Oregon Population 2020

4,301,089

Oregon currently has a growth rate of 0.89%, which ranks 22nd in the country. Oregon's 2013 population was estimated to have grown to over 4 million, making Oregon the 27th most populous state in the country.

To establish the Oregon population in 2018, it's important to first look at the numbers from the last official US Census which was carried out in 2010. At that stage, it was confirmed that the Beaver State was home to 3,831,074 residents. That’s a sizable 12% rise in the numbers declared ten years earlier.

Oregon Area and Population Density

The northwestern state of Oregon is the 9th largest in the US in terms of land area, but it has a sparsely spread population by comparison. Geography plays a huge part -- mountain ranges and vast forest areas are just two of the geographical features that have an impact on population density in Oregon.

However, parts of this vast landscape are dominated by geographical features that are unsuitable for major settlement and as a result, there is an average of just 39.9 people living in every square mile of Oregon territory. This makes Oregon only the 39th most densely populated state in the country.

Much of Oregon's population is concentrated in the Willamette Valley from Eugene to the south through Corvallis, Salem, and Portland, the largest city. Portland is home to 630,309. Other major cities include Eugene (163,460), Salem (164,549), Gresham (110,553) and Hillsboro (102,347). Comparatively, the two most populated counties in the state are Multnomah at 807,555 and Washington at 588,957.

Oregon Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age across the population of Oregon is 39.1 years of age. In terms of the ratio of females to males, 50.5% females and 49.5% males is where the population currently stands.

In terms of the most preferred religions in Oregon, 61% of the population is affiliated with a Christian based faith, 7% are affiliated with non-Christian based faiths, and 31% of the population is not affiliated with a religion of any kind.

Oregon Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

The Oregon region was long in dispute with Great Britain, and was jointly occupied by the two countries until definitively acquired by the United States in 1846. Oregon was established as a territory in 1848, including present-day Washington, Idaho, and parts of Montana and Wyoming. It acquired its present boundaries and was admitted as a State on February 14, 1859.

In 1850 the census covered only areas west of the Cascade Mountains; the 1850 total excludes persons enumerated in present-day Washington. In 1860 census coverage included the whole State.

Oregon Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Oregon was:

  • White: 84.42%
  • Two or more races: 4.74%
  • Asian: 4.28%
  • Other race: 3.11%
  • Black or African American: 1.91%
  • Native American: 1.15%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.39%

Oregon Population History

Early recorded figures show that in 1850, Oregon had a reasonably healthy population of 12,093. Those numbers were to increase by over 300% over the next ten years, and in 1860 the Oregon population was recorded at 52,465.

That was the largest rise on a decade by decade basis but the overall trend for the rest of the century was one of sustained growth, and by 1900, the population of Oregon was confirmed at 413,536.

Oregon Population Growth

Unlike other parts of the United States, that growth did not slow down for the first half of the 20th century, and by 1950, numbers had increased to 1,521,341. Further healthy growth has seen the population more than double over the past sixty years, and have taken the state to the present day where the population in 2016 has surpassed 4 million.

Oregon Population Projections

There is nothing to presently suggest that population growth in Oregon is set to slow down in the near future. By the time of the 2020 Census, it's estimated that the population will exceed 4.3 million. By 2030, estimates show the population will reach 4.8 million, an increase of over 41% from the 2000 population, while Oregon will reach 5.42 million residents by 2040.

Oregon Growth Rate

Oregon Population Rank

  • The number of ghost towns located in Oregon surpasses every other US state.
  • The first permanent settlement was established by Methodist Missionaries at Willamette Valley in 1834.
  • Thousands of pioneers used the Oregon Trail to migrate west. The Oregon Trail was the longest of the trails used during the westward expansion, crossing over 2,000 miles.
  • Oregon is home to Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the US that reaches depths of over 1,900 feet.
  • Hells Canyon, which is partly located within Oregon, is the deepest river gorge (8,000 feet) in the country.
  • The state lacks sales, liquor, and restaurant taxes in Oregon.

Multnomah County

  • Population811,880
  • Density1883.33 per sq km
  • Growth Since 201010.12%
  • State Rank1
  • % of State19.37%

There are a total of 36 counties in the state of Oregon, and interesting growth patterns have been observed when comparing data from 2010's Census to estimates taken in 2015 by the Census Bureau. Comparisons of this data show that the western counties of the state experienced growth in their populations during the 5-year period. Deschutes County experienced the most growth at 11.04%, followed by Washington County at 8.03%. Other western counties that saw growth include Jackson County at 4.5%, Polk County at 5.05%, and Clackamas County at 6.53%, just to name a few. There were also two counties located in the northeastern corner of the state that experienced some amount of population growth. Those counties were Umatilla and Union.

On the other side of both the growth chart and the state were the populations that declined during the same time period. These counties were located in the eastern portion of the state. Wheeler County had the highest loss in population at 6.15%, followed by Sherman County along the northern border at 5.14%. Other losses were recorded in Malheur, Harney, and Grant Counties, among others.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White3,445,93384.42%
Two or More Races193,6604.74%
Asian174,5104.28%
Some Other Race127,0843.11%
Black or African American77,7891.91%
American Indian and Alaska Native46,9611.15%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander16,0060.39%

Oregon Population Pyramid 2020

Oregon Median Age

39.2


Total

38.2


Male

40.3


Female

Oregon Adults

There are 3,213,765 adults, (682,546 of whom are seniors) in Oregon.

Oregon Age Dependency

61.3

Age Dependency Ratio

27

Old Age Dependency Ratio

34.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Oregon Sex Ratio

Female

2,058,922

50.44%

Male

2,023,021

49.56%

Oregon Households and Families

Oregon Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Oregon Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78%22%
All61.9%38.1%
Male50.9%49.1%
Non Family46.7%53.3%
Female44.8%55.2%

61.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All1,591,8352.5161.9
Married772,4583.1378
Non Family585,9661.3746.7
Female161,5663.3244.8
Male71,8453.3350.9

3.05

Average Family Size

2.51

Average Household Size

7.4%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.5%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Oregon Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade105,4563.70%
9th to 12th Grade168,7265.92%
High School Graduate656,36523.02%
Some College732,47725.69%
Associates Degree249,8528.76%
Bachelors Degree583,14420.46%
Graduate Degree354,67312.44%

Oregon Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
White2,306,7492,161,130796,749
Hispanic266,977171,32340,376
Asian121,898105,87962,178
Multiple Races89,03278,50823,658
Other Race69,53640,3887,946
Black48,98543,02712,811
Native American30,72025,4594,272
Islander9,5458,4151,528

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.69%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 51.01%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$37,123$43,015$31,234
Less Than High School$24,012$27,567$18,787
High School Grad$29,668$34,469$23,961
Some College$34,164$41,130$28,738
Bachelors Degree$49,002$60,370$40,322
Graduate Degree$65,323$82,511$55,716

$37,123

Average Earnings

$43,015

Average Male

$31,234

Average Female

Oregon Language

Oregon Language by Age

Oregon Language

84.61% of Oregon residents speak only English, while 15.39% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 9.10% of the population.

Oregon Poverty

Oregon Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White3,051,292365,12611.97%
Hispanic512,965114,48722.32%
Multiple186,86235,97719.25%
Other124,13226,01120.95%
Asian171,15324,92114.56%
Black74,18921,27828.68%
Native45,09110,99824.39%
Islander15,5833,49622.43%

14.12%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.06%

Male Poverty Rate

15.15%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Oregon

The race most likely to be in poverty in Oregon is Black, with 28.68% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Oregon is White, with 11.97% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.82%. Among those working part-time, it was 18.65%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.79%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.90%
High School14.78%
Some College11.34%
Bachelors or Greater5.53%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.13%
Male Unemployed30.36%
Female Employed8.69%
Male Employed6.74%

Oregon Income

Oregon Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$59,393$80,040
Families$72,823$94,186
Married Families$84,336$106,829
Non Families$36,307$51,716

Oregon Marital Status

Oregon Marital Status

Marriage Rates

49.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

50.4%

Male Marriage Rate

48.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Oregon Married by Age and Sex

Oregon Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Oregon Marital Status by Race

Oregon Veterans

288,540

Number of Veterans

264,734

Male Veterans

23,806

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam114,989
First Gulf War49,263
Second Gulf War42,013
Korea25,736
World War II13,175
Age Group Veterans
65 to 7484,693
75+68,503
35 to 5461,382
55 to 6451,568
18 to 3422,394
Name Veterans % of Total
White267,7719.69%
Hispanic10,4063.13%
2 or More8,1207.11%
Black3,8986.75%
Asian3,4152.40%
Indian2,9348.29%
Other1,8942.17%
Hawaiian5084.33%

$Oregon Veterans by Education

7.65%

Veteran Poverty Rate

33.47%

Veteran Disability Rate

Oregon Employment Status

62.2%

Labor Force Participation

58.4%

Employment Rate

6%

Unemployment Rate

Oregon Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

45.95%

Born in Oregon

90.06%

Native Born

9.94%

Foreign Born

5.60%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

90.06% of Oregon residents were born in the United States, with 45.95% having been born in Oregon. 5.60% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.