8.60%5,185,288
Georgia6.00%6.00%2.80%3,744,385
Moldova6.00%6.00%2.70%3,272,996
Armenia6.00%6.00%8.50%2,780,469
Lithuania6.00%6.00%7.80%2,750,055
Gabon6.00%6.00%10.30%2,388,992
Slovenia6.00%6.00%7.50%2,119,844
North Macedonia6.00%6.00%7.70%2,093,599
Latvia6.00%6.00%7.80%1,850,651
Equatorial Guinea6.00%6.00%4.20%1,674,908
Luxembourg6.00%6.00%4.50%647,599
Iceland6.00%6.00%3.20%372,899
Sao Tome And Principe6.00%6.00%5.50%227,380
Isle of Man6.00%6.00%0.00%84,519
Liechtenstein6.00%6.00%4.70%39,327
Monaco6.00%6.00%5.60%36,469
Ethiopia5.00%5.00%3.40%123,379,924
France5.00%5.00%5.40%64,626,628
Uganda5.00%5.00%2.80%47,249,585
Argentina5.00%5.00%5.50%45,510,318
Angola5.00%5.00%2.90%35,588,987
Peru5.00%5.00%6.00%34,049,588
Yemen5.00%5.00%9.60%33,696,614
Madagascar5.00%5.00%4.70%29,611,714
Niger5.00%5.00%4.20%26,207,977
Netherlands5.00%5.00%5.30%17,564,014
Sweden5.00%5.00%4.20%10,549,347
Honduras5.00%5.00%6.70%10,432,860
Austria5.00%5.00%6.60%8,939,617
Switzerland5.00%5.00%5.90%8,740,472
Denmark5.00%5.00%5.60%5,882,261
Croatia5.00%5.00%5.20%4,030,358
Botswana5.00%5.00%10.80%2,630,296
Lesotho5.00%5.00%3.40%2,305,825
Eswatini5.00%5.00%3.10%1,201,670
Mayotte5.00%5.00%0.00%326,101
Nigeria4.00%4.00%4.80%218,541,212
Kenya4.00%4.00%5.10%54,027,487
Ecuador4.00%4.00%6.60%18,001,000
Belgium4.00%4.00%4.80%11,655,930
Norway4.00%4.00%4.70%5,434,319
Aruba4.00%4.00%12.40%106,445
Faroe Islands4.00%4.00%0.00%53,090
Ghana3.00%3.00%5.00%33,475,870
Mozambique3.00%3.00%3.10%32,969,518
Senegal3.00%3.00%3.20%17,316,449
Ireland3.00%3.00%5.20%5,023,109
Greenland3.00%3.00%0.00%56,466
Anguilla3.00%3.00%0.00%15,857
Ivory Coast2.00%2.00%4.90%28,160,542
Burkina Faso2.00%2.00%3.00%22,673,762
Mali2.00%2.00%1.90%22,593,590
Zimbabwe2.00%2.00%9.80%16,320,537
Guinea2.00%2.00%4.40%13,859,341
Togo2.00%2.00%3.30%8,848,699
Sierra Leone2.00%2.00%3.20%8,605,718
Liberia2.00%2.00%3.30%5,302,681
Mauritania2.00%2.00%4.30%4,736,139
Gambia2.00%2.00%2.00%2,705,992
Guinea Bissau2.00%2.00%3.00%2,105,566
Benin1.00%1.00%2.00%13,352,864

Diabetes Rates by Country 2022

Sources