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Ages 0-14%

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15%

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25%

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45%

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Age Structure by Country 2024

Age structure is a way to describe what part or number of age groups a country has when compared to its overall population. According to the World Population Review, the country with the oldest age structure in the world is China with more than 166 million residents over the age of 65. The age structure overall of any nation is based closely to its birth rate, death rate and migration rate within the population.

The Significance of Age Structure

The age structure of a population tells a lot about the country overall. For example, if an age structure shows that a large size population is made up of 15 to 59 year-olds, this indicates a large working population, which in turn can lead to a more prosperous population. When a large portion of the population is beyond working age, this can cause a burden on a nation to support that aging generation. However, this isn’t always the case or at least it isn’t considered a burden within the country mentioned, China.

China’s Elder Care

Generally, China’s retirement age is 60 years of age for men and 55 for women. The National Institute of Health states that 90% of China’s elderly are primarily cared for by their family. Only 3% of the population live in a nursing home and a mere 7% receive some type of community care. This means that China is very much different from many other countries in terms of caring for their aging population as it is common for families to care for their own loved ones and for families to live in multigenerational living situations. When compared to the way the aging population is cared for in other countries, China is more efficient and responsible when compared to other nations regarding the governance of this process.

Why China Might be Leading in Age Structure

In fact, China values taking care of their own family as they age so much that they made it mandatory when they enacted the Elder Rights and Protection Law in 1996. This law mandated the fact that adult children should be responsible for their elderly parents' care, meaning they have to provide them with decent, safe housing, cover their medical needs and provide for them financially. Of course, this could also be seen as a way to unburden the government of China from having to support their aging population and putting the responsibility on their working age group citizens instead.

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Country
Ages 0-14%
Ages 15-64%
Ages 65+%
Qatar13.08%85.51%1.41%
United Arab Emirates16.23%81.77%2%
Bahrain18.14%77.83%4.03%
Montserrat15.92%76.6%7.48%
Kuwait23.32%73.28%3.4%
Turks and Caicos Islands20.7%73.24%6.06%
Seychelles17.95%72.58%9.47%
Saudi Arabia23.45%72.36%4.19%
Maldives22.25%71.97%5.78%
British Virgin Islands16.56%71.87%11.58%
Palau17.49%71.82%10.69%
Lebanon19.21%71.69%9.1%
Singapore14.82%71.49%13.7%
Mauritius15.3%71.35%13.36%
Brunei21.83%71.07%7.1%
Macau14.42%70.73%14.86%
Uzbekistan22.48%70.64%6.88%
Cyprus15.63%70.36%14.01%
South Korea11.53%70.1%18.38%
Bhutan23.49%69.97%6.54%
Suriname22.77%69.96%7.27%
Iran23.51%69.82%6.67%
Brazil19.77%69.72%10.51%
Taiwan12.22%69.72%18.07%
Azerbaijan21.78%69.64%8.58%
Thailand16%69.53%14.47%
Malaysia22.46%69.42%8.12%
China16.48%69.4%14.11%
Nicaragua24.16%69.36%6.48%
North Korea20.24%69.16%10.6%
Bosnia and Herzegovina13.14%69%17.86%
Turkmenistan24.63%68.82%6.55%
Bahamas21.37%68.8%9.83%
French Polynesia20.62%68.79%10.59%
Vietnam23.44%68.69%7.87%
North Macedonia16.06%68.69%15.25%
Costa Rica21.49%68.59%9.92%
Turkey22.12%68.58%9.31%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines19.05%68.55%12.4%
Paraguay22.4%68.54%9.06%
Saint Kitts and Nevis19.4%68.54%12.05%
Guyana23.65%68.49%7.86%
New Caledonia20.96%68.45%10.59%
India24.77%68.42%6.8%
Mongolia26.16%68.24%5.6%
Mexico23.76%68.22%8.02%
Andorra12.31%68.17%19.52%
Indonesia24.22%68.1%7.68%
Northern Mariana Islands22.61%67.95%9.43%
Antigua and Barbuda21.97%67.94%10.09%
Anguilla21%67.88%11.12%
Wallis and Futuna19.98%67.86%12.15%
Kiribati27.06%67.77%5.17%
Greenland20.46%67.66%11.89%
Chile19.34%67.56%13.09%
Barbados16.78%67.56%15.66%
Albania17.9%67.53%14.57%
Armenia17.98%67.53%14.49%
Nepal26.32%67.52%6.16%
Colombia23.18%67.45%9.37%
Trinidad and Tobago19.04%67.4%13.56%
Luxembourg16.73%67.38%15.88%
Djibouti28.65%67.21%4.15%
Sint Maarten18.52%67.18%14.29%
Micronesia27.41%67.13%5.46%
Bangladesh25.38%67.09%7.53%
Dominican Republic25.92%67.09%6.99%
Saint Lucia18.23%66.97%14.8%
Cuba16.39%66.81%16.8%
Belarus15.83%66.81%17.36%
Slovakia14.87%66.49%18.64%
Cayman Islands17.48%66.48%16.04%
Ecuador24.49%66.44%9.07%
El Salvador25.4%66.39%8.21%
Moldova18.01%66.37%15.62%
Fiji25.17%66.31%8.52%
Cook Islands18.43%66.23%15.34%
Sri Lanka21.95%66.22%11.83%
Honduras27.92%66.18%5.91%
South Africa27.29%66.17%6.54%
Oman29.88%66.17%3.95%
Spain13.37%66.13%20.5%
Aruba17.32%66.11%16.58%
Hong Kong13.04%66.02%20.94%
Russia16.86%65.99%17.15%
Venezuela25.13%65.98%8.9%
Ukraine15.9%65.95%18.15%
Peru26.04%65.94%8.02%
Morocco26.01%65.92%8.06%
American Samoa25.91%65.89%8.2%
Tajikistan29.98%65.84%4.18%
Dominica20.82%65.82%13.36%
Serbia14.45%65.81%19.74%
Jamaica24.11%65.8%10.08%
Haiti29.68%65.76%4.56%
Samoa27.33%65.72%6.94%
Nauru30.13%65.65%4.22%
Uruguay19.02%65.55%15.43%
Grenada22.23%65.51%12.26%
Cambodia29.47%65.39%5.14%
Kazakhstan25.26%65.29%9.44%
Tunisia24.77%65.26%9.98%
Jersey16.89%65.19%17.91%
Portugal12.85%65.18%21.96%
Bulgaria14.03%65.17%20.81%
Switzerland15.49%65.13%19.38%
Austria14.08%65.11%20.81%
Ireland20.39%65.04%14.57%
Australia18.43%64.89%16.69%
Botswana29.17%64.88%5.95%
Poland14.53%64.87%20.6%
Panama25.19%64.87%9.94%
Laos30.63%64.73%4.65%
Montenegro17.93%64.65%17.42%
Saint Martin24.9%64.65%10.45%
Italy12.08%64.61%23.31%
San Marino14.34%64.58%21.08%
Jordan31.42%64.53%4.05%
Guernsey14.38%64.48%21.14%
Liechtenstein15.27%64.38%20.35%
New Zealand19.15%64.36%16.49%
Algeria28.78%64.29%6.93%
Belize30.93%64.15%4.92%
Philippines30.49%64.06%5.45%
United Kingdom16.91%64.03%19.06%
Bolivia29.14%64.03%6.84%
Norway17.83%64%18.18%
Hungary14.24%63.97%21.79%
Eswatini32.16%63.88%3.97%
Kyrgyzstan29.54%63.86%6.6%
Canada15.65%63.85%20.5%
Argentina23.51%63.83%12.66%
Marshall Islands30.65%63.83%5.52%
Solomon Islands31.06%63.82%5.12%
Saint Barthelemy14.1%63.8%22.11%
United States18.15%63.72%18.12%
Georgia18.41%63.65%17.95%
Vanuatu31.73%63.41%4.86%
Croatia13.98%63.39%22.63%
Iceland19.98%63.39%16.63%
Latvia14.92%63.37%21.71%
Tuvalu29.27%63.3%7.43%
Denmark16.24%63.13%20.63%
Lithuania15.3%63.11%21.59%
Netherlands16.06%63.08%20.86%
Belgium17.03%63.06%19.91%
Puerto Rico12.84%62.98%24.18%
Germany13.75%62.97%23.28%
Guam26.64%62.85%10.51%
Malta14.53%62.83%22.65%
Libya32.81%62.8%4.39%
Tonga29.92%62.79%7.29%
Guatemala31.98%62.78%5.24%
Slovenia14.55%62.73%22.72%
Curacao19.3%62.7%18%
Greece14.02%62.66%23.31%
Gibraltar19.99%62.62%17.39%
Syria33.27%62.58%4.15%
Estonia15.56%62.27%22.17%
Lesotho32.4%62.21%5.39%
Romania15.63%62.13%22.24%
Isle of Man16.15%62.09%21.77%
Sweden17.26%62.05%20.69%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon13.42%61.98%24.6%
Faroe Islands19.9%61.94%18.16%
Namibia34.38%61.68%3.94%
Israel25.96%61.66%12.38%
Bermuda16.45%61.66%21.89%
Yemen35.14%61.52%3.34%
Iraq35.24%61.17%3.59%
Gabon35.04%60.76%4.2%
France18.04%60.53%21.42%
Finland16.25%60.5%23.25%
Pakistan34.81%60.41%4.77%
Ivory Coast36.65%60.4%2.95%
Egypt34.37%60.27%5.36%
Kenya36.45%60.26%3.28%
Eritrea36.27%59.73%4%
Sao Tome and Principe37.21%59.64%3.15%
Mauritania36.11%59.58%4.31%
Rwanda37.95%59.1%2.95%
Equatorial Guinea36.05%59.01%4.94%
Papua New Guinea37.34%58.75%3.9%
Madagascar37.47%58.72%3.81%
Japan12.29%58.49%29.22%
Ghana37.72%57.92%4.36%
Comoros38.89%57.85%3.26%
Central African Republic38.84%57.71%3.45%
Malawi38.54%57.64%3.82%
Gambia38.86%57.57%3.57%
Ethiopia38.91%57.55%3.54%
Afghanistan39.8%57.35%2.85%
Zimbabwe38.16%57.32%4.52%
Sierra Leone40.54%56.89%2.58%
Togo38.98%56.76%4.26%
Timor Leste39.05%56.61%4.34%
Sudan40.47%56.35%3.19%
Republic of the Congo40.44%56.15%3.41%
Nigeria40.69%55.95%3.36%
Somalia41.54%55.77%2.69%
South Sudan41.93%55.48%2.59%
Senegal41.19%55.46%3.34%
Tanzania41.5%55.15%3.35%
Cameroon41.69%55.12%3.19%
Guinea40.96%55.05%4%
Zambia42.49%54.77%2.74%
Burkina Faso42.19%54.62%3.19%
Liberia42.69%54.5%2.82%
Monaco9.4%54.42%36.18%
Burundi42.67%54.03%3.3%
Benin45.37%52.18%2.45%
Mozambique45%52.1%2.9%
Chad46.24%51.27%2.49%
DR Congo45.92%51.2%2.87%
Angola47.18%50.49%2.33%
Uganda47.3%50.31%2.39%
Mali47.05%49.88%3.07%
Niger49.7%47.6%2.7%
showing: 218 rows

Which country has the oldest age structure?

With over 166 million over the age of 65+, the country of China currently has the oldest age structure in the world.

What is the age structure of a country?

The term 'age structure' refers to what proportion a country has of one age group based on its overall population.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources