Muslim Population by Country 2020

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Muslims are people who believe in and live by the teachings of Islam. There are over two billion Muslims worldwide, making the second-largest religious following, but how do the Muslim populations compare between the countries?

Before we look at numbers, let’s walk through a brief recap of Muslims versus Islam because there tends to be a lot of overlap in ways that don’t make sense. Islam is a religion, while Muslims are followers of the religion of Islam. Another way of referring to people who identify as Muslim is by calling them followers of Islam. Referring to people as Islamic individuals is a common mistake because Islam is a religion. So it is more accurate to say Muslims, not Islams.

Within specific countries, there are populations of Muslims, and then, those populations within individual countries are then compared to the global community of Muslims. We are just going to look at each country and report its current population of Muslim people to keep it simpler.

There are approximately 1.9 billion Muslims globally, making Islam the second-largest religion in the world behind Christianity. The Islam population is mainly split between 1.5 billion Sunni Muslims and 240-340 million Shia Muslims, with some others belonging to smaller denominations.

The largest Muslim country is Indonesia, where an estimated 229 million Muslims are. This is 87.2% of the Indonesian population of 263 million and about 13% of the world’s population of Muslims. Muslims in Indonesia are about 99% Sunni, 0.5% Shia, and 0.3% Ahmadi. In Indonesia, Islam can be broadly categorized into “modernism,” following orthodox theology while embracing modern learning, or “traditionalism,” following the interpretations of local religious leaders.

Islam is the dominant religion in several countries, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Western Sahara, Iran, and more. Countries with high numbers of Muslims tend to be in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Any country where a Muslim population comprises 50% of the population is considered a Muslim majority country.

Here are the 10 countries with the highest percentage of Muslims:

  1. Mauritania (100.00%)
  2. Somalia (99.80%)
  3. Tunisia (99.80%)
  4. Afghanistan (99.60%)
  5. Iran (99.40%)
  6. Western Sahara (99.40%)
  7. Turkey (99.20%)
  8. Yemen (99.10%)
  9. Algeria (99.00%)
  10. Morocco (99.00%)

Muslim Population by Country 2020

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Muslim Population by Country 2020

Country Muslim Population Population 2020 Muslim % of Total Population Muslim % of World Population
Indonesia229,000,000273,523,61587.20%12.70%
Pakistan200,400,000220,892,34096.50%11.10%
India195,000,0001,380,004,38514.20%10.90%
Bangladesh153,700,000164,689,38390.40%9.20%
Nigeria99,000,000206,139,58949.60%5.30%
Egypt87,500,000102,334,40492.35%4.90%
Iran82,500,00083,992,94999.40%4.60%
Turkey79,850,00084,339,06799.20%4.60%
Algeria41,240,91343,851,04499.00%2.70%
Sudan39,585,77743,849,26097.00%1.90%
Iraq38,465,86440,222,49395.70%1.90%
Morocco37,930,98936,910,56099.00%2.00%
Ethiopia35,600,000114,963,58833.90%1.80%
Afghanistan34,836,01438,928,34699.60%1.80%
Saudi Arabia31,878,00034,813,87197.10%1.60%
China28,127,5001,439,323,7761.73%1.60%
Yemen27,784,49829,825,96499.10%1.50%
Uzbekistan26,550,00033,469,20396.50%1.70%
Niger21,101,92624,206,64498.30%1.00%
Russia20,000,000145,934,46213.50%1.00%
Tanzania19,426,81459,734,21835.20%0.80%
Mali17,508,39820,250,83395.00%0.80%
Syria16,700,00017,500,65893.00%1.00%
Malaysia16,318,35532,365,99961.30%1.10%
Senegal15,112,72116,743,92796.10%0.80%
Kazakhstan13,158,67218,776,70770.20%0.50%
Dr Congo12,792,15389,561,40310.00%0.10%
Burkina Faso12,141,76920,903,27361.50%0.60%
Ivory Coast11,265,78926,378,27442.90%0.50%
Tunisia11,190,00011,818,61999.80%0.60%
Somalia10,978,00015,893,22299.80%0.60%
Guinea10,563,17113,132,79589.10%0.50%
Jordan10,165,57710,203,13497.20%0.40%
Azerbaijan9,735,07410,139,17796.90%0.50%
Chad9,183,20716,425,86458.00%0.40%
Philippines7,913,542109,581,0788.00%0.45%
Cameroon7,692,28926,545,86330.00%0.40%
Tajikistan7,621,7009,537,64596.70%0.40%
Libya6,551,8716,871,29297.00%0.40%
Sierra Leone6,067,7067,976,98378.60%0.30%
France5,720,00065,273,5118.80%0.30%
Kenya5,500,00053,771,29611.20%0.20%
Uganda5,435,23445,741,00714.00%0.30%
Ghana5,058,44431,072,94018.00%0.20%
Turkmenistan4,830,0006,031,20093.30%0.30%
Germany4,750,00083,783,9425.70%0.20%
Kyrgyzstan4,679,4366,524,19580.00%0.30%
United Arab Emirates4,615,0819,890,40276.00%0.20%
Palestine4,298,0005,101,41497.50%0.30%
United Kingdom4,130,00067,886,0116.30%0.20%
Malawi3,968,51219,129,95220.00%0.10%
Mauritania3,840,4294,649,658100.00%0.20%
Mozambique3,830,06331,255,43517.90%0.30%
Lebanon3,519,7436,825,44557.70%0.20%
United States3,450,000331,002,6511.10%0.20%
Benin3,141,31912,123,20027.70%0.14%
Cambodia3,125,40116,718,9651.90%0.00%
Thailand3,000,00069,799,9784.30%0.20%
Italy2,987,84060,461,8264.80%0.10%
Eritrea2,630,0003,546,42143.80%0.10%
Madagascar2,568,36127,691,01810.00%0.00%
South Sudan2,464,68311,193,72520.00%0.00%
Oman2,427,0005,106,62685.90%0.20%
Myanmar2,391,76754,409,8004.30%0.10%
Kuwait2,175,6844,270,57174.60%0.20%
Sri Lanka2,105,00021,413,2499.70%0.10%
Gambia2,002,7432,416,66895.70%0.10%
Bosnia And Herzegovina1,955,0843,280,81950.70%0.10%
Albania1,797,6452,877,79758.80%0.10%
Togo1,593,0118,278,72420.00%0.10%
Qatar1,566,7862,881,05377.50%0.10%
Israel1,516,4828,655,53518.00%0.10%
Nepal1,292,90929,136,8084.20%0.10%
Burundi1,184,45211,890,78410.00%0.00%
Spain1,180,00046,754,7782.60%0.10%
Canada1,148,21337,742,1543.20%0.10%
Bahrain1,063,2391,701,57573.70%0.00%
South Africa1,050,00059,308,6901.90%0.00%
Liberia961,9535,057,68120.00%0.00%
Netherlands880,00017,134,8725.10%0.10%
Belgium879,37711,589,6237.60%0.00%
Central African Republic861,7594,829,76715.00%0.00%
Bulgaria861,0156,948,44513.40%0.00%
Djibouti857,496988,00097.00%0.10%
Guinea Bissau826,7941,968,00145.10%0.00%
Comoros807,204869,60198.30%0.00%
Sweden800,00010,099,2658.10%0.00%
Singapore781,5585,850,34214.70%0.00%
Brazil767,583212,559,4170.36%0.00%
Austria712,0009,006,3988.00%0.00%
Ukraine695,00043,733,7621.70%0.00%
Australia650,00025,499,8842.60%0.00%
Greece613,40610,423,0545.70%0.00%
Western Sahara599,633597,33999.40%0.00%
Rwanda576,05412,952,2184.80%0.00%
Georgia527,0913,989,16710.70%0.00%
Switzerland440,0008,654,6225.20%0.00%
Argentina400,00045,195,7740.90%0.90%
Maldives386,193540,54498.40%0.00%
Brunei355,045437,47978.80%0.00%
Cyprus350,0001,207,35928.20%0.00%
Denmark313,7135,792,2025.40%0.00%
Hong Kong295,7467,496,9814.10%0.00%
Mayotte253,439272,81597.00%0.00%
Mauritius236,0201,271,76817.30%0.00%
Serbia221,4608,737,3713.10%0.00%
Gabon211,9032,225,73410.00%0.00%
Japan185,000126,476,4610.10%0.00%
Zambia168,87718,383,9551.00%0.00%
Finland150,0005,540,7202.70%0.00%
Mongolia150,0003,278,2905.00%0.00%
Norway142,5005,421,2415.70%0.00%
Romania136,50019,237,6910.65%0.00%
Swaziland129,2301,160,16410.00%0.00%
Venezuela125,21628,435,9400.40%0.00%
Montenegro122,849628,06619.10%0.00%
Republic Of The Congo107,9975,518,0872.00%0.00%
Zimbabwe100,00014,862,9240.70%0.00%
Colombia96,33750,882,8910.20%0.00%
Vietnam96,16097,338,5790.10%0.00%
Angola90,00032,866,2720.30%0.00%
Suriname83,400586,63213.90%0.00%
Equatorial Guinea79,7451,402,98510.00%0.00%
Trinidad And Tobago78,0001,399,4885.80%0.00%
Slovenia73,5682,078,9383.60%0.00%
Belarus72,5009,449,3230.75%0.00%
Ireland70,9524,937,7861.40%0.00%
Portugal65,00010,196,7090.40%0.00%
Croatia64,0574,105,2671.50%0.00%
Taiwan60,00023,816,7750.30%0.00%
Fiji58,355896,4456.30%0.00%
Guyana55,000786,5527.30%0.00%
Hungary50,0009,660,3510.50%0.00%
New Zealand41,0004,822,2330.90%0.00%
Reunion36,364895,3124.20%0.00%
South Korea35,00051,269,1850.10%0.00%
Honduras30,0009,904,6070.30%0.00%
Panama25,0004,314,7670.70%0.00%
Luxembourg18,172625,9783.00%0.00%
Czech Republic15,00010,708,9810.15%0.00%
Moldova15,0004,033,9630.40%0.00%
Malta11,675441,5432.60%0.00%
Cape Verde11,367555,9872.00%0.00%
Cuba11,11611,326,6160.10%0.00%
Slovakia10,8665,459,6420.15%0.00%
Namibia9,6542,540,9050.40%0.00%
Botswana8,9962,351,6270.40%0.00%
New Caledonia7,000285,4982.80%0.00%
Poland6,79637,846,6110.02%0.00%
Sao Tome And Principe5,931219,1593.00%0.00%
Jamaica5,6242,961,1670.20%0.00%
Mexico5,500128,932,7530.01%0.00%
Haiti5,00011,402,5280.00%0.00%
Barbados4,396287,3751.50%0.00%
Chile4,00019,116,2010.00%0.00%
Armenia3,0382,963,2430.10%0.00%
Lesotho3,0002,142,2490.10%0.00%
Lithuania3,0002,722,2890.10%0.00%
North Korea3,00025,778,8160.10%0.00%
French Guiana2,400298,6820.90%0.00%
Andorra2,22877,2652.60%0.00%
Liechtenstein2,05038,1285.40%0.00%
El Salvador2,0006,486,2050.00%0.00%
Papua New Guinea2,0008,947,0240.00%0.00%
Dominican Republic2,00010,847,9100.00%0.00%
Bolivia2,00011,673,0210.00%0.00%
Latvia2,0001,886,1980.15%0.00%
Guadeloupe2,000400,1240.40%0.00%
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines2,000110,9401.70%0.00%
Estonia1,5081,326,5350.00%0.00%
Guatemala1,20017,915,5680.00%0.00%
Gibraltar1,15033,6914.00%0.00%
Seychelles1,03698,3471.10%0.00%
Puerto Rico1,0002,860,8530.00%0.00%
Nicaragua1,0006,624,5540.00%0.00%
Paraguay1,0007,132,5380.00%0.00%
Laos1,0007,275,5600.00%0.00%
Vatican City8010.00%0.00%
Tokelau1,3570.00%0.00%
Niue1,6260.00%0.00%
Falkland Islands3,4800.00%0.00%
Nauru10,8240.00%0.00%
Wallis And Futuna11,2390.00%0.00%
Cook Islands17,5640.00%0.00%
Palau18,0940.00%0.00%
San Marino33,9310.00%0.00%
Turks And Caicos Islands38,7170.00%0.00%
Faroe Islands48,8630.00%0.00%
American Samoa55,1910.00%0.00%
Greenland56,7700.00%0.00%
Marshall Islands59,1900.00%0.00%
Tonga105,6950.00%0.00%
Micronesia115,0230.00%0.00%
Kiribati119,4490.00%0.00%
Guam168,7750.00%0.00%
Samoa198,4140.00%0.00%
French Polynesia280,9080.00%0.00%
Vanuatu307,1450.00%0.00%
Solomon Islands686,8840.00%0.00%
Uruguay3,473,7300.00%0.00%
Costa Rica5,094,1180.00%0.00%
Ecuador17,643,0540.00%0.00%
Peru32,971,8540.00%0.00%
Montserrat4,9920.10%0.00%
Tuvalu11,7920.10%0.00%
United States Virgin Islands104,4250.10%0.00%
Saint Lucia183,6270.10%0.00%
Bahamas393,2440.10%0.00%
Macau649,3350.10%0.00%
Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,7940.20%0.00%
Cayman Islands65,7220.20%0.00%
Dominica71,9860.20%0.00%
Isle Of Man85,0330.20%0.00%
Iceland341,2430.20%0.00%
Martinique375,2650.20%0.00%
Belize397,6280.20%0.00%
Bhutan771,6080.20%0.00%
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,1990.30%0.00%
Antigua And Barbuda97,9290.30%0.00%
Grenada112,5230.30%0.00%
Aruba106,7660.40%0.00%
Anguilla15,0030.60%0.00%
Northern Mariana Islands57,5590.70%0.00%
Monaco39,2420.80%0.00%
Bermuda62,2781.00%0.00%
British Virgin Islands30,2311.20%0.00%