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Total CO2 Emissions 2022 (Metric Tons)

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Carbon Footprint by Country 2024

A carbon footprint is a measure of the total greenhouse gas emissions (primarily carbon dioxide and methane) caused by an individual, community, event, organization, service, product, or nation. A greenhouse gas (GHG) is a gas that absorbs and emits thermal radiation, creating a “greenhouse effect” that traps heat near the Earth’s surface and ultimately warms the planet.

Greenhouse gases are important in maintaining the Earth’s habitable temperature. However, an overabundance of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere can disrupt Earth’s carbon cycle and accelerate global warming. This is the scenario unfolding at present, with the main contributor of greenhouse gases being emissions caused by excessive consumption of fossil fuels. When discussing emissions on a national or global scale, carbon footprint is typically expressed in units of CO2—typically metric tons (1,000 kg/2,205 lb = 1 t), million tons (1,000,000 t = 1 Mt) or gigatons (1 billion metric tons/1,000 Mt = 1 GT).

Reducing the Carbon Footprint

Generally, developed nations have higher carbon footprints and higher CO2 emissions per country. This is largely due to their more robust energy industries, which burn large amounts of fossil fuels to provide electricity, and a larger percentage of residents who own their own automobiles, which contribute greatly to emissions. Industries such as manufacturing and meat production are also noted contributors.

Nations can reduce their carbon footprint in many ways. Methods often employed include generating electricity from renewable energy sources (solar, wind, hydroelectric) instead of fossil fuels, improving energy efficiency, promoting biofuels in transportation, reducing CO2 emissions from vehicles, recovering greenhouse gases such as methane from landfills and smokestacks, charging a carbon tax on industries that emit GHGs, and reversing deforestation.

Many countries have pledged to use these and other steps to become carbon neutral, which means they remove as much CO2 as they release. In fact, a few countries have managed to become carbon negative countries that remove even more CO2 from the air than they add to it. Individual citizens can also reduce their carbon footprint by choosing to walk, bike, carpool, or use public transportation instead of driving, using reusable containers or bottles instead of individual plastic ones, reducing overall electricity usage, and eating less red meat.

Carbon Footprint by Country

According to the European Union's Joint Research Centre, total global CO2 emissions increased from 34.1 GT in 2010 to 37.9 GT—an all-time high—in 2019. The COVID-19 pandemic and its related restrictions on travel and transportation triggered a decrease to 35.962 GT in 2020, but emissions are expected to resume increasing once 2021 totals become available. China is the largest emitter of CO2 in the world, with 11680 Mt (11.680 GT) of carbon dioxide emissions in 2020. This is just over 32% of the world’s total 2020 emissions. The United States released the second-highest amount of carbon emissions at 4.535 GT, or roughly 12.6% of the total global emissions.

Top 10 CO2-emitting countries in the world (Total CO2 in Mt) - EU JRC 2022

Country
Total CO2 Emissions 2022
China12,667
United States4,854
India2,693
Russia1,909
Japan1,083
Indonesia692
Iran686
Germany674
South Korea636
Saudi Arabia608

Total emissions, however, fall short of telling the full story. For example, sharp-eyed observers may notice that the top three emitters are also three of the most populous countries on Earth, so it stands to reason that their emissions would be higher than that of countries with a fraction as many residents. For a more accurate measure of whether a country's policies are succeeding or failing to reduce CO2 emissions, it is often helpful to examine not only total emissions, but also CO2 emissions per capita.

Top 15 Countries with the Highest CO2 Emissions per Capita (t) - EU JRC 2022

Country
CO2 Emissions per Capita 2022
Palau59
Qatar35.52
Kuwait24.9
United Arab Emirates21.75
Bahrain21.31
Trinidad and Tobago21.17
Brunei20.65
Gibraltar18.96
New Caledonia18.24
Oman17.09

By this measure, the U.S. has the thirteenth-highest per capita emissions at 13.68 tons, while Russia is 20th (11.64), Japan is 26th (8.39), China is 28th (8.20), and India is 110th with a mere 1.74 tons per capita. Meanwhile, a number of developing nations occupy the top spots, largely due to less-regulated energy, industry, and transportation industries.

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Country
Total CO2 Emissions 2022 (Metric Tons)
Total CO2 Emissions 2021 (Metric Tons)
Total CO2 Emissions 2020 (Metric Tons)
CO2 Emissions per Capita 2022 (Tons)
CO2 Emissions per Capita 2021 (Tons)
China12,66712,71812,0378.858.9
United States4,8544,7694,46714.4414.29
India2,6932,5282,3211.911.81
Russia1,9091,9331,78913.3113.46
Japan1,0831,0761,0638.618.53
Indonesia6926125942.52.23
Iran6866786578.088.04
Germany6746796378.168.22
South Korea63664361512.2612.44
Saudi Arabia60859157116.9816.75
Canada58256254515.2214.82
Mexico4884424233.563.26
Turkey4814674255.665.52
Brazil4675044482.152.34
South Africa4054194206.757.06
Australia39338839715.1215.1
United Kingdom34133932155.01
Vietnam3283383433.273.4
Italy3233212955.485.43
Poland3223272968.538.65
France3153252864.764.92
Thailand2822762744.063.98
Malaysia2782612528.237.83
Taiwan27628927511.5212.09
Egypt2662502282.52.38
Spain2542312175.484.98
Kazakhstan24623522312.8512.41
United Arab Emirates21921420121.7521.58
Pakistan1992161940.921.02
Iraq1941801704.434.22
Argentina1841811643.973.95
Algeria1771791683.974.07
Philippines1551461371.381.31
Netherlands1351451427.798.39
Ukraine1331811923.074.16
Uzbekistan1321281203.893.8
Nigeria1231231160.570.58
Kuwait1101039724.923.59
Bangladesh1091051000.630.61
Qatar10310710235.5237.52
Czech Republic102100949.559.43
Venezuela9788782.862.63
Chile9398874.965.27
Oman92898217.0916.88
Belgium9097927.728.33
Colombia8884811.741.67
Romania7780754.034.15
Morocco7376681.922.02
Turkmenistan70696711.2711.22
Libya6363469.29.33
Israel6260604.244.16
Peru6256481.811.65
Austria6166636.947.45
Belarus5760586.126.35
Greece5754525.144.89
North Korea5455532.092.11
Singapore5355548.859.19
Bulgaria5046397.326.64
Hungary4751504.955.37
Ecuador4643362.592.45
Norway4244437.628.04
Portugal4140414.073.88
Bahrain38383721.3121.69
Sweden3838393.693.73
Ireland3836347.617.34
Myanmar3737360.670.67
Finland3739396.646.98
Azerbaijan3737353.623.65
Switzerland3637364.114.19
Tunisia3635292.962.92
Slovakia3536326.466.65
Hong Kong3234354.244.53
New Zealand3235356.587.09
Trinidad and Tobago29292921.1721.21
Denmark2931284.995.25
Syria2827261.381.39
Cuba2524242.152.1
Sudan2524220.40.41
Ghana2424220.760.77
Lebanon2423224.053.82
Jordan2423212.272.23
Dominican Republic2323232.072.07
Mongolia2222226.716.82
Bolivia2222181.851.87
Bosnia and Herzegovina2222236.266.24
Kenya2221190.380.38
Ethiopia2121190.180.18
Angola2022210.580.64
Laos2020192.742.78
Guatemala2020181.081.1
Sri Lanka1921220.871
Cambodia1818171.031.03
Croatia1717174.234.16
Tanzania1717150.250.26
Nepal1616150.510.51
Ivory Coast1414130.530.53
Slovenia1414146.76.86
Lithuania1314144.694.95
Puerto Rico1313123.473.53
Yemen1212120.390.4
Senegal1212110.670.66
Georgia1212113.13.07
Panama1111102.582.5
Estonia1112128.398.97
Honduras111091.061.02
Tajikistan111091.071.08
Kyrgyzstan101091.61.59
Zimbabwe101090.550.53
Cameroon1011100.370.4
Mozambique10980.290.27
Paraguay101081.371.39
Benin10990.750.75
Brunei9101020.6521.85
Zambia9980.470.46
Moldova9992.172.3
Costa Rica9871.681.6
Uruguay9972.432.43
North Macedonia8883.993.99
Botswana8763.292.74
El Salvador8871.221.16
Luxembourg89812.2614.12
Uganda8770.150.15
Cyprus7776.16.11
Mali7660.310.31
Latvia7773.613.86
Armenia6772.152.36
Jamaica6662.082.09
Burkina Faso6650.260.26
Nicaragua6550.880.84
Afghanistan6650.140.14
Malawi6550.260.25
Gabon6662.462.55
New Caledonia55518.2418.29
Equatorial Guinea5653.373.84
Papua New Guinea5540.520.52
Mauritania5440.920.9
Albania4441.521.48
Namibia4441.531.43
Mauritius4443.353.16
Guinea4430.260.26
Guyana4434.764.71
Iceland43310.238.9
DR Congo4430.040.04
Haiti3330.30.29
Suriname3335.65.63
Madagascar3330.110.11
Reunion3333.012.94
Niger3320.10.1
Togo2220.280.28
Maldives2224.624.58
Chad2220.120.13
Curacao22212.4112.05
Malta2223.933.84
Bhutan2222.012.01
Fiji2221.811.78
Rwanda2210.120.12
Liberia2210.30.3
Bahamas1113.493.39
Palau1115960.4
Eswatini1110.910.81
Sierra Leone1110.130.13
Seychelles11111.2911.08
Cape Verde1111.741.69
French Polynesia1113.253.19
Somalia1110.060.06
Burundi1110.070.07
Guadeloupe1112.021.96
Martinique1112.342.25
Eritrea1110.140.14
Lesotho1110.330.3
Djibouti1110.740.74
Barbados1112.342.26
Gibraltar11118.9618.3
Gambia1110.250.25
Timor Leste1110.40.39
Greenland0008.177.71
Aruba0004.254.09
Samoa0001.751.72
Guinea Bissau0000.170.16
French Guiana0001.111.14
Comoros0000.380.38
Solomon Islands0000.470.47
Bermuda0005.295.09
Cayman Islands0004.734.55
Central African Republic0000.050.06
Antigua and Barbuda0002.592.52
Belize0000.650.63
Saint Lucia0001.391.35
Western Sahara0000.390.39
Vanuatu0000.710.71
Tonga0001.481.46
Sao Tome and Principe0000.70.76
Grenada0001.11.08
Cook Islands0006.346.2
Saint Kitts and Nevis0001.761.69
Turks and Caicos Islands0002.332.3
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines0000.750.72
Kiribati0000.590.58
Dominica0000.920.87
British Virgin Islands0001.961.89
Saint Pierre and Miquelon0005.35.38
Anguilla0001.521.47
Falkland Islands0007.267.25
showing: 203 rows

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Country
% of World's CO2 Emissions 2022
Tons CO2 Emitted per $1k GDP 2020
Tons CO2 Emitted per $1k GDP 2021
Tons CO2 Emitted per $1k GDP 2022
Afghanistan0.01%0.070.090.09
Albania0.01%0.110.110.10
Algeria0.46%0.360.370.35
Angola0.05%0.100.110.10
Anguilla0%0.110.100.09
Antigua and Barbuda0%0.160.140.14
Argentina0.48%0.180.180.18
Armenia0.02%0.180.170.14
Aruba0%0.130.110.09
Australia1.02%0.320.300.30
Austria0.16%0.140.140.12
Azerbaijan0.1%0.250.250.24
Bahamas0%0.140.110.10
Bahrain0.1%0.520.520.50
Bangladesh0.28%0.110.110.10
Barbados0%0.170.170.16
Belarus0.15%0.320.320.33
Belgium0.23%0.160.160.15
Belize0%0.070.070.07
Benin0.02%0.210.210.21
Bermuda0%0.070.060.06
Bhutan0%0.190.200.21
Bolivia0.06%0.200.220.22
Bosnia and Herzegovina0.06%0.470.420.40
Botswana0.02%0.180.170.20
Brazil1.21%0.150.160.14
British Virgin Islands0%0.060.060.05
Brunei0.02%0.350.370.36
Bulgaria0.13%0.250.270.29
Burkina Faso0.02%0.110.120.12
Burundi0%0.100.100.10
Cambodia0.05%0.240.240.23
Cameroon0.03%0.110.110.10
Canada1.51%0.310.300.31
Cape Verde0%0.250.250.22
Cayman Islands0%0.070.060.06
Central African Republic0%0.060.060.06
Chad0.01%0.080.090.08
Chile0.24%0.200.200.18
China32.88%0.520.510.49
Colombia0.23%0.120.110.11
Comoros0%0.120.130.13
Congo0.02%0.380.380.39
Cook Islands0%
Costa Rica0.02%0.070.070.08
Croatia0.04%0.160.140.13
Cuba0.06%0.090.090.09
Curacao0.01%0.680.620.57
Cyprus0.02%0.190.200.19
Czech Republic0.26%0.230.230.23
Denmark0.08%0.090.090.08
Djibouti0%0.130.140.14
Dominica0%0.090.080.08
Dominican Republic0.06%0.130.110.11
DR Congo0.01%0.040.030.03
Ecuador0.12%0.200.230.24
Egypt0.69%0.180.190.19
El Salvador0.02%0.130.130.13
Equatorial Guinea0.01%0.230.230.20
Eritrea0%0.050.050.05
Estonia0.03%0.240.230.21
Eswatini0%0.120.110.12
Ethiopia0.05%0.070.070.07
Falkland Islands0%
Faroes0%
Fiji0%0.160.170.15
Finland0.1%0.150.140.14
France0.82%0.100.110.10
French Guiana0%0.170.190.17
French Polynesia0%
Gabon0.01%0.180.170.17
Gambia0%0.100.110.11
Georgia0.03%0.220.210.19
Germany1.75%0.150.150.15
Ghana0.06%0.130.130.13
Gibraltar0%0.220.220.23
Greece0.15%0.180.170.17
Greenland0%000
Grenada0%0.070.070.07
Guadeloupe0%
Guatemala0.05%0.130.130.13
Guinea0.01%0.100.100.10
Guinea-Bissau0%0.080.090.09
Guyana0.01%0.230.210.14
Haiti0.01%0.100.100.11
Honduras0.03%0.170.180.18
Hong Kong0.08%0.080.080.08
Hungary0.12%0.160.160.14
Iceland0.01%0.160.160.17
India6.99%0.270.270.27
Indonesia1.8%0.190.190.20
Iran1.78%0.520.510.51
Iraq0.5%0.450.470.47
Ireland0.1%0.080.070.07
Israel0.16%0.150.140.14
Italy0.84%0.130.130.13
Ivory Coast0.04%0.100.100.09
Jamaica0.02%0.230.220.21
Japan2.81%0.210.210.21
Jordan0.06%0.210.220.22
Kazakhstan0.64%0.470.470.48
Kenya0.06%0.080.080.08
Kiribati0%0.290.280.28
Kuwait0.29%0.510.530.52
Kyrgyzstan0.03%0.290.310.29
Laos0.05%0.340.350.34
Latvia0.02%0.120.120.11
Lebanon0.06%0.280.310.33
Lesotho0%0.140.140.15
Liberia0%0.200.210.21
Libya0.16%0.450.460.47
Lithuania0.03%0.140.130.12
Luxembourg0.02%0.110.120.10
Macao0.01%0.060.050.07
Madagascar0.01%0.070.070.07
Malawi0.01%0.180.180.19
Malaysia0.72%0.290.290.29
Maldives0.01%0.300.220.20
Mali0.02%0.130.140.14
Malta0%0.080.070.07
Martinique0%
Mauritania0.01%0.170.180.18
Mauritius0.01%0.150.150.15
Mexico1.27%0.180.180.20
Moldova0.02%0.280.260.26
Mongolia0.06%0.560.570.54
Morocco0.19%0.240.250.24
Mozambique0.03%0.210.230.24
Myanmar0.1%0.140.170.17
Namibia0.01%0.170.170.18
Nepal0.04%0.140.140.13
Netherlands0.35%0.150.150.13
New Caledonia0.01%0.640.690.64
New Zealand0.08%0.160.150.14
Nicaragua0.01%0.140.140.14
Niger0.01%0.080.090.08
Nigeria0.32%0.110.120.11
North Korea0.14%0.430.450.44
North Macedonia0.02%0.230.240.24
Norway0.11%0.130.120.11
Oman0.24%0.550.570.57
Pakistan0.52%0.170.180.16
Palau0%4.455.356.23
Panama0.03%0.080.080.08
Papua New Guinea0.01%0.120.130.12
Paraguay0.03%0.090.110.11
Peru0.16%0.130.130.14
Philippines0.4%0.160.160.16
Poland0.84%0.240.250.23
Portugal0.11%0.120.110.11
Puerto Rico0.03%0.120.120.11
Qatar0.27%0.410.430.39
Reunion0.01%
Romania0.2%0.130.140.12
Russia4.96%0.460.470.47
Rwanda0%0.050.050.05
Saint Helena0%
Saint Kitts and Nevis0%0.080.080.07
Saint Lucia0%0.120.100.09
Saint Pierre and Miquelon0%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines0%0.060.060.05
Samoa0%0.260.290.31
Sao Tome and Principe0%0.180.190.17
Saudi Arabia1.58%0.350.350.33
Senegal0.03%0.190.200.20
Serbia and Montenegro0.15%0.380.340.33
Seychelles0%0.400.390.37
Sierra Leone0%0.070.080.08
Singapore0.14%0.100.090.09
Slovakia0.09%0.190.200.20
Slovenia0.04%0.170.170.16
Solomon Islands0%0.180.180.20
Somalia0%0.050.050.05
South Africa1.05%0.560.530.50
South Korea1.65%0.280.280.27
Spain0.66%0.130.130.13
Sri Lanka0.05%0.080.070.07
Sudan0.06%0.130.140.15
Suriname0.01%0.280.360.36
Sweden0.1%0.070.070.07
Switzerland 0.09%0.060.060.06
Syria0.07%1.131.171.22
Taiwan0.72%0.210.200.17
Tajikistan0.03%0.270.270.26
Tanzania0.04%0.100.100.10
Thailand0.73%0.230.230.23
Timor-Leste0%0.090.080.10
Togo0.01%0.120.130.12
Tonga0%0.230.250.26
Trinidad and Tobago0.08%0.830.830.81
Tunisia0.09%0.240.280.27
Turkey1.25%0.180.170.17
Turkmenistan0.18%0.750.700.69
Turks and Caicos Islands0%0.110.100.10
Uganda0.02%0.070.070.07
Ukraine0.34%0.370.340.35
United Arab Emirates0.57%0.320.330.31
United Kingdom0.88%0.110.110.11
United States12.6%0.220.230.23
Uruguay0.02%0.090.110.10
Uzbekistan0.34%0.470.470.46
Vanuatu0%0.230.240.24
Venezuela0.25%0.510.580.59
Vietnam0.85%0.340.330.29
Western Sahara0%
Yemen0.03%0.090.100.10
Zambia0.02%0.140.140.14
Zimbabwe0.03%0.280.280.29
showing: 208 rows

Carbon Footprint by Country 2024

Which country has the highest carbon footprint?

China is the country with the highest carbon footprint in the world.

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