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Recognizes Israel

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Countries that Recognize Israel 2024

Israel is a country/territory in the Middle East, located near the eastern coastline of the Mediterranean Sea, where the majority of events chronicled in Christian and Jewish scriptures took place. Israel is one of the major players in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, an ongoing territorial dispute between Jews and largely Muslim Arabs in which both populations claim possession of the land. As a result of this dispute, two separate nations were formed: Israel and Palestine (composed of two smaller territories, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip).

Although Israel has been admitted to the United Nations, as of December 2020, Israel was recognized by only 165 of the U.N.'s 193 member countries. A subset of U.N. members—most of which are Arab countries and/or Muslim counties—have refused to recognize Israel as a sovereign nation. This is largely an act of political solidarity with Palestine, whose sovereignty is recognized by approximately 139 U.N. members. Determining which countries do and do not recognize Israel or Palestine is a surprisingly complex task, as some countries have pledged their recognition, but subsequently withdrawn it or simply severed political relations without formally declaring a change of policy.

Countries That Recognize Israel

Note: * denotes a country that is a member of the Arab League.

AlbaniaEgypt *LithuaniaSan Marino
AndorraEl SalvadorLuxembourgSao Tome & Principe
AngolaEquatorial GuineaMadagascarSenegal
Antigua & BarbudaEritrea *MalawiSerbia
ArgentinaEstoniaMaltaSeychelles
Armenia *EswatiniMarshall IslandsSierra Leone
AustraliaEthiopiaMauritiusSingapore
AustriaFijiMexicoSlovakia
AzerbaijanFinlandMicronesiaSlovenia
BahamasFranceMoldovaSolomon Islands
Bahrain *GabonMonacoSouth Africa
BarbadosGambiaMongoliaSouth Korea
BelarusGeorgiaMontenegroSouth Sudan
BelgiumGermanyMorocco *Spain
BelizeGhanaMozambiqueSri Lanka
BeninGreeceMyanmarSudan *
BhutanGrenadaNamibiaSuriname
BoliviaGuatemalaNauruSweden
Bosnia & HerzegovinaGuineaNepalSwitzerland
BotswanaGuinea-BissauNetherlandsTajikistan
Brazil *GuyanaNew ZealandTanzania
BulgariaHaitiNicaraguaThailand
Burkina FasoHondurasNigeriaTimor-Leste
BurundiHungaryNorth MacedoniaTogo
CambodiaIcelandNorwayTonga
CameroonIndia *PalauTrinidad & Tobago
CanadaIrelandPalestine *Turkey
Cape VerdeItalyPanamaTurkmenistan
Central African RepublicIvory CoastPapua New GuineaTuvalu
ChadJamaicaParaguayUganda
ChileJapanPeruUkraine
ChinaJordan *PhilippinesUnited Arab Emirates *
ColombiaKazakhstanPolandUnited Kingdom
Costa RicaKenyaPortugalUnited States
CroatiaKiribatiRep. of the CongoUruguay
CyprusKosovoRomaniaUzbekistan
Czech RepublicKyrgyzstanRussiaVanuatu
DenmarkLaosRwandaVatican City
DominicaLatviaSt. Kitts & NevisVietnam
Dominican RepublicLesothoSt. LuciaZambia
DR CongoLiberiaSt. Vincent & GrenadinesZimbabwe
EcuadorLiechtensteinSamoa

Recent History of Israel

At midnight on May 14, 1948, the Provisional Government of Israel issued the Israeli Declaration of Independence, a proclamation that both established the new State of Israel and declared its independence. On the same day as its creation, the United States became the first country to recognize Israel. President Harry Truman recognized the provisional Jewish government as the de facto authority of the new Jewish state. Israel has the highest Jewish population worldwide. On May 15, 1948, the day following Israel’s declaration, the first Arab-Israeli war broke out.

On May 11, 1949, nearly a year to the day after Israel's creation, the United Nations General Assembly confirmed Resolution 273, which approved Israel’s application for membership, making Israel the 59th member of the United Nations. The vote was 37 to 12 (with nine abstentions), with many countries having already recognized Israel before the official U.N. vote. Of those who voted in favor, Cuba and Venezuela have since withdrawn their recognition of Israel. Of those who voted against Israel’s admittance, six were members of the Arab League. The debate over Israel’s sovereignty continues to this day.

Countries That Do Not Recognize Israel

Note: * denotes a country that is a member of the Arab League. # denotes a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

Afghanistan #Indonesia #Maldives #Qatar #*
Algeria #*Iran #Mali #Saudi Arabia #*
Bangladesh #Iraq #*Mauritania #*Somalia #*
Brunei #Kuwait #*Niger #Syria #*
Comoros #*Lebanon #*North KoreaTunisia #*
CubaLibya *Oman #*Venezuela *
Djibouti #*Malaysia #Pakistan #Yemen #*

Of the countries that do not recognize Israel, 16 belong to the Arab League, which has 22 full members and five observer members (note: Syria's membership is currently suspended and Venezuela is an observer state without voting privileges). Four additional members of the Arab League that had previously withheld recognition: Bahrain, Morocco, Sudan, United Arab Emirates, formally recognized Israel in 2020. Moreover, 24 of the countries that do not recognize Israel are members of the 57-member Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.

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Country
Recognizes Israel
Date Recognized
Notes
Afghanistan
Denies Israeli passports.
Albania04-16-1949
Algeria
Denies Israeli passports.
Andorra04-13-1994
Angola04-16-1992
Antigua and Barbuda06-22-1983
Argentina02-14-1949
Armenia04-04-1992
Australia01-29-1949
Austria03-15-1949
Azerbaijan04-07-1992
Bahamas09-24-1974
Bahrain09-11-2020
Bangladesh
Denies Israeli passports. Bangladeshi passports are denied by Israel.
Barbados08-29-1967
Belarus05-11-1949
Belgium01-15-1950
Belize09-06-1984
Benin12-05-1961
Bhutan12-12-2020
Bolivia02-22-1949
Granted 1949, rescinded 2009, restored 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina09-26-1997
Botswana
Original date unverified. Rescinded 1973, restored Dec. 1993.
Brazil02-07-1949
Brunei
Denies Israeli passports. Brunei passports are denied by Israel.
Bulgaria12-04-1948
Rescinded June 1967, restored May 1990.
Burkina Faso07-05-1961
Rescinded Oct. 1973, restored Oct. 1993.
Burundi
Rescinded May 1973, restored Mar. 1995.
Cambodia08-30-1960
Rescinded 1975, restored Oct. 1993.
Cameroon09-15-1960
Rescinded Oct. 1973, restored Aug. 1986.
Canada05-11-1949
Cape Verde07-17-1994
Central African Republic
Original date unverified. Rescinded 1973, restored 1991.
Chad01-10-1961
Rescinded Nov. 1972, restored Jan. 2019.
Chile02-05-1949
China03-01-1949
Colombia02-01-1949
Comoros
Cook Islands01-01-2008
Precise month and day unverified.
Costa Rica06-19-1948
Croatia11-04-1997
Cuba01-14-1949
Granted 1949, but rescinded Sept. 1973.
Cyprus01-21-1961
Czech Republic05-18-1948
As Czechoslovakia. Rescinded June 1967, restored Jan. 1993.
Denmark02-02-1949
Djibouti
Dominica01-01-1978
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Dominican Republic12-29-1948
DR Congo06-26-1960
Rescinded Oct. 1973, restored May 1982.
Ecuador02-02-1949
Egypt03-26-1979
El Salvador09-11-1948
Equatorial Guinea
Original date unverified. Rescinded 1973, restored Jan 1994.
Eritrea05-06-1993
Estonia01-09-1992
Eswatini09-01-1968
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Ethiopia10-24-1961
Fiji08-01-1970
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Finland06-11-1948
France01-24-1949
Gabon09-29-1993
Rescinded Oct 1973, restored Sept. 1993.
Gambia
Original date unverified. Rescinded Oct. 1973, restored Sept. 1992.
Georgia06-01-1992
Germany05-12-1965
As West Germany.
Ghana
Original date unverified. Rescinded Oct. 1973, restored Aug. 1994.
Greece03-15-1949
Grenada01-01-1975
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Guatemala05-19-1948
Guinea
Original date unverified. Rescinded June 1967, restored July 2016.
Guinea Bissau03-01-1994
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Guyana
Original date unverified. Rescinded Mar. 1974, restored Mar. 1992.
Haiti02-26-1949
Honduras11-08-1948
Hungary05-24-1948
Rescinded 1967, restored Sept. 1989.
Iceland02-11-1949
India09-17-1950
Indonesia
Greatly limits visits from Israelis.
Iran03-14-1950
Granted 1950, but rescinded Feb. 1979. Denies Israeli passports.
Iraq
Denies Israeli passports in most circumstances. Iraqi passports are denied by Israel.
Ireland02-12-1949
Italy02-08-1949
Ivory Coast02-15-1961
Rescinded Nov. 1973, restored Feb. 1986.
Jamaica01-01-1962
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Japan05-15-1952
Jordan10-26-1994
Kazakhstan04-10-1992
Kenya12-01-1963
Precise day of month unconfirmed. Rescinded Nov. 1973, restored Dec. 1988.
Kiribati05-21-1984
Kuwait
Denies Israeli passports.
Kyrgyzstan03-01-1992
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Laos02-01-1957
Precise day of month unconfirmed. Rescinded 1973, restired Dec. 1993.
Latvia01-06-1992
Lebanon
Denies Israeli passports. Also denies entry to anyone whose passport includes Israel stamp.
Lesotho
Liberia02-11-1949
Rescinded Nov. 1973, restored Aug. 1983.
Libya
Denies Israeli passports.
Liechtenstein01-01-1992
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Lithuania01-08-1992
Luxembourg05-11-1949
Madagascar
Original date unverified. Rescinded Oct. 1983, restored Jan. 1994.
Malawi07-01-1964
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Malaysia
Denies Israeli passports. Malaysian passports are denied by Israel.
Maldives10-29-1965
Granted 1965, but rescinded 1974.
Mali
Granted, but rescinded Jan. 1973.
Malta01-01-1965
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Marshall Islands09-16-1987
Mauritania10-28-1999
Granted 1999, but rescinded Mar. 2010.
Mauritius09-29-1993
Rescinded July 1976, restored Sept. 1993.
Mexico05-11-1949
Micronesia11-23-1988
Moldova06-22-1992
Monaco01-01-1964
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Mongolia10-02-1991
Montenegro07-12-2006
Morocco11-01-1994
Rescinded Oct. 2000, restored Dec. 2020.
Mozambique07-23-1993
Myanmar07-13-1953
Namibia02-11-1994
Nauru12-01-1994
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Nepal06-01-1960
Netherlands05-11-1949
New Zealand01-29-1949
Nicaragua05-18-1948
Rescinded Jun. 2010, restored Mar. 2017.
Niger
Original date unverified. Rescinded Jan. 1973.
Nigeria01-01-1960
Precise month and day unconfirmed. Rescinded Oct. 1973, restored May 1992.
Niue01-01-2008
Precise month and day unverified.
North Korea
North Macedonia12-07-1992
As Macedonia.
Norway02-04-1949
Oman01-28-1996
Rescinded Oct. 2000.
Pakistan
Denies Israeli passports. Pakistani passports are denied by Israel.
Palau10-02-1994
Palestine01-01-1993
Palestine itself has only limited recognition and is a non-member observer in the United Nations. Pr...
Panama06-19-1948
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay09-06-1948
Peru02-09-1949
Philippines05-11-1949
Poland05-18-1948
Rescinded 1967, restored Feb. 1990.
Portugal05-12-1977
Qatar04-01-1996
Precise day of month unconfirmed. Rescinded Feb. 2009. Denies Israeli passports.
Republic of the Congo11-09-1960
Rescinded Dec. 1972, restored Oct. 1991.
Romania06-11-1948
Russia05-17-1948
As U.S.S.R. Rescinded 1967, restored Oct. 1991.
Rwanda
Original date unverified. Rescinded Oct. 1973, restored Oct. 1994.
Saint Kitts and Nevis01-01-1984
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Saint Lucia01-01-1979
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines01-01-1981
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Samoa06-01-1977
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
San Marino03-01-1995
Sao Tome and Principe11-01-1993
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Saudi Arabia
Denies Israeli passports.
Senegal01-01-1960
Precise month and day unconfirmed. Rescinded Oct. 1973, restored Aug. 1994.
Serbia05-18-1948
Seychelles09-01-1992
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Sierra Leone
Original date unverified. Rescinded Oct. 1973, restored May 1992.
Singapore05-11-1969
Slovakia05-18-1948
As Czechoslovakia. Rescinded June 1967, restored Jan. 1993.
Slovenia04-28-1992
Solomon Islands01-01-1989
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Somalia
South Africa05-24-1948
South Korea04-10-1962
South Sudan07-28-2011
Spain01-17-1986
Sri Lanka09-16-1950
Sudan10-23-2020
Suriname02-01-1976
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Sweden02-15-1949
Switzerland01-25-1949
Syria
Denies Israeli passports.
Tajikistan04-01-1992
Tanzania
Original date unverified. Rescinded Oct. 1973, restored Feb. 1995.
Thailand09-26-1950
Timor Leste08-29-2002
Togo
Rescinded Sept 1973, restored June 1987.
Tonga06-01-1977
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Trinidad and Tobago01-01-1962
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Tunisia10-03-1994
Granted 1994, but rescinded Oct. 2000.
Turkey03-28-1949
Turkmenistan10-06-1993
Tuvalu07-01-1984
Precise day of month unconfirmed.
Uganda
Original date unverified. Rescinded Mar. 1972, restored July 1994.
Ukraine05-11-1949
United Arab Emirates09-15-2020
United Kingdom05-13-1949
United States05-14-1948
Uruguay05-19-1948
Uzbekistan02-21-1992
Vanuatu12-16-1993
Vatican City06-15-1994
Vatican City is a non-member observer state in the United Nations.
Venezuela06-27-1948
Granted 1948, but rescinded Jan. 2009.
Vietnam07-12-1993
Yemen
Denies Israeli passports.
Zambia
Original date unverified. Rescinded Oct. 1973, restored Dec. 1991.
Zimbabwe11-26-1993
showing: 196 rows

Which countries recognize Israel?

165 of the UN's members, such as Albania, Egypt, Serbia, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Mexico, Spain, Belgium, The United States, and others, recognize Israel as a sovereign nation.

How many countries recognize Israel?

Of the UN's 193 member countries, only 165 of them recognize Israel as a sovereign nation. Most of the Arab and Muslim countries do not recognize it.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources