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Voting Status


Not Mandatory

Click on a country for details.

Countries with Mandatory Voting 2023

Mandatory voting occurs in a country when the country requires the citizens to vote. In some countries, there are penalties for not voting, while in others it is just a compulsory requirement to live there. Some countries have it in certain regions, while other countries will have the law nationwide.


Argentina is a country where failure to comply with mandatory voting laws results in penalties of a fine. Individuals in violation are not permitted to hold public office for one year after the offense. Some exceptions such as health or distance from polling stations may apply.


Australia has a fine of $20 for those that do not comply with mandatory voting laws.


Austria requires a valid reason for not voting and will levy a 1,000 schilling fine for violations, the equivalent of approximately $70 USD.


Reprimands and fines are the penalties for not voting in Belgium, but citizens can send proxies to vote for them if they hold power of attorney.


Voting is optional in Brazil for citizens that can not read, but there are fines for citizens that can and do not vote.


Cyprus considers it a criminal offense to ignore voting regulations. It could result in one month in jail and a fine.


Civil rights are removed from those in Ecuador who do not vote, although it is unclear what those rights would be.

Fiji Islands

In Fiji, the fines for not voting include a $20 fine, and a $50 fine if you don’t register to vote.


There is a $5 penalty for citizens that do not vote.


In Thailand, citizens that do not comply with voting regulations will lose their rights to vote in future elections. It is unclear how long that penalty will last, but voting is considered a serious offense. A clear cause provided will mitigate that rule and permit citizens to abstain from voting.


Uruguay is another country where suffrage played an important role in the nation’s history. The law requires every citizen of age to fulfill the requirements of voting. Fines are levied for citizens that do not.

- In Switzerland, only the canton of Schaffhausen has mandatory voting.

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Voting Status
AfghanistanNot Mandatory
AlbaniaNot Mandatory
AlgeriaNot Mandatory
American SamoaNot Mandatory
AndorraNot Mandatory
AngolaNot Mandatory
AnguillaNot Mandatory
Antigua and BarbudaNot Mandatory
ArgentinaMandatoryAges 16, 17, and anyone over 70
ArmeniaNot Mandatory
ArubaNot Mandatory
AustraliaMandatoryTravel, illness, religious objection, seasonal workers, anyone without a fixed address, not registered to vote
AustriaNot Mandatory
AzerbaijanNot Mandatory
BahamasNot Mandatory
BahrainNot Mandatory
BangladeshNot Mandatory
BarbadosNot Mandatory
BelarusNot Mandatory
BelgiumMandatoryNot registered to vote
BelizeNot Mandatory
BeninNot Mandatory
BermudaNot Mandatory
BhutanNot Mandatory
BoliviaMandatoryOver 70 years old, absent on Election Day, force majeure
Bosnia and HerzegovinaNot Mandatory
BotswanaNot Mandatory
BrazilMandatoryAges 16, 17, and anyone over 70, those not home during elections or can't read
British Virgin IslandsNot Mandatory
BruneiNot Mandatory
BulgariaNot Mandatory
Burkina FasoNot Mandatory
BurundiNot Mandatory
CambodiaNot Mandatory
CameroonNot Mandatory
CanadaNot Mandatory
Cape VerdeNot Mandatory
Cayman IslandsNot Mandatory
Central African RepublicNot Mandatory
ChadNot Mandatory
ChinaNot Mandatory
ColombiaNot Mandatory
ComorosNot Mandatory
Cook IslandsNot Mandatory
Costa RicaMandatory
CroatiaNot Mandatory
CubaNot Mandatory
CuracaoNot Mandatory
CyprusNot Mandatory
Czech RepublicNot Mandatory
DenmarkNot Mandatory
DjiboutiNot Mandatory
DominicaNot Mandatory
Dominican RepublicNot Mandatory
DR CongoMandatory
EcuadorMandatoryAges 16, 17, and anyone over 65 or who can't read
El SalvadorNot Mandatory
Equatorial GuineaNot Mandatory
EritreaNot Mandatory
EstoniaNot Mandatory
EswatiniNot Mandatory
EthiopiaNot Mandatory
Falkland IslandsNot Mandatory
Faroe IslandsNot Mandatory
FinlandNot Mandatory
FranceNot Mandatory
French GuianaNot Mandatory
French PolynesiaNot Mandatory
GabonNot Mandatory
GambiaNot Mandatory
GeorgiaNot Mandatory
GermanyNot Mandatory
GhanaNot Mandatory
GibraltarNot Mandatory
GreeceMandatoryOver 70 years old
GreenlandNot Mandatory
GrenadaNot Mandatory
GuadeloupeNot Mandatory
GuamNot Mandatory
GuatemalaNot Mandatory
GuernseyNot Mandatory
GuineaNot Mandatory
Guinea BissauNot Mandatory
GuyanaNot Mandatory
HaitiNot Mandatory
Hong KongNot Mandatory
HungaryNot Mandatory
IcelandNot Mandatory
IndiaNot Mandatory
IndonesiaNot Mandatory
IranNot Mandatory
IraqNot Mandatory
IrelandNot Mandatory
Isle of ManNot Mandatory
IsraelNot Mandatory
ItalyNot Mandatory
Ivory CoastNot Mandatory
JamaicaNot Mandatory
JapanNot Mandatory
JerseyNot Mandatory
JordanNot Mandatory
KazakhstanNot Mandatory
KenyaNot Mandatory
KiribatiNot Mandatory
KuwaitNot Mandatory
KyrgyzstanNot Mandatory
LaosNot Mandatory
LatviaNot Mandatory
LebanonNot Mandatory
LesothoNot Mandatory
LiberiaNot Mandatory
LibyaNot Mandatory
LithuaniaNot Mandatory
LuxembourgMandatoryUnder 18 or over 75 years old, live abroad
MacauNot Mandatory
MadagascarNot Mandatory
MalawiNot Mandatory
MalaysiaNot Mandatory
MaldivesNot Mandatory
MaliNot Mandatory
MaltaNot Mandatory
Marshall IslandsNot Mandatory
MartiniqueNot Mandatory
MauritaniaNot Mandatory
MauritiusNot Mandatory
MayotteNot Mandatory
MicronesiaNot Mandatory
MoldovaNot Mandatory
MonacoNot Mandatory
MongoliaNot Mandatory
MontenegroNot Mandatory
MontserratNot Mandatory
MoroccoNot Mandatory
MozambiqueNot Mandatory
MyanmarNot Mandatory
NamibiaNot Mandatory
NepalNot Mandatory
NetherlandsNot Mandatory
New CaledoniaNot Mandatory
New ZealandNot Mandatory
NicaraguaNot Mandatory
NigerNot Mandatory
NigeriaNot Mandatory
NiueNot Mandatory
North KoreaMandatory
North MacedoniaNot Mandatory
Northern Mariana IslandsNot Mandatory
NorwayNot Mandatory
OmanNot Mandatory
PakistanNot Mandatory
PalauNot Mandatory
PalestineNot Mandatory
PanamaNot Mandatory
Papua New GuineaNot Mandatory
ParaguayMandatoryOver 75 years old
PeruMandatoryOver 70 years old
PhilippinesNot Mandatory
PolandNot Mandatory
PortugalNot Mandatory
Puerto RicoNot Mandatory
QatarNot Mandatory
Republic of the CongoNot Mandatory
ReunionNot Mandatory
RomaniaNot Mandatory
RussiaNot Mandatory
RwandaNot Mandatory
Saint BarthelemyNot Mandatory
Saint Kitts and NevisNot Mandatory
Saint LuciaNot Mandatory
Saint MartinNot Mandatory
Saint Pierre and MiquelonNot Mandatory
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesNot Mandatory
San MarinoNot Mandatory
Sao Tome and PrincipeNot Mandatory
Saudi ArabiaNot Mandatory
SenegalNot Mandatory
SerbiaNot Mandatory
SeychellesNot Mandatory
Sierra LeoneNot Mandatory
SingaporeMandatoryUnder 21 years old
Sint MaartenNot Mandatory
SlovakiaNot Mandatory
SloveniaNot Mandatory
Solomon IslandsNot Mandatory
SomaliaNot Mandatory
South AfricaNot Mandatory
South KoreaNot Mandatory
South SudanNot Mandatory
SpainNot Mandatory
Sri LankaNot Mandatory
SudanNot Mandatory
SurinameNot Mandatory
SwedenNot Mandatory
SyriaNot Mandatory
TaiwanNot Mandatory
TajikistanNot Mandatory
TanzaniaNot Mandatory
Timor LesteNot Mandatory
TogoNot Mandatory
TokelauNot Mandatory
TongaNot Mandatory
Trinidad and TobagoNot Mandatory
TunisiaNot Mandatory
TurkmenistanNot Mandatory
Turks and Caicos IslandsNot Mandatory
TuvaluNot Mandatory
UgandaNot Mandatory
UkraineNot Mandatory
United Arab EmiratesNot Mandatory
United KingdomNot Mandatory
United StatesNot Mandatory
United States Virgin IslandsNot Mandatory
UzbekistanNot Mandatory
VanuatuNot Mandatory
Vatican CityNot Mandatory
VenezuelaNot Mandatory
VietnamNot Mandatory
Wallis and FutunaNot Mandatory
Western SaharaNot Mandatory
YemenNot Mandatory
ZambiaNot Mandatory
ZimbabweNot Mandatory
showing: 234 rows

Which countries have mandatory voting?

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Cyprus, Ecuador, Egypt, Fiji Islands, Greece, Italy, Lichtenstein, Luxembourg, Nauru, Paraguay, Peru, Singapore, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Uruguay requires citizens to vote.

Frequently Asked Questions