Suicide Rate By Country 2021

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Suicide occurs throughout the world, affecting individuals of all nations, cultures, religions, genders, and classes. Other innate factors, such as disorders of the mind and abnormalities at birth, can heighten someone's propensity for experiencing depression, whether as the occasional episode or a lifelong ailment.

To lower the rates of deaths resulting from suicide, countries need to address many common underlying factors that add up and make someone more likely to choose suicide as an outlet. Depression rates are one factor that holds serious importance, but other factors to take into consideration are:

  • Academic performance
  • Physical condition
  • Mental health and well-being
  • Economic standing
  • Financial struggles
  • Workplace performance
  • Overall life satisfaction

Countries with the Highest Suicide Rates

In 2019, the ten countries with the highest suicide rates (number of suicides per 100k) were:

  1. Lesotho - 72.4
  2. Guyana - 40.3
  3. Eswatini - 29.4
  4. South Korea - 28.6
  5. Kiribati - 28.3
  6. Federated States of Micronesia - 28.2
  7. Lithuania - 26.1
  8. Suriname - 25.4
  9. Russia - 25.1
  10. South Africa - 23.5

The only western European nation with an exceptionally high suicide rate is Belgium, which ranks at number eleven with 18.3 suicides per 100k. However, it is worth noting that Belgium has some of the world's most liberal laws on doctor-assisted suicide, also known as euthanasia, which is likely to be a factor in its statistics.

Countries with the Lowest Suicide Rates

Perhaps surprisingly, many of the most troubled nations in the world have comparatively low suicide rates. Afghanistan has 4.1 suicides per 100k; Iraq has 3.6, and Syria has just 2.0. It is not clear if the suicide statistics for these countries reflect suicides committed due to mental health problems and terminal illnesses (which are the primary reasons for suicide in most of the world) or include suicides committed as part of the ongoing conflicts in these countries.

The world's lowest suicide rates are in the following countries:

  1. Antigua and Barbuda - 0.4
  2. Barbados - 0.6
  3. Grenada - 0.7
  4. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - 1.0
  5. Sao Tome and Principe - 1.5
  6. Jordan - 1.6
  7. Syria - 2.0
  8. Venezuela - 2.1
  9. Honduras - 2.1
  10. Philippines - 2.2

Suicide in South Korea

According to the World Health Organization, the suicide rate in South Korea is the fourth highest in the world. One factor in its high suicide rate is suicides among the elderly. Traditionally, children have been expected to care for their aging parents; however, because this system has mostly disappeared in the twenty-first century, many older adults commit suicide, rather than feel like they are a financial burden on their families.

In addition to the elderly, students have higher-than-average suicide rates, at least partly because they feel high levels of pressure to succeed academically. When they do not achieve their goals, they may feel that they have dishonored their families. Alcohol use, sleep deprivation, stress, and poor social relationships can put students at increased risk of suicide.

One of the most common methods of committing suicide in South Korea is poisoning via carbon monoxide. Additionally, many choose to jump off a bridge. In Seoul, the Mapo Bridge has earned the nickname "The Bridge of Death" or "Suicide Bridge" because of how many people jump off it.

The government of South Korea is making efforts to curb the suicide epidemic. It strives to increase mental healthcare access, a necessity as 90% of suicide victims in South Korea may have a diagnosable and treatable mental health condition. It is also providing education to community leaders to help prevent suicides at a local level.

Suicide in Japan

Japan's total numbers place it significantly outside the top 10, but suicide is nonetheless a serious concern there. Suicide is the leading cause of death in men between the ages of 20-44 and women between the ages of 15-34. The government has been active in intervention to decrease the risk of suicide, particularly among vulnerable populations.

Japanese men are twice as likely to commit suicide as their female counterparts, particularly after a divorce. Of particular concern is suicide among men who have recently lost their jobs and are no longer able to provide for their families. People are expected to stay married to a single person and stay on a single job for their entire life, and the pressure of this expectation can make a divorce or job loss feel like a failure.

Aokigahara Forest, at the base of Japan's Mount Fuji, is a hotspot for suicides, as hundreds of people go there each year to end their lives. Police regularly patrol the area for suicide victims and survivors.

Suicide in Sweden

In 2019, Sweden had 14.7 suicides per 100,000 people. Historically, Sweden has had a high suicide rate, with the most suicides in the developed world during the 1960s. That may have been due, at least in part, to cultural attitudes regarding suicide and long, dark winters, particularly in the northern regions. The government responded to the crisis with social welfare and mental health services, and the numbers have dropped dramatically. Today, Scandinavian countries – Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Finland – have very high happiness rates and relatively low suicide rates. However, the dark winters – 20 hours of darkness or more in each day in some areas – causes seasonal affective disorder (SAD), a form of depression, which has been known to correlate with higher rates of suicide.

Euthanasia, or physician-assisted suicide, is still illegal in Sweden but is accepted in some instances. A physician may not administer lethal drugs to a terminally ill patient, but he or she may end life support of the patient requests doing so and demonstrates that they understand the consequences. This form of physician-assisted suicide, known as passive euthanasia, is not included in suicide statistics. Active euthanasia, when a physician administers lethal drugs to a terminally ill patient with the patient and family's consent, may soon become legal in Sweden, as it is becoming more accepted in European countries.

Suicide in China

In China, suicide is the fifth leading cause of death and accounts for over one-quarter of suicides worldwide. In contrast with many Western countries, in which men are more likely to commit suicide, most suicide victims in China are women. China's economic boom has led to greater independence for women, who are now much more able to get divorced as a means of dealing with domestic violence. However, the strain of divorce means that they must work long hours while raising their children, often without family support that the culture has traditionally relied on in the past.

When women show the strain of their stressful lives and are admitted to a hospital for psychiatric care, they are likely to be discharged much sooner than their male counterparts. They feel that they need to return to their jobs and families as quickly as possible, even if they are not ready to do so. Additionally, many insurances do not cover hospital stays in cases of attempted suicide. These strains have exacerbated suicide among Chinese women.

People in rural parts of China are five times more likely to commit suicide than people in cities. This notion may be attributed to a lack of mental healthcare, the stigma associated with mental illnesses (such as schizophrenia), poverty, and poor education. However, exact statistics are hard to come by because the Chinese government has carried out few to no epidemiological studies on suicide.

Most suicide attempts in China are carried out with a pesticide or other poison.

Here are the 10 countries with the highest rates of suicide:

  1. Lesotho (72.4 per 100k people)
  2. Guyana (40.3 per 100k people)
  3. Eswatini (29.4 per 100k people)
  4. South Korea (28.6 per 100k people)
  5. Kiribati (28.3 per 100k people)
  6. Micronesia (28.2 per 100k people)
  7. Lithuania (26.1 per 100k people)
  8. Suriname (25.4 per 100k people)
  9. Russia (25.1 per 100k people)
  10. South Africa (23.5 per 100k people)

Suicide Rate By Country 2021

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Suicide Rate By Country 2021

* Rates are per 100,000 people
Country Total Suicide Rate Male Rate Female Rate 2021 Population
Lesotho72.411630.12,159,079
Guyana40.36317.4790,326
Eswatini29.455.14.71,172,362
South Korea28.640.216.951,305,186
Kiribati28.348.68.7121,392
Micronesia28.243.212.7116,254
Lithuania26.145.49.62,689,862
Suriname25.438.811.8591,800
Russia25.143.69.1145,912,025
South Africa23.537.69.860,041,994
Ukraine21.639.26.543,466,819
Uruguay21.234.58.93,485,151
Belarus21.236.77.79,442,862
Montenegro2131.710.4628,053
Latvia20.135.571,866,942
Slovenia19.831.48.32,078,724
Belgium18.324.911.811,632,326
Vanuatu1828.17.6314,464
Mongolia17.930.75.43,329,289
Kazakhstan17.6296.818,994,962
Hungary16.625.98.39,634,164
Croatia16.425.38.14,081,651
Botswana16.126.36.42,397,241
United States16.1257.5332,915,073
Finland15.323.27.65,548,360
Japan15.321.89.2126,050,804
Estonia14.924.36.51,325,185
Solomon Islands14.7271.9703,996
Moldova14.726.14.14,024,019
Sweden14.719.99.510,160,169
Austria14.622.86.79,043,070
Switzerland14.520.298,715,494
Cuba14.523611,317,505
Zimbabwe14.1208.815,092,171
Sri Lanka1422.36.221,497,310
France13.820.47.665,426,179
Mozambique13.6225.732,163,047
India12.714.111.11,393,409,038
Samoa12.6186.7200,149
Australia12.518.66.425,788,215
Central African Republic12.319.65.24,919,981
Germany12.318.66.283,900,473
Slovakia12.121.23.45,460,721
Iceland11.919.83.9343,353
Norway11.815.87.75,465,630
Netherlands11.815.58.317,173,099
Canada11.817.66.138,067,903
Portugal11.517.95.710,167,925
Serbia11.416.66.38,697,550
Luxembourg11.315.37.1634,814
Poland11.320.13.137,797,005
Singapore11.2157.15,896,686
New Zealand1116.55.84,860,643
Bosnia And Herzegovina10.917.64.53,263,466
Eritrea10.916.65.23,601,467
Denmark10.714.96.55,813,298
Namibia9.716.73.22,587,344
Bulgaria9.715.34.46,896,663
Romania9.716.53.319,127,774
Djibouti9.612.66.41,002,187
Ireland9.615.43.94,982,907
Haiti9.611.87.611,541,685
Mauritius9.516.32.81,273,433
North Macedonia9.413.94.82,082,658
North Korea9.411.27.625,887,041
Georgia9.21633,979,765
Fiji912.25.7902,906
Chile914.93.219,212,361
Cameroon913.64.427,224,265
Nepal916.42.729,674,920
Bahrain8.912.52.41,748,296
Ivory Coast8.914.92.827,053,629
Pakistan8.913.34.3225,199,937
Togo8.813.83.98,478,250
Thailand8.8152.969,950,850
Trinidad And Tobago8.713.93.61,403,375
Gabon8.414.22.42,278,825
Argentina8.413.73.345,605,826
Seychelles8.114.41.498,908
Costa Rica8.114.125,139,052
China8.19.86.21,444,216,107
Uzbekistan811.34.833,935,763
Saint Lucia7.914.31.7184,400
Equatorial Guinea7.99.461,449,896
Somalia7.9123.816,359,504
United Kingdom7.911.8468,207,116
Benin7.811.83.812,451,040
Spain7.711.44.246,745,216
Ecuador7.611.63.617,888,475
Burkina Faso7.511.33.721,497,096
Kyrgyzstan7.411.73.26,628,356
Zambia7.3122.718,920,651
Morocco7.29.74.737,344,795
Belize7.112.51.7404,914
Guinea Bissau710.23.92,015,494
Guinea79.24.913,497,244
Vietnam710.44.798,168,833
Brazil6.910.93213,993,437
Sierra Leone6.78.35.18,141,343
Italy6.710.13.560,367,477
Dr Congo6.710.62.892,377,993
Ghana6.611.81.231,732,129
Republic Of The Congo6.59.53.55,657,013
United Arab Emirates6.4839,991,089
Chad6.49.63.316,914,985
Bolivia6.28.44.111,832,940
Burundi6.29.23.412,255,433
Malta6.19.82.3442,784
El Salvador6.110.52.16,518,499
Angola6.1102.333,933,610
Kenya6.19.13.254,985,698
Paraguay68.73.27,219,638
Senegal69.2317,196,301
Saudi Arabia68.9235,340,683
Guatemala5.99.32.618,249,860
Qatar5.87.21.72,930,528
Yemen5.874.630,490,640
Turkmenistan5.78.82.76,117,924
Malaysia5.78.92.332,776,194
Rwanda5.68.2313,276,513
Madagascar5.57.63.428,427,328
Comoros5.473.8888,451
Laos5.47.63.27,379,358
Malawi5.49.21.719,647,684
Ethiopia5.47.73.1117,876,227
Israel5.38.42.38,789,774
Niger5.37.23.325,130,817
Mexico5.38.52.2130,262,216
Iran5.27.72.885,028,759
Greece5.18.41.910,370,744
Oman4.96.815,223,375
Dominican Republic4.981.810,953,703
Cambodia4.972.816,946,438
Gambia4.86.632,486,945
Bhutan4.66.32.7779,898
Uganda4.67.61.747,123,531
Liberia4.55.63.35,180,203
Libya4.562.96,958,532
Nicaragua4.46.91.96,702,385
Albania4.35.92.72,872,933
Tajikistan4.35.72.89,749,627
Tanzania4.36.6261,498,437
Azerbaijan4.16.61.610,223,342
Mali4.15.32.920,855,735
Afghanistan4.14.63.639,835,428
South Sudan3.95.7211,381,378
Colombia3.96.11.851,265,844
Tonga3.852.6106,760
Sudan3.84.92.844,909,353
Timor Leste3.75.321,343,873
Bangladesh3.75.71.7166,303,498
Cyprus3.661.31,215,584
Iraq3.65.2241,179,350
Bahamas3.55.91.3396,913
Nigeria3.551.9211,400,708
Armenia3.35.61.32,968,127
Tunisia3.34.71.911,935,766
Mauritania3.142.24,775,119
Papua New Guinea34.31.69,119,010
Egypt342104,258,327
Kuwait2.94.30.74,328,550
Panama2.94.714,381,579
Myanmar2.94.91.154,806,012
Lebanon2.83.81.76,769,146
Peru2.84.21.433,359,418
Maldives2.73.90.8543,617
Algeria2.53.11.844,616,624
Jamaica2.43.71.12,973,463
Turkey2.43.61.285,042,738
Indonesia2.43.71.1276,361,783
Philippines2.23.11.2111,046,913
Honduras2.13.30.810,062,991
Venezuela2.13.50.728,704,954
Syria23.20.718,275,702
Jordan1.62.50.710,269,021
Sao Tome And Principe1.52.20.8223,368
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines11.30.6111,263
Grenada0.70.60.7113,021
Barbados0.60.90.3287,711
Antigua And Barbuda0.400.898,731

Suicide Rate By Country 2021