CO2 Emissions by Country 2022

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Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are greenhouse gases resulting from the burning of fossil fuels. A greenhouse gas (GHG) is a gas that absorbs and emits thermal radiation, creating a "greenhouse effect." While carbon dioxide is important in keeping the Earth a habitable temperature, the excessive CO2 emissions caused by the increasing consumption of fossil fuels disrupt Earth's carbon cycle and accelerate global warming.

Global warming and climate change have several ecological impacts, such as floods, extreme storms, sea-level rise, and disturbed water systems. CO2 emissions contribute to a country's pollution levels.

Between 2010 and 2019, total global CO2 emissions have increased from 33.1 gigatons to 38 gigatons and are projected to increase in the coming years. Unfortunately, CO2 emissions are increasing worldwide, and the nations that are emitting the highest amounts are not doing enough to reduce emissions.

There are several ways for individuals to reduce their carbon footprint. Some are eating less red meat, choosing to walk, bike, carpool, or public transportation instead of driving their cars, and using reusable containers or bottles instead of buying individual packaging.

In general, developed countries have higher CO2 emissions. In the United States, energy use has increased in the past five years, most likely due to greater heating and cooling demands and lower oil prices, increasing the number of people traveling. This increase comes after almost a decade of a decrease in energy use. Developed countries such as Denmark, Luxembourg, and Switzerland are among the most environmentally friendly, implementing green initiatives to reduce their carbon footprint and overall improve their environmental health. The world can look at these developed countries to lead the initiatives for lowering CO2 emissions.

China has the highest level of CO2 emissions, producing 11.535 gigatons of CO2 emissions in 2019, followed by the United States with 5.243 gigatons. Below are each country's total CO2 emissions for 2019 and their share of total global CO2 emissions.

CO2 Emissions by Country 2022

* Data is for carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion in tons in 2015
Country CO2 Total Emissions (Mton) % World Total 2022 Population
China11,535.2030.34%1,425,887,337
United States5,107.2613.43%338,289,857
India2,597.366.83%1,417,173,173
Russia1,792.024.71%144,713,314
Japan1,153.723.03%123,951,692
Germany702.601.85%83,369,843
Iran701.991.85%88,550,570
South Korea651.871.71%51,815,810
Indonesia625.661.65%275,501,339
Saudi Arabia614.611.62%36,408,820
Canada584.851.54%38,454,327
South Africa494.861.30%59,893,885
Mexico4851.26%127,504,125
Brazil478.151.26%215,313,498
Australia433.381.14%26,177,413
Turkey415.781.09%85,341,241
United Kingdom364.910.96%67,508,936
Italy331.560.87%59,037,474
Poland317.650.84%39,857,145
France314.740.83%64,626,628
Vietnam305.250.80%98,186,856
Kazakhstan277.360.73%19,397,998
Taiwan276.780.73%23,893,394
Thailand275.060.72%71,697,030
Spain259.310.68%47,558,630
Egypt255.370.67%110,990,103
Malaysia248.830.65%33,938,221
Pakistan223.630.59%235,824,862
United Arab Emirates222.610.59%9,441,129
Argentina199.410.52%45,510,318
Iraq197.61197.61%44,496,122
Ukraine196.400.52%39,701,739
Algeria180.570.47%44,903,225
Netherlands156.410.41%17,564,014
Philippines150.640.40%115,559,009
Bangladesh110.160.29%171,186,372
Venezuela110.060.29%28,301,696
Qatar106.530.28%2,695,122
Czech Republic105.690.28%10,493,986
Belgium104.410.27%11,655,930
Nigeria100.220.26%218,541,212
Kuwait98.950.26%4,268,873
Uzbekistan94.990.25%34,627,652
Oman92.780.24%4,576,298
Turkmenistan90.520.24%6,430,770
Chile89.890.24%19,603,733
Colombia86.550.23%51,874,024
Romania78.630.21%19,659,267
Morocco73.910.19%37,457,971
Austria72.360.19%8,939,617
Serbia70.690.19%7,221,365
Israel68.330.18%9,038,309
Belarus66.340.17%9,534,954
Greece65.570.17%10,384,971
Peru56.290.15%34,049,588
Singapore53.370.14%5,975,689
Hungary53.180.14%9,967,308
Libya52.050.14%6,812,341
Portugal48.470.13%10,270,865
Myanmar48.310.13%54,179,306
Norway47.990.13%5,434,319
Sweden44.750.12%10,549,347
Hong Kong44.020.12%7,488,865
Finland43.410.11%5,540,745
Bulgaria43.310.11%6,781,953
North Korea42.170.11%26,069,416
Ecuador40.700.11%18,001,000
Switzerland39.370.10%8,740,472
New Zealand38.670.10%5,185,288
Ireland36.550.10%5,023,109
Slovakia35.990.09%5,643,453
Azerbaijan35.980.09%10,358,074
Mongolia35.930.09%3,398,366
Bahrain35.440.09%1,472,233
Bosnia And Herzegovina33.500.09%3,233,526
Trinidad And Tobago32.740.09%1,531,044
Tunisia32.070.08%12,356,117
Denmark31.120.08%5,882,261
Cuba31.040.08%11,212,191
Syria29.160.08%22,125,249
Jordan28.340.07%11,285,869
Sri Lanka27.570.07%21,832,143
Lebanon27.440.07%5,489,739
Dominican Republic27.280.07%11,228,821
Angola25.820.07%35,588,987
Bolivia24.510.06%12,224,110
Sudan22.570.06%46,874,204
South Sudan22.570.06%10,913,164
Guatemala21.200.06%17,843,908
Kenya19.810.05%54,027,487
Croatia19.120.05%4,030,358
Estonia18.500.05%1,326,062
Ethiopia18.250.05%123,379,924
Ghana16.840.04%33,475,870
Cambodia16.490.04%16,767,842
New Caledonia15.660.04%289,950
Slovenia15.370.04%2,119,844
Nepal15.020.04%30,547,580
Lithuania13.770.04%2,750,055
Ivory Coast13.560.04%28,160,542
Georgia13.470.04%3,744,385
Tanzania13.340.04%65,497,748
Kyrgyzstan11.920.03%6,630,623
Panama11.630.03%4,408,581
Afghanistan110.03%41,128,771
Yemen10.890.03%33,696,614
Zimbabwe10.860.03%16,320,537
Honduras10.360.03%10,432,860
Cameroon10.100.03%27,914,536
Senegal9.810.03%17,316,449
Luxembourg9.740.03%647,599
Mozambique9.260.02%32,969,518
Moldova9.230.02%3,272,996
Costa Rica8.980.02%5,180,829
Tajikistan8.920.02%9,952,787
North Macedonia8.920.02%2,093,599
Paraguay8.470.02%6,780,744
Latvia8.380.02%1,850,651
Benin8.150.02%13,352,864
Mauritania7.660.02%4,736,139
Zambia7.500.02%20,017,675
Jamaica7.440.02%2,827,377
Cyprus7.410.02%1,251,488
El Salvador7.150.02%6,336,392
Botswana7.040.02%2,630,296
Brunei7.020.02%449,002
Laos6.780.02%7,529,475
Uruguay6.560.02%3,422,794
Armenia5.920.02%2,780,469
Curacao5.910.02%191,163
Nicaragua5.860.02%6,948,392
Republic of the Congo5.800.02%5,970,424
Albania5.660.01%2,842,321
Uganda5.340.01%47,249,585
Namibia4.400.01%2,567,012
Mauritius4.330.01%1,299,469
Madagascar4.200.01%29,611,714
Papua New Guinea4.070.01%10,142,619
Iceland3.930.01%372,899
Puerto Rico3.910.01%3,252,407
Barbados3.830.01%281,635
Burkina Faso3.640.01%22,673,762
Haiti3.580.01%11,584,996
Gabon3.480.01%2,388,992
Equatorial Guinea3.470.01%1,674,908
DR Congo2.980.01%99,010,212
Guinea2.920.01%13,859,341
Togo2.850.01%8,848,699
Bahamas2.450.01%409,984
Niger2.360.01%26,207,977
Bhutan2.120.01%782,455
Suriname2.060.01%618,040
Martinique1.950.01%367,507
Guadeloupe1.870.00%395,752
Malawi1.620.00%20,405,317
Guyana1.520.00%808,726
Sierra Leone1.400.00%8,605,718
Fiji1.360.00%929,766
Palau1.330.00%18,055
Liberia1.210.00%5,302,681
Rwanda1.150.00%13,776,698
Eswatini1.140.00%1,201,670
Djibouti1.050.00%1,120,849
Seychelles1.050.00%107,118
Malta1.040.00%533,286
Mali1.030.00%22,593,590
Somalia0.970.00%17,597,511
Maldives0.910.00%523,787
Chad0.890.00%17,723,315
Aruba0.780.00%106,445
Eritrea0.750.00%3,684,032
Lesotho0.750.00%2,305,825
French Guiana0.610.00%304,557
French Polynesia0.600.00%306,279
Gambia0.590.00%2,705,992
Greenland0.540.00%56,466
Antigua And Barbuda0.510.00%93,763
Central African Republic0.490.00%5,579,144
Guinea Bissau0.440.00%2,105,566
Cayman Islands0.400.00%68,706
Timor Leste0.380.00%1,341,296
Belize0.370.00%405,272
Bermuda0.350.00%64,184
Burundi0.340.00%12,889,576
Saint Lucia0.300.00%179,857
Grenada0.230.00%125,438
Saint Kitts And Nevis0.190.00%47,657
Sao Tome And Principe0.160.00%227,380
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines0.150.00%103,948
Solomon Islands0.140.00%724,273
Samoa0.140.00%222,382
Tonga0.130.00%106,858
Vanuatu0.090.00%326,740
Saint Pierre And Miquelon0.060.00%5,862
Cook Islands0.040.00%17,011
Falkland Islands0.030.00%3,780
Anguilla0.020.00%15,857

CO2 Emissions by Country 2022

Sources