Brazil has 26 states as well as the Federal District. The 26 states are distributed across the five regions in the country. These five regions are the South region, Southeast region, North region, Northeast region, and Central-west region.
Here’s the distribution of states per region.
Three states are in the South region.
1. Parana - PR
Capital: Curitiba Total population: 11,516,840
2. Rio Grande do Sul – RS
Capital: Porto Alegre Total population: 11,422,973
3. Santa Catarina
Capital: Florianópolis Total population: 7,252,502
This region has four states as follows.
1. Rio de Janeiro - RJ
Capital: Rio de Janeiro Total population: 17,366,189
2. Minas Gerais – MG
Capital: Belo Horizonte Total population: 21,292,666
3. Espírito Santo – ES
Capital: Vitória Total population: 4,064,052
4. São Paulo – SP
Capital: São Paulo Total population: 46,289,333
Seven states are located in the North region. They are:
1. Amazonas – AM
Capital: Manaus Total population: 4,207,714
2. Acre – AC
Capital: Rio Branco Total population: 894,470
3. Roraima – RR
Capital: Boa Vista Total population: 631,181
4. Tocantins – TO
Capital: Palmas Total population: 1,590,248
5. Amapá – AP
Capital: Macapá Total population: 861,773
6. Pará – PA
Capital: Belém Total population: 8,690,745
7. Rondônia – RO
Capital: Porto Velho Total population: 1,796,460
The Northeast region is home to these nine states:
1. Rio Grande do Norte – RN
Capital: Natal Total population: 3,534,165
2. Maranhão – MA
Capital: São Luís Total population: 7,114,598
3. Bahia – BA
Capital: Salvador Total population: 14,930,634
4. Sergipe – SE
Capital: Aracaju Total population: 2,318,822
5. Alagoas – AL
Capital: Maceió Total population: 3,351,543
6. Pernambuco – PE
Capital: Recife Total population: 9,616,621
7. Piauí – P1
Capital: Teresina Total population: 3,281,480
8. Ceará – CE
Capital: Fortaleza Total population: 9,187,103
9. Paraíba – PB
Capital: João Pessoa Total population: 4,039,277
These four states are located in the Central-west region.
1. Distrito Federal- the Federal district.
Capital: Brasília Total population: 3,055,149
2. Mato Grosso – MT
Capital: Cuiabá Total population: 3,526,220
3. Goiás – GO
Capital: Goiânia Total population: 7,113,540
4. Mato Grosso do Sul – MS
Capital: Campo Grande Total population: 2,809,394
The Richest and Poorest States
The five richest states are Sao Paulo, Distrito Federal, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, and Espírito Santo. Besides Distrito Federal, Brazil’s capital, the other four wealthiest states are in the Southeast region. On the other hand, Piauí, Maranhão, Alagoas, Paraíba, and Ceará are among the poorest states in Brazil.
Biggest and Smallest States
The five biggest states by area are Amazonas (1,570,745.7 km2), Para (1,247,689.5 km2), Mato Grosso (903,357.9 km2), Minas Gerais (586,528.3 km2), and Bahia (564,692.7km2).
The five smallest states by area are Distrito Federal (5,822.1 km2), Sergipe (21,910.3 km2), Alagoas (27,767.7km2), Rio de Janeiro (43,696.1 km2), Espírito Santo (46,077.5km2).