CO2 Emissions by Country 2022

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Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are greenhouse gases resulting from the burning of fossil fuels. A greenhouse gas (GHG) is a gas that absorbs and emits thermal radiation, creating a "greenhouse effect." While carbon dioxide is important in keeping the Earth a habitable temperature, the excessive CO2 emissions caused by the increasing consumption of fossil fuels disrupt Earth's carbon cycle and accelerate global warming.

Global warming and climate change have several ecological impacts, such as floods, extreme storms, sea-level rise, and disturbed water systems. CO2 emissions contribute to a country's pollution levels.

Between 2010 and 2019, total global CO2 emissions have increased from 33.1 gigatons to 38 gigatons and are projected to increase in the coming years. Unfortunately, CO2 emissions are increasing worldwide, and the nations that are emitting the highest amounts are not doing enough to reduce emissions.

There are several ways for individuals to reduce their carbon footprint. Some are eating less red meat, choosing to walk, bike, carpool, or public transportation instead of driving their cars, and using reusable containers or bottles instead of buying individual packaging.

In general, developed countries have higher CO2 emissions. In the United States, energy use has increased in the past five years, most likely due to greater heating and cooling demands and lower oil prices, increasing the number of people traveling. This increase comes after almost a decade of a decrease in energy use. Developed countries such as Denmark, Luxembourg, and Switzerland are among the most environmentally friendly, implementing green initiatives to reduce their carbon footprint and overall improve their environmental health. The world can look at these developed countries to lead the initiatives for lowering CO2 emissions.

China has the highest level of CO2 emissions, producing 11.535 gigatons of CO2 emissions in 2019, followed by the United States with 5.243 gigatons. Below are each country's total CO2 emissions for 2019 and their share of total global CO2 emissions.

CO2 Emissions by Country 2022

* Data is for carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion in tons in 2015
Country CO2 Total Emissions (Mton) % World Total 2022 Population
China11,535.2030.34%1,448,471,400
United States5,107.2613.43%334,805,269
India2,597.366.83%1,406,631,776
Russia1,792.024.71%145,805,947
Japan1,153.723.03%125,584,838
Germany702.601.85%83,883,596
Iran701.991.85%86,022,837
South Korea651.871.71%51,329,899
Indonesia625.661.65%279,134,505
Saudi Arabia614.611.62%35,844,909
Canada584.851.54%38,388,419
South Africa494.861.30%60,756,135
Mexico4851.26%131,562,772
Brazil478.151.26%215,353,593
Australia433.381.14%26,068,792
Turkey415.781.09%85,561,976
United Kingdom364.910.96%68,497,907
Italy331.560.87%60,262,770
Poland317.650.84%37,739,785
France314.740.83%65,584,518
Vietnam305.250.80%98,953,541
Kazakhstan277.360.73%19,205,043
Taiwan276.780.73%23,888,595
Thailand275.060.72%70,078,203
Spain259.310.68%46,719,142
Egypt255.370.67%106,156,692
Malaysia248.830.65%33,181,072
Pakistan223.630.59%229,488,994
United Arab Emirates222.610.59%10,081,785
Argentina199.410.52%46,010,234
Iraq197.61197.61%42,164,965
Ukraine196.400.52%43,192,122
Algeria180.570.47%45,350,148
Netherlands156.410.41%17,211,447
Philippines150.640.40%112,508,994
Bangladesh110.160.29%167,885,689
Venezuela110.060.29%29,266,991
Qatar106.530.28%2,979,915
Czech Republic105.690.28%10,736,784
Belgium104.410.27%11,668,278
Nigeria100.220.26%216,746,934
Kuwait98.950.26%4,380,326
Uzbekistan94.990.25%34,382,084
Oman92.780.24%5,323,993
Turkmenistan90.520.24%6,201,943
Chile89.890.24%19,250,195
Colombia86.550.23%51,512,762
Romania78.630.21%19,031,335
Morocco73.910.19%37,772,756
Austria72.360.19%9,066,710
Serbia70.690.19%8,653,016
Israel68.330.18%8,922,892
Belarus66.340.17%9,432,800
Greece65.570.17%10,316,637
Peru56.290.15%33,684,208
Singapore53.370.14%5,943,546
Hungary53.180.14%9,606,259
Libya52.050.14%7,040,745
Portugal48.470.13%10,140,570
Myanmar48.310.13%55,227,143
Norway47.990.13%5,511,370
Sweden44.750.12%10,218,971
Hong Kong44.020.12%7,604,299
Finland43.410.11%5,554,960
Bulgaria43.310.11%6,844,597
North Korea42.170.11%25,990,679
Ecuador40.700.11%18,113,361
Switzerland39.370.10%8,773,637
New Zealand38.670.10%4,898,203
Ireland36.550.10%5,020,199
Slovakia35.990.09%5,460,193
Azerbaijan35.980.09%10,300,205
Mongolia35.930.09%3,378,078
Bahrain35.440.09%1,783,983
Bosnia And Herzegovina33.500.09%3,249,317
Trinidad And Tobago32.740.09%1,406,585
Tunisia32.070.08%12,046,656
Denmark31.120.08%5,834,950
Cuba31.040.08%11,305,652
Syria29.160.08%19,364,809
Jordan28.340.07%10,300,869
Sri Lanka27.570.07%21,575,842
Lebanon27.440.07%6,684,849
Dominican Republic27.280.07%11,056,370
Angola25.820.07%35,027,343
Bolivia24.510.06%11,992,656
Sudan22.570.06%45,992,020
South Sudan22.570.06%11,618,511
Guatemala21.200.06%18,584,039
Kenya19.810.05%56,215,221
Croatia19.120.05%4,059,286
Estonia18.500.05%1,321,910
Ethiopia18.250.05%120,812,698
Ghana16.840.04%32,395,450
Cambodia16.490.04%17,168,639
New Caledonia15.660.04%290,915
Slovenia15.370.04%2,078,034
Nepal15.020.04%30,225,582
Lithuania13.770.04%2,661,708
Ivory Coast13.560.04%27,742,298
Georgia13.470.04%3,968,738
Tanzania13.340.04%63,298,550
Kyrgyzstan11.920.03%6,728,271
Panama11.630.03%4,446,964
Afghanistan110.03%40,754,388
Yemen10.890.03%31,154,867
Zimbabwe10.860.03%15,331,428
Honduras10.360.03%10,221,247
Cameroon10.100.03%27,911,548
Senegal9.810.03%17,653,671
Luxembourg9.740.03%642,371
Mozambique9.260.02%33,089,461
Moldova9.230.02%4,013,171
Costa Rica8.980.02%5,182,354
Tajikistan8.920.02%9,957,464
North Macedonia8.920.02%2,081,304
Paraguay8.470.02%7,305,843
Latvia8.380.02%1,848,837
Benin8.150.02%12,784,726
Mauritania7.660.02%4,901,981
Zambia7.500.02%19,470,234
Jamaica7.440.02%2,985,094
Cyprus7.410.02%1,223,387
El Salvador7.150.02%6,550,389
Botswana7.040.02%2,441,162
Brunei7.020.02%445,431
Laos6.780.02%7,481,023
Uruguay6.560.02%3,496,016
Armenia5.920.02%2,971,966
Curacao5.910.02%165,529
Nicaragua5.860.02%6,779,100
Republic of the Congo5.800.02%5,797,805
Albania5.660.01%2,866,374
Uganda5.340.01%48,432,863
Namibia4.400.01%2,633,874
Mauritius4.330.01%1,274,727
Madagascar4.200.01%29,178,077
Papua New Guinea4.070.01%9,292,169
Iceland3.930.01%345,393
Puerto Rico3.910.01%2,829,812
Barbados3.830.01%288,023
Burkina Faso3.640.01%22,102,838
Haiti3.580.01%11,680,283
Gabon3.480.01%2,331,533
Equatorial Guinea3.470.01%1,496,662
DR Congo2.980.01%95,240,792
Guinea2.920.01%13,865,691
Togo2.850.01%8,680,837
Bahamas2.450.01%400,516
Niger2.360.01%26,083,660
Bhutan2.120.01%787,941
Suriname2.060.01%596,831
Martinique1.950.01%374,087
Guadeloupe1.870.00%399,794
Malawi1.620.00%20,180,839
Guyana1.520.00%794,045
Sierra Leone1.400.00%8,306,436
Fiji1.360.00%909,466
Palau1.330.00%18,233
Liberia1.210.00%5,305,117
Rwanda1.150.00%13,600,464
Eswatini1.140.00%1,184,817
Djibouti1.050.00%1,016,097
Seychelles1.050.00%99,426
Malta1.040.00%444,033
Mali1.030.00%21,473,764
Somalia0.970.00%16,841,795
Maldives0.910.00%540,985
Chad0.890.00%17,413,580
Aruba0.780.00%107,609
Eritrea0.750.00%3,662,244
Lesotho0.750.00%2,175,699
French Guiana0.610.00%314,169
French Polynesia0.600.00%284,164
Gambia0.590.00%2,558,482
Greenland0.540.00%56,973
Antigua And Barbuda0.510.00%99,509
Central African Republic0.490.00%5,016,678
Guinea Bissau0.440.00%2,063,367
Cayman Islands0.400.00%67,277
Timor Leste0.380.00%1,369,429
Belize0.370.00%412,190
Bermuda0.350.00%61,939
Burundi0.340.00%12,624,840
Saint Lucia0.300.00%185,113
Grenada0.230.00%113,475
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.190.00%53,871
Sao Tome And Principe0.160.00%227,679
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines0.150.00%111,551
Solomon Islands0.140.00%721,159
Samoa0.140.00%202,239
Tonga0.130.00%107,749
Vanuatu0.090.00%321,832
Saint Pierre And Miquelon0.060.00%5,759
Cook Islands0.040.00%17,571
Falkland Islands0.030.00%3,539
Anguilla0.020.00%15,230

CO2 Emissions by Country 2022

Sources