Buddhist Countries 2020

Buddhism is one of the largest religions in the world. This religion originated in India, and it is based around the teachings of Buddha. There are traditions, practices and beliefs of this religion that are unique to this religion. Those that practice Buddhism – known as Buddhists – believe in reincarnation. That is, they believe that death is not the end but instead a person is reborn after they pass. Buddhists believe that finding enlightenment – or Nirvana – is the key to stopping the cycle of rebirth.

For some, Buddhism is a religion. For others, it is a philosophy, while others practice Buddhism to find themselves and experience inner peace. Buddhism is a religion that is practiced worldwide. In fact, it is believed that as many as 535 million people around the world practice this religion, which would represent between 8% and 10% of the world’s total population.

There are several countries that have a very high proportion of Buddhism followers. The country with the highest proportion is Cambodia. Of its population of over 15 million, over 13 million – or 96.9% of the total population – are Buddhists. Other countries that have a high percentage of Buddhist residents include:

  • Thailand
  • Myanmar
  • Bhutan
  • Sri Lanka
  • Laos
  • Mongolia

Each of the nations listed above have a Buddhist population that makes up at least 55% of the total population. However, these aren’t the only nations that have millions of Buddhist residents. The countries with Buddhist populations making up at least 10% of the total population include:

  • Japan
  • Singapore
  • South Korea
  • Taiwan
  • Malaysia
  • China
  • Macau
  • Vietnam
  • Hong Kong
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Nepal

Buddhist Countries 2020

* Data is from 2010
Country Number of Buddhists Buddhists % Population 2020
Cambodia13,690,00096.90%16,718,965
Thailand64,420,00093.20%69,799,978
Myanmar38,410,00087.90%54,409,800
Bhutan540,00074.70%771,608
Sri Lanka14,450,00069.30%21,413,249
Laos4,100,00066.10%7,275,560
Mongolia1,520,00055.10%3,278,290
Japan45,820,00036.20%126,476,461
Singapore1,730,00033.90%5,850,342
South Korea11,050,00022.90%51,269,185
Taiwan4,950,00021.30%23,816,775
Malaysia5,010,00019.80%32,365,999
China244,130,00018.20%1,439,323,776
Macau90,00017.30%649,335
Vietnam14,380,00016.40%97,338,579
Hong Kong930,00013.20%7,496,981
Northern Mariana Islands10,00010.60%57,559
Nepal3,080,00010.30%29,136,808
Brunei30,0008.60%437,479
Qatar50,0003.10%2,881,053
Kuwait80,0002.80%4,270,571
Australia600,0002.70%25,499,884
Bahrain30,0002.50%1,701,575
United Arab Emirates150,0002.00%9,890,402
New Zealand70,0001.60%4,822,233
North Korea370,0001.50%25,778,816
United States3,570,0001.20%331,002,651
Nauru10,0001.10%10,824
Guam10,0001.10%168,775
Palau10,0000.80%18,094
Oman20,0000.80%5,106,626
Canada280,0000.80%37,742,154
India9,250,0000.80%1,380,004,385
Indonesia1,720,0000.70%273,523,615
New Caledonia10,0000.60%285,498
Maldives10,0000.60%540,544
Suriname10,0000.60%586,632
Norway30,0000.60%5,421,241
Portugal60,0000.60%10,196,709
Bermuda10,0000.50%62,278
Belize10,0000.50%397,628
France280,0000.50%65,273,511
Bangladesh720,0000.50%164,689,383
Micronesia10,0000.40%115,023
Iceland10,0000.40%341,243
Switzerland30,0000.40%8,654,622
Sweden40,0000.40%10,099,265
Jordan20,0000.40%10,203,134
United Kingdom240,0000.40%67,886,011
American Samoa10,0000.30%55,191
Solomon Islands10,0000.30%686,884
Trinidad And Tobago10,0000.30%1,399,488
Puerto Rico10,0000.30%2,860,853
Libya20,0000.30%6,871,292
Sierra Leone10,0000.30%7,976,983
Israel20,0000.30%8,655,535
Senegal10,0000.30%16,743,927
Saudi Arabia90,0000.30%34,813,871
Germany210,0000.30%83,783,942
Reunion10,0000.20%895,312
Cyprus10,0000.20%1,207,359
Panama10,0000.20%4,314,767
Ireland10,0000.20%4,937,786
Denmark10,0000.20%5,792,202
Lebanon10,0000.20%6,825,445
Austria20,0000.20%9,006,398
Belgium30,0000.20%11,589,623
Netherlands40,0000.20%17,134,872
Kazakhstan40,0000.20%18,776,707
Peru50,0000.20%32,971,854
South Africa100,0000.20%59,308,690
Italy110,0000.20%60,461,826
Falkland Islands10,0000.10%3,480
Tuvalu10,0000.10%11,792
Liechtenstein10,0000.10%38,128
Dominica10,0000.10%71,986
Andorra10,0000.10%77,265
Seychelles10,0000.10%98,347
United States Virgin Islands10,0000.10%104,425
Tonga10,0000.10%105,695
Aruba10,0000.10%106,766
French Polynesia10,0000.10%280,908
Barbados10,0000.10%287,375
French Guiana10,0000.10%298,682
Vanuatu10,0000.10%307,145
Martinique10,0000.10%375,265
Bahamas10,0000.10%393,244
Malta10,0000.10%441,543
Luxembourg10,0000.10%625,978
Montenegro10,0000.10%628,066
Guyana10,0000.10%786,552
Fiji10,0000.10%896,445
Swaziland10,0000.10%1,160,164
Mauritius10,0000.10%1,271,768
Estonia10,0000.10%1,326,535
Latvia10,0000.10%1,886,198
Slovenia10,0000.10%2,078,938
Macedonia10,0000.10%2,083,374
Lesotho10,0000.10%2,142,249
Botswana10,0000.10%2,351,627
Namibia10,0000.10%2,540,905
Lithuania10,0000.10%2,722,289
Albania10,0000.10%2,877,797
Jamaica10,0000.10%2,961,167
Armenia10,0000.10%2,963,243
Uruguay10,0000.10%3,473,730
Croatia10,0000.10%4,105,267
Liberia10,0000.10%5,057,681
Costa Rica10,0000.10%5,094,118
Palestine10,0000.10%5,101,414
Slovakia10,0000.10%5,459,642
Republic Of The Congo10,0000.10%5,518,087
Finland10,0000.10%5,540,720
Turkmenistan10,0000.10%6,031,200
El Salvador10,0000.10%6,486,205
Kyrgyzstan10,0000.10%6,524,195
Nicaragua10,0000.10%6,624,554
Bulgaria10,0000.10%6,948,445
Paraguay10,0000.10%7,132,538
Togo10,0000.10%8,278,724
Serbia10,0000.10%8,737,371
Papua New Guinea10,0000.10%8,947,024
Belarus10,0000.10%9,449,323
Tajikistan10,0000.10%9,537,645
Hungary10,0000.10%9,660,351
Honduras10,0000.10%9,904,607
Azerbaijan10,0000.10%10,139,177
Greece10,0000.10%10,423,054
Czech Republic10,0000.10%10,708,981
Dominican Republic10,0000.10%10,847,910
Cuba10,0000.10%11,326,616
Haiti10,0000.10%11,402,528
Bolivia10,0000.10%11,673,021
Tunisia10,0000.10%11,818,619
Benin10,0000.10%12,123,200
Guinea10,0000.10%13,132,795
Zimbabwe10,0000.10%14,862,924
Chad10,0000.10%16,425,864
Ecuador10,0000.10%17,643,054
Guatemala10,0000.10%17,915,568
Zambia10,0000.10%18,383,955
Chile10,0000.10%19,116,201
Malawi10,0000.10%19,129,952
Romania10,0000.10%19,237,691
Mali10,0000.10%20,250,833
Burkina Faso10,0000.10%20,903,273
Ivory Coast10,0000.10%26,378,274
Cameroon10,0000.10%26,545,863
Madagascar10,0000.10%27,691,018
Venezuela10,0000.10%28,435,940
Yemen10,0000.10%29,825,964
Ghana10,0000.10%31,072,940
Mozambique10,0000.10%31,255,435
Angola10,0000.10%32,866,272
Uzbekistan10,0000.10%33,469,203
Morocco10,0000.10%36,910,560
Poland10,0000.10%37,846,611
Afghanistan10,0000.10%38,928,346
Iraq10,0000.10%40,222,493
Ukraine20,0000.10%43,733,762
Sudan10,0000.10%43,849,260
Algeria10,0000.10%43,851,044
Argentina20,0000.10%45,195,774
Uganda10,0000.10%45,741,007
Spain10,0000.10%46,754,778
Colombia10,0000.10%50,882,891
Kenya10,0000.10%53,771,296
Tanzania10,0000.10%59,734,218
Iran10,0000.10%83,992,949
Turkey40,0000.10%84,339,067
Dr Congo10,0000.10%89,561,403
Egypt10,0000.10%102,334,404
Philippines80,0000.10%109,581,078
Ethiopia10,0000.10%114,963,588
Mexico10,0000.10%128,932,753
Russia170,0000.10%145,934,462
Nigeria10,0000.10%206,139,589
Brazil250,0000.10%212,559,417
Pakistan20,0000.10%220,892,340