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Diabetes Rates 2021 (1000s)

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Diabetes Rates by Country 2024

Diabetes is a chronic disease in which a person's body is unable to either produce or utilize adequate insulin, the hormone that enables the cells of the body to absorb glucose, or sugar, from the bloodstream. This lack of insulin results in starving cells and an elevated level of sugar in the blood, a condition known as Hyperglycaemia, which can damage bodily systems if left untreated. Fortunately, proper management of diabetes and regular check-ups can prevent many of these complications.

If not properly treated, however, diabetes can be a serious, even life-threatening condition. Health complications caused by diabetes include glaucoma and cataracts, kidney disease, high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), skin complications, damage to nerves and blood vessels, and foot complications. Extreme diabetes can lead to a heart attack, stroke, or the need to amputate a limb. According to the World Health Organization, diabetes was the direct cause of 1.5 million deaths in 2019, 48% of which occurred in patients younger than 70 years of age. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) offers an even more sobering statistic, citing diabetes as the cause of 6.7 million deaths in 2021.

Diabetes is also remarkably prevalent. According to the most recent IDF data, 537 million people—approximately 10% of all people aged 20-79 in the world—were living with diabetes as of 2021. This is expected to increase to 643 million by 2030 and to 783 million by 2045. What's more, an estimated 240 million of those who have diabetes are currently undiagnosed. Diabetes is a particular concern in Pacific Island nations, where fruits and vegetables can be expensive, fast food is common, and genetic factors may increase diabetes risk. The top 10 countries (and 5 territories) in which diabetes is the most prevalent are listed below, and a full list of the world's countries, their diabetes rates, and the percentage of those with diabetes who are estimated to be undiagnosed and unaware can be found further down.

Top 15 Countries with the Highest Rate of Diabetes (IDF 2021)

Country
Diabetes Rates % 2021
Pakistan30.8%
French Polynesia25.2%
Kuwait24.9%
New Caledonia23.4%
Northern Mariana Islands23.4%
Nauru23.4%
Marshall Islands23%
Mauritius22.6%
Kiribati22.1%
Egypt20.9%

Types of diabetes

Two main forms of diabetes exist, known as type 1 and type 2. Both are chronic conditions, but the dysfunction varies slightly depending upon the type. Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the body processes insulin as it should, but the pancreas fails to produce enough of it. By comparison, type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas produces adequate insulin, but the body lacks the ability to processes it properly. In both types, the end result is that insulin's role in managing glucose levels in the blood is compromised. Type 1 diabetes is typically found in children and makes up roughly 5% of all diabetes cases. Its cause is unknown. Type 2 diabetes makes up approximately 95% of diabetes cases and is more common in adults. Overweight individuals are particularly at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

A third form of diabetes, known as gestational diabetes, can occur temporarily in expectant mothers. While its symptoms are often mild and tend to disappear once the baby is born, both the child and mother are left more susceptible to type 2 diabetes later in life. Also extremely common is prediabetes, a condition in which blood glucose levels are slightly elevated and which often progresses to full type 2 diabetes if not treated. According to the Center for Disease Control, prediabetes afflicts more than 30% of adults in the United States. It is reversible and can be prevented from progressing to full diabetes by following a diet and exercise routine, but it goes undiagnosed in more than 80% of cases.

2011 data are from World Bank, 2021 estimates are from the International Diabetes Foundation

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Country
Diabetes Rates 2021 (1000s)
Diabetes Rates % 2021
Undiagnosed 2021 (1000s)
Mortality Attributable 2021
Diabetes Rates 2011 (1000s)
Diabetes Rate % 2011
Mortality Attributable 2011
China140,87010.6%72,8401,396,66290,0458.8%1,133,918
India74,1959.6%39,397647,83161,2589%983,203
Pakistan32,96530.8%8,865396,6256,3497.9%65,735
United States32,21510.7%4,027669,38423,7229.4%179,612
Indonesia19,46510.6%14,342236,7117,2925.1%149,872
Brazil15,7348.8%5,025214,17512,44010.1%121,082
Mexico14,12316.9%6,710184,38410,29415.6%71,087
Bangladesh13,13614.2%5,71275,6178,40610.5%144,443
Japan11,0056.6%5,007245,01010,6747.7%81,446
Egypt10,93120.9%6,779122,6847,32316.6%65,003
Turkey9,02114.5%3,77083,2213,5027.9%31,931
Russia7,3925.6%3,02920,72312,5939.7%217,185
Germany6,2006.9%1,345151,4635,0225.3%42,971
Thailand6,0679.7%2,41162,3614,0147.5%78,846
Iran5,4509.1%1,91247,9324,69511.1%30,475
Spain5,14110.3%1,55881,7172,8406.3%19,518
Italy4,4706.4%1,498172,9433,5605.1%26,111
Malaysia4,43219%2,17641,2382,03012.1%24,938
Philippines4,3047.1%2,86966,4614,2209.7%58,798
Saudi Arabia4,27418.7%1,86432,0542,76019.6%15,399
South Africa4,23410.8%1,92295,6761,9477%47,745
United Kingdom3,9966.3%921140,7753,0645.2%25,052
Vietnam3,9946.1%2,05657,2201,7033.2%27,949
France3,9435.3%1,09987,4343,2385.4%21,782
Nigeria3,6243.6%1,93048,3753,0554.8%63,340
Sudan3,52718.9%1,02435,8971,6678.6%24,619
South Korea3,5126.8%1,26447,5223,1867.5%28,912
Colombia3,4448.3%1,24135,5622,6099.8%19,572
Canada2,9747.7%1,12353,0462,7168.4%17,638
Tanzania2,88412.3%1,53636,3344732.8%6,638
Poland2,6776.8%1,7455,3303,0589%29,959
Taiwan2,4579.7%1,1161,6658.3%18,433
Myanmar2,3477.1%1,21334,5062,1047.1%58,889
Morocco2,3289.1%93731,4351,2686.8%6,992
Ukraine2,3255.6%92058,1261,1962.9%23,103
Venezuela2,2809.6%45630,2801,67510.2%12,730
Algeria2,0137.1%81021,7491,4357%9,395
Iraq2,01110.7%94621,7521,0899.1%13,085
Ethiopia1,9205%1,10626,4481,3773.4%25,491
DR Congo1,9095.8%1,10034,1517313.1%52,949
North Korea1,8478.6%1,03127,6531,5088.4%33,322
Argentina1,8075.4%56426,9441,5325.5%15,049
Chile1,74710.8%54618,5911,1909.5%7,927
Afghanistan1,60710.9%1,14731,7438187.6%15,568
Australia1,4926.4%37323,2261,2926.6%7,325
Syria1,48414.9%66214,0608909.9%6,066
Sri Lanka1,41811.3%50712,0841,0807.5%15,203
Uzbekistan1,3527%1,00016,6708136.4%11,449
Peru1,3014.8%4858,6679426%7,010
Romania1,1996.5%25524,2131,5067.7%18,433
Guatemala1,15013.1%56113,8505339.3%6,585
Nepal1,1348.7%4939,0224883.6%11,297
Portugal9949.1%43322,8581,0219.6%7,822
United Arab Emirates99116.4%6344,34376818.8%1,427
Tunisia8699.6%3506,8686309.5%3,741
Jordan86715.4%1735,70529212.1%2,118
Dominican Republic86510.5%32312,7774328.1%5,450
Netherlands8574.5%28721,2138825.3%7,054
Kenya8224%35915,2857695.1%13,269
Kazakhstan8086.6%32011,8068017.7%14,857
Kuwait80324.9%3002,15329820.7%799
Serbia7979.1%31515,9086717.7%8,441
Czech Republic7917.1%2651,1465575.3%5,889
Cuba7617.6%28410,7149399.4%7,983
Greece7366.4%25022,3506035.1%4,858
Zambia72611.9%38715,5192444.8%8,277
Papua New Guinea72416.7%37310,7172177.6%5,189
Uganda7164.6%41310,4163082.8%1,913
Singapore71211.6%3598,3014279.5%3,663
Hong Kong6867.8%3725257.6%
Hungary6617%11010,7015686%7,353
Cameroon6215.5%33112,6145016.1%10,829
Yemen6145.4%1378,5617279.6%7,067
Cambodia5967.3%3348,7721992.9%4,895
Angola5854.6%38611,1731852.9%2,384
Haiti5498.9%16111,8112966.6%6,012
Israel5378.5%18013,2304007.4%2,777
Madagascar5364.6%3099,7184284.7%5,407
Ecuador5274.4%1053,9705246.6%5,126
Bulgaria5197.4%13410,5215326.7%8,205
Sweden4965%16611,6233864.2%2,610
Malawi4867.3%2807,9173525.6%11,405
Belarus4835.6%19111,2426778%10,045
Austria4474.6%15012,0215716.6%4,322
Oman44613.8%2232,10013810.5%704
Niger4235.2%2445,3022844.2%5,919
Puerto Rico41313.3%12938913%
Belgium4053.6%13610,7145154.8%4,331
Libya3998.7%1613,78243613.8%2,705
Azerbaijan3975.6%1577,5771672.8%2,735
Lebanon3968%1595,49252819.6%4,525
Bolivia3965.5%1487,5173036.6%4,431
Qatar39519.5%13589821719.8%457
Finland3936.1%749,3383405.8%2,753
Switzerland3894.6%1307,6444245.9%2,411
Somalia3766.5%2178,8341854.3%4,065
Nicaragua3669.3%1643,65428311%2,774
Costa Rica3628.8%1353,6632719.6%1,707
Slovakia3505.8%1176282765.7%3,136
Mozambique3493.3%30311,8322953.1%8,805
Ghana3292.6%1756,2555175%6,108
Tajikistan3286.6%1444,5781566.3%2,114
Denmark3095.3%1047,0103005.6%2,726
Bosnia and Herzegovina3069.1%1215,1132657.5%2,535
Rwanda2976.5%1714,0751263.1%1,918
El Salvador2926.3%1093,6922939.4%3,056
Uruguay2769%866,7701495.7%1,060
Paraguay2757.5%1023,4672056.5%2,005
New Zealand2696.2%1224,7193128.6%1,916
Chad2685.8%1555,2471973.9%6,059
Honduras2685.1%1343,7962176.7%2,133
Kyrgyzstan2566.6%1022,9661546.3%2,514
Mauritius25022.6%892,32013814.8%1,609
South Sudan2466.5%1424,0210%
Albania24110.2%954,248642.8%854
Panama2368.2%742,1191969.4%1,463
Ivory Coast2312.1%1233,9914074.9%4,271
Jamaica23111.1%574,30325915.7%2,254
Turkmenistan2246.7%883,313702.7%1,291
Burundi2236.5%1293,925942.7%1,860
Croatia2134.8%716,2182195.2%2,271
Moldova2075.6%824,025802.7%1,449
Norway1913.6%642,7882024.7%1,275
Georgia1915.7%754,2711052.8%1,432
Senegal1893.1%1093,0281473.2%1,694
Lithuania1875.8%635,8702367.8%3,261
Palestine1839.2%741259.2%
Burkina Faso1642.1%952,8131753%3,231
Mali1532.1%882,6161001.9%1,545
Republic of the Congo1525.5%813,104955.5%1,424
Mongolia1516.9%782,5971187.1%2,644
Trinidad and Tobago14912.7%432,36511812.7%1,354
Ireland1393%472,9581915.2%1,457
Slovenia1385.8%463,2911607.5%1,448
Armenia1345.6%532,3921928.5%2,150
Bahrain12011.3%4153615119.5%545
North Macedonia1166.1%462,5901357.7%1,507
Latvia1165.9%392,2291667.8%1,817
Zimbabwe1062.1%572,9425519.8%26,096
Guinea1042.1%602,1761824.4%2,348
Fiji9917.7%511,5875510.9%994
Central African Republic975.8%563,655583.2%1,267
Eritrea946.5%542,129963.6%1,280
Cyprus888.6%321,101829.3%456
Estonia846.5%41174917%1,264
Gabon795.5%421,2156910.3%704
Togo752.1%431,338813.3%6,928
Namibia756.7%401,674747.8%872
Sierra Leone712.1%411,353723.2%1,539
Botswana695.2%372,0449410.8%1,252
Montenegro559.1%221,014427.7%506
Guyana5411.7%191,6726616.7%1,260
Djibouti547.4%29883266.3%359
Solomon Islands5319.8%271,0423515.3%462
French Polynesia5225.2%24158.6%
Macau517.8%23337.2%
Benin501.1%27927712%1,001
New Caledonia5023.4%23158.6%
Suriname5012.7%20948298.9%387
Lesotho484.6%262,761293.4%1,339
Liberia472.1%27802513.3%716
Timor Leste468.6%24636307.5%644
Mauritania452.1%24514614.3%644
Bhutan4510.4%20379225.7%120
Equatorial Guinea395.5%21824144.2%216
Barbados3914%111,0082912.4%263
Malta388%18735306.6%228
Brunei3511.1%16532199.4%205
Comoros3511.7%18440248.4%174
Luxembourg355.9%12788214.5%161
Belize3214.5%144412517%276
Maldives279.2%12115159.2%141
Bahamas268.8%74702912.1%292
Guam2319.1%11108.6%
Eswatini224.6%12846143.1%527
Curacao2011.7%60%
Iceland205.5%739493.2%56
Vanuatu2015.6%103711716.1%250
Gambia181.9%10325122%144
Guinea Bissau172.1%10411193%332
Saint Lucia1611.7%631798.4%79
Kiribati1422.1%83361525.3%162
United States Virgin Islands1212.4%41212.1%
Grenada1012.6%426558.6%68
Marshall Islands923%6721.8%172
Micronesia915.6%5193815.7%105
Antigua and Barbuda911.7%3147712.5%93
Northern Mariana Islands823.4%40%
Andorra89.7%355.4%34
American Samoa820.3%40%
Samoa89.2%413577.7%151
Tonga715%488612.7%98
Cape Verde72.1%470135.4%112
Bermuda713%2712%
Seychelles78.5%391412.1%18
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines78%213168.8%78
Saint Kitts and Nevis616.1%238.5%40
Dominica611.7%248.9%35
Sao Tome and Principe65.5%37345.5%41
Cayman Islands613%2412%
Mayotte64.6%30%
Isle of Man56.3%20%
Aruba44.3%11212.4%
Monaco36.2%125.6%12
San Marino37.4%125.5%13
Liechtenstein36.1%124.7%11
British Virgin Islands28.7%118.6%
Palau217%1111.1%17
Greenland23.3%10%
Faroe Islands23.8%10%
Tuvalu220.3%1119.2%21
Nauru223.4%1120.4%20
Laos07.3%0%
Reunion0%9316%
Guadeloupe0%246.3%
Martinique0%4312.1%
French Guiana0%129.6%
Cook Islands0%18.6%5
Anguilla0%1852.9%2,384
Niue0%09.8%
Tokelau0%011.5%
showing: 221 rows

Which country has the highest rate of diabetes?

The country that has the highest rate of diabetes in the world is Pakistan, with 30.8% of the population living with diabetes.

Which country has the lowest rate of diabetes?

The country that has the lowest rate of diabetes in the world is Benin, with 1.1% of the population living with diabetes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources