Oregon has a population of over 4.1 million, which makes it the 27th most populous state in the nation. Portland is the most populous city in the state, with a population of 632,309. The capital city of Salem has a population of 164,549, making it the second most populous in the state. Eugene, Gresham, and Hillsboro also have populations that exceed 100,000. The state has 43 cities that have populations ranging from 10,000 to 100,000.
Cities are all that are incorporated in Oregon. Villages and hamlets can be found in Clackamas County and have limited power and no home-rule charters. There are 241 cities throughout the state, with the smallest being Greenhorn, which had a population of just two residents. There are several other cities in the state with population counts of less than 100, including Lonerock, Granite, Shaniko and Antelope.