US Passport Visa-Free Countries 2021

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A United States passport is a powerful document to have, ranking 7th in terms of travel freedom according to the 2021 Henley Passport Index. The Henley Passport Index is a global ranking of countries' passports according to the travel freedom they afford their holders. The U.S. passport is tied for 7th place with passports from several other countries: Czech Republic, Greece, Malta, Norway, and the United Kingdom.

Where can U.S. passport holders travel visa-free?

As of October 1, 2021, US citizens can travel visa-free to 185 countries and territories (though a few require a visa on arrival). Note, however, that some of these countries do implement stiffer requirements after one has stayed a certain length of time—typically 30, 60, 90, or 180 days.

Perhaps most importantly considering Europe's popularity as a vacation destination, US citizens do not need a tourist visa to enter any of the 27 countries of the European Union—or the United Kingdom, which recently left the EU.

Countries that still require a visa ... and possibly something more

In countries where visas are required, travelers must typically pay registration fees, departure taxes, and travel fees. For example, if a U.S. citizen wants to travel to Russia, a visa is required, can take up to three weeks to process, and costs $139.

Many countries require potential visitors to be fingerprinted and photographed. Additionally, countries including Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Niger, require an International Certificate of Vaccination. This practice has become particularly prevalent since the global COVID-19 pandemic that began in early 2020.

Finally, some countries screen potential visitors based upon their previous destinations. In Libya, Sudan, and Syria, anyone with Israeli entry or exit stamps on their passport may be denied entry into the country.

China also requires a travel visa for US citizens. The application must include travel dates, itinerary, and proof of onward travel out of China. The application must also be typed and have no handwritten corrections. Additionally, every visitor to China between the ages of 14 and 70 is fingerprinted upon arrival and departure.

Which country is off-limits to U.S. citizens?

US citizens are not permitted to travel to North Korea, with or without a visa. The travel ban took effect in 2017 after a United States student died after being released from a North Korean prison. Failure to adhere to the rules can result in criminal penalties and having one's passport revoked. To travel to North Korea, US passport holders need to obtain a special passport validation from the United States government.

Always double-check before departure

Before traveling, it is necessary to check the visa requirements of one's destination. It's also important to check any travel advisories a country might have, which are issued by the U.S. Department of State for unsafe countries.

US Passport Visa-Free Countries 2021

Country Visa Requirements Travel Advisory Level 2021 Population
AfghanistanRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel39,835,428
AlbaniaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel2,872,933
AlgeriaRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel44,616,624
American SamoaETA55,100
AndorraNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel77,355
AngolaRequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel33,933,610
AnguillaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel15,117
Antigua And BarbudaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel98,731
ArgentinaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel45,605,826
ArmeniaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel2,968,127
ArubaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel107,204
AustraliaETALevel 3: Reconsider Travel25,788,215
AustriaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel9,043,070
AzerbaijanRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel10,223,342
BahamasNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel396,913
BahrainOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel1,748,296
BangladeshOn ArrivalLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution166,303,498
BarbadosNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel287,711
BelarusRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel9,442,862
BelgiumNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel11,632,326
BelizeNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel404,914
BeninRequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel12,451,040
BermudaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel62,090
BhutanRequiredLevel 1: Exercise Normal Precautions779,898
BoliviaOn ArrivalLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution11,832,940
Bosnia And HerzegovinaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel3,263,466
BotswanaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel2,397,241
BrazilNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel213,993,437
British Virgin IslandsNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel30,421
BruneiNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel441,532
BulgariaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel6,896,663
Burkina FasoOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel21,497,096
BurundiRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel12,255,433
CambodiaOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel16,946,438
CameroonRequiredLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution27,224,265
CanadaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel38,067,903
Cayman IslandsNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel66,497
Central African RepublicNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel4,919,981
ChadRequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel16,914,985
ChileNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel19,212,361
ChinaRequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel1,444,216,107
ColombiaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel51,265,844
Cook IslandsNot Required17,565
Costa RicaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel5,139,052
CroatiaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel4,081,651
CubaRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel11,317,505
CuracaoNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel164,798
CyprusNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel1,215,584
Czech RepublicNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel10,724,555
DenmarkNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel5,813,298
DjiboutiRequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel1,002,187
DominicaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel72,167
Dominican RepublicNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel10,953,703
DR CongoRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel92,377,993
EcuadorNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel17,888,475
EgyptOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel104,258,327
El SalvadorNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel6,518,499
Equatorial GuineaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel1,449,896
EritreaRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel3,601,467
EstoniaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel1,325,185
EswatiniNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel1,172,362
EthiopiaOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel117,876,227
Falkland IslandsNot Required3,533
Faroe IslandsNot Required49,049
FijiNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel902,906
FinlandNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel5,548,360
FranceNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel65,426,179
French GuianaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel306,448
French PolynesiaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel282,530
GabonOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel2,278,825
GambiaOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel2,486,945
GeorgiaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel3,979,765
GermanyNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel83,900,473
GhanaRequiredLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution31,732,129
GibraltarNot Required33,698
GreeceNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel10,370,744
GreenlandNot Required56,877
GrenadaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel113,021
GuamNot Required170,179
GuatemalaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel18,249,860
GuineaRequiredLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution13,497,244
Guinea BissauOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel2,015,494
GuyanaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel790,326
HaitiNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel11,541,685
HondurasNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel10,062,991
Hong KongNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel7,552,810
HungaryNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel9,634,164
IcelandNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel343,353
IndiaRequiredLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution1,393,409,038
IndonesiaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel276,361,783
IranRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel85,028,759
IraqNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel41,179,350
IrelandNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel4,982,907
IsraelNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel8,789,774
ItalyNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel60,367,477
Ivory CoastRequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel27,053,629
JamaicaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel2,973,463
JapanNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel126,050,804
JordanOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel10,269,021
KazakhstanNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel18,994,962
KenyaRequiredLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution54,985,698
KiribatiNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel121,392
KuwaitOn ArrivalLevel 1: Exercise Normal Precautions4,328,550
KyrgyzstanNot RequiredLevel 1: Exercise Normal Precautions6,628,356
LaosOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel7,379,358
LatviaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel1,866,942
LebanonOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel6,769,146
LesothoNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel2,159,079
LiberiaRequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel5,180,203
LibyaRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel6,958,532
LiechtensteinNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel38,250
LithuaniaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel2,689,862
LuxembourgNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel634,814
MadagascarOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel28,427,328
MalawiOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel19,647,684
MalaysiaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel32,776,194
MaldivesOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel543,617
MaliRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel20,855,735
MaltaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel442,784
Marshall IslandsNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel59,610
MauritaniaOn ArrivalLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution4,775,119
MauritiusNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel1,273,433
MayotteNot Required279,515
MexicoNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel130,262,216
MicronesiaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel116,254
MoldovaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel4,024,019
MonacoNot Required39,511
MongoliaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel3,329,289
MontenegroNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel628,053
MontserratNot RequiredLevel 1: Exercise Normal Precautions4,977
MoroccoNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel37,344,795
MozambiqueOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel32,163,047
MyanmarRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel54,806,012
NamibiaNot RequiredLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution2,587,344
NauruRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel10,876
NepalOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel29,674,920
NetherlandsNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel17,173,099
New CaledoniaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel288,218
New ZealandETALevel 3: Reconsider Travel4,860,643
NicaraguaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel6,702,385
NigerRequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel25,130,817
NigeriaRequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel211,400,708
NiueNot Required1,619
North KoreaForbiddenLevel 4: Do Not Travel25,887,041
North MacedoniaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel2,082,658
Northern Mariana IslandsNot Required57,917
NorwayNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel5,465,630
OmanNot RequiredLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution5,223,375
PakistanRequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel225,199,937
PalestineNot Required5,222,748
PanamaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel4,381,579
Papua New GuineaOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel9,119,010
ParaguayOn ArrivalLevel 1: Exercise Normal Precautions7,219,638
PeruNot RequiredLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution33,359,418
PhilippinesNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel111,046,913
PolandNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel37,797,005
PortugalNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel10,167,925
Puerto RicoNot Required2,828,255
QatarNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel2,930,528
Republic of the CongoRequiredLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution5,657,013
ReunionNot Required901,686
RomaniaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel19,127,774
RwandaOn ArrivalLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution13,276,513
Saint Kitts And NevisNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel53,544
Saint LuciaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel184,400
Saint Vincent And the GrenadinesNot Required111,263
SamoaOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel200,149
San MarinoNot Required34,017
Sao Tome And PrincipeNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel223,368
Saudi ArabiaOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel35,340,683
SenegalNot RequiredLevel 1: Exercise Normal Precautions17,196,301
SerbiaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel8,697,550
SeychellesOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel98,908
Sierra LeoneOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel8,141,343
SingaporeNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel5,896,686
SlovakiaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel5,460,721
SloveniaNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel2,078,724
Solomon IslandsOn Arrival703,996
SomaliaOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel16,359,504
South AfricaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel60,041,994
South KoreaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel51,305,186
South SudanRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel11,381,378
SpainNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel46,745,216
Sri LankaETALevel 3: Reconsider Travel21,497,310
SudanRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel44,909,353
SurinameRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel591,800
SwedenNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel10,160,169
SwitzerlandNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel8,715,494
SyriaRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel18,275,702
TaiwanNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel23,855,010
TajikistanOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel9,749,627
TanzaniaOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel61,498,437
ThailandNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel69,950,850
Timor LesteOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel1,343,873
TogoOn ArrivalLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution8,478,250
TongaOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel106,760
Trinidad And TobagoNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel1,403,375
TunisiaNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel11,935,766
TurkeyRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel85,042,738
TurkmenistanRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel6,117,924
Turks And Caicos IslandsNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel39,231
TuvaluOn ArrivalLevel 4: Do Not Travel11,931
UgandaOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel47,123,531
UkraineNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel43,466,819
United Arab EmiratesOn ArrivalLevel 3: Reconsider Travel9,991,089
United KingdomNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel68,207,116
UruguayNot RequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel3,485,151
UzbekistanNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel33,935,763
VanuatuNot RequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel314,464
Vatican CityNot Required800
VenezuelaRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel28,704,954
VietnamRequiredLevel 3: Reconsider Travel98,168,833
YemenRequiredLevel 4: Do Not Travel30,490,640
ZambiaOn ArrivalLevel 1: Exercise Normal Precautions18,920,651
ZimbabweOn ArrivalLevel 2: Exercise Increased Caution15,092,171

US Passport Visa-Free Countries 2021