US Trade Deficit by Country 2022

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A trade deficit – also known as a negative balance of trade – is an economic term related to international trade. A trade deficit, in short, means that a nation’s imports exceed its exports. In other words, a country with a trade deficit spends more money in a year than it receives from its exports. Many nations around the world have trade deficits, including the United Kingdom, Mexico, Brazil, and the United States.

The United States has the largest trade deficit in the world. In 2018, the trade deficit of this nation was $621 billion. While the country brought in over $3 trillion in imports, the amount of exports was just $2.5 trillion. The largest exports of the United States were cars, food, and commercial aircraft. The largest imports were cell phones, oil, and cars.

The largest deficit in goods in the United States is with China. In fact, over 65% of the trade deficit – or $419 billion – is because of imports from China. The main imports that the US purchased from China include clothing, machinery, and electronics.

The United States also has a trade deficit with Mexico. This deficit is significantly smaller than that of China’s at just $81 billion. The U.S. has imported $346 billion worth of goods from Mexico, including vehicles and auto parts.

A trade deficit of $68.2 billion with Germany is the third largest trade deficit of the U.S. The U.S. imported $126 billion in auto parts and vehicles, medicine, and machinery.

The United States has a trade deficit of $67.6 billion with Japan. Vehicles and industrial supplies are among the primary imports that the U.S. acquires from Japan.

The U.S. also has a $20 billion trade deficit with Canada. While the U.S. exports vehicles, petroleum, and auto parts, it imports more crude oil and gas from Canada.

Here are the 10 countries with the highest trade imbalance:

  1. China (-375,576)
  2. Mexico (-70,953)
  3. Japan (-68,876)
  4. Germany (-63,678)
  5. Vietnam (-38,355)
  6. Ireland (-38,089)
  7. Italy (-31,513)
  8. Malaysia (-24,432)
  9. South Korea (-23,118)
  10. India (-22,914)

US Trade Deficit by Country 2022

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US Trade Deficit by Country 2022

* All trade and balances are in millions of US dollars for calendar year 2017.
Country Exports Imports Total Trade Total Balance 2022 Population
China129,894505,470635,364-375,5761,425,887,337
Mexico243,314314,267557,581-70,953127,504,125
Japan67,605136,481204,086-68,876123,951,692
Germany53,897117,575171,472-63,67883,369,843
Vietnam8,13346,48854,621-38,35598,186,856
Ireland10,70848,79759,505-38,0895,023,109
Italy18,40549,91868,323-31,51359,037,474
Malaysia12,96437,39650,360-24,43233,938,221
South Korea48,32671,444119,770-23,11851,815,810
India25,68948,60374,292-22,9141,417,173,173
Thailand10,99231,15242,144-20,16071,697,030
Canada282,265299,319581,584-17,05438,454,327
Taiwan25,73042,46268,192-16,73223,893,394
France33,59648,89982,495-15,30364,626,628
Switzerland21,68535,99757,682-14,3128,740,472
Indonesia6,86420,20925,240-13,345275,501,339
Russia6,99817,02124,019-10,023144,713,314
Israel12,55021,94534,495-9,3959,038,309
Spain11,06415,64526,709-4,58147,558,630
Colombia13,31213,55726,869-24551,874,024
Saudi Arabia18,88116,34835,2292,53336,408,820
Chile13,60510,55124,1563,05419,603,733
United Kingdom56,25853,060109,3183,19867,508,936
Brazil37,22229,45266,6747,770215,313,498
Singapore29,80619,36749,17310,4395,975,689
Australia24,52710,04534,57214,48226,177,413
Belgium29,92414,99744,92114,92711,655,930
United Arab Emirates20,0204,26924,28915,7519,441,129
Netherlands41,51017,78559,29523,72517,564,014
Hong Kong39,9397,37647,31532,5637,488,865

US Trade Deficit by Country 2022

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