Global North Countries 2022

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The term Global North is a widely accepted synonym for first-world or developed countries, which are also the richest countries in the world according to metrics including GNP per capita and the Legatum Prosperity Index. The Global North is the economic opposite of the Global South, a term coined in 1969 to describe the world's developing and least developed countries.

The term Global North is both unofficial and geographically imprecise, which can lead to confusion as to which countries are considered part of the Global North. However, a list of the countries of the Global North, compiled using the predominant current method, can be seen in the table following this text.

Differences between the Global North and the Global South

Generally speaking, the countries of the Global North have well-developed, mature economies and are both wealthy and politically stable. They also tend to be the most technologically advanced countries and their population growth is low. Most are located in North America, Europe, and Northern Asia, although a handful of southern countries, including Australia and New Zealand, are usually considered part of the Global North. The Global North has roughly 25% of the world's population, but earns 80% of the wealth and tends to dominate the Global South both politically and economically.

Countries in the Global South, by comparison, are those whose economies are still developing. They tend to be located in Africa, South America, and Southern Asia—though, perhaps ironically, more Global South countries are located in the Northern Hemisphere than in the Southern Hemisphere. Global South countries also display faster population growth than those of the Global North.

Which countries are part of the Global North?

The precise answer to this question often depends upon the source. Because the division between Global North and Global South is based on economics rather than geography, the dividing line between the two is not the equator, which divides the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Instead, most sources consult either the Human Development Index (HDI), a quality-of-life metric compiled by the United Nations; or the Brandt Line, a wandering borderline which ignores geography and instead uses GDP per capita as its guide.

The Global North according to the Brandt Line

The Brandt Line begins at roughly 30 degrees north latitude, runs along the edges of the United States and Mexico, then crosses the Atlantic to trace the border between Europe (Global North) and Africa (Global South), meanders across Asia, splitting China from Russia before swerving south to lasso the Southern Hemisphere countries of Australia and New Zealand into the Global North. The Brandt Line was first proposed in the 1980s, and despite roughly forty years of economic development since, it remains largely accurate today.

The Global North according to the Human Development Index (HDI)

Another popular method for determining the countries of the Global North is to use the United Nations' Human Development Index (HDI) as a guideline. HDI is an aggregate metric that compiles multiple statistics to determine the overall quality of life in a country. Quality of life tends to parallel economic development, which makes HDI an excellent measure of whether a country belongs in the Global North or Global South. Most experts consider any country with an HDI of .80 (within a range of 0.00 to 1.00) to be part of the Global North.

Global North Countries 2022

Country Global North Nation
United StatesYes
RussiaYes
MexicoYes
JapanYes
TurkeyYes
GermanyYes
United KingdomYes
FranceYes
ItalyYes
South KoreaYes
SpainYes
PolandYes
UkraineYes
CanadaYes
UzbekistanYes
AustraliaYes
RomaniaYes
KazakhstanYes
NetherlandsYes
BelgiumYes
SwedenYes
Czech RepublicYes
GreeceYes
AzerbaijanYes
PortugalYes
HungaryYes
BelarusYes
IsraelYes
AustriaYes
SwitzerlandYes
SerbiaYes
BulgariaYes
KyrgyzstanYes
DenmarkYes
SlovakiaYes
FinlandYes
NorwayYes
New ZealandYes
IrelandYes
CroatiaYes
GeorgiaYes
MoldovaYes
AlbaniaYes
ArmeniaYes
LithuaniaYes
SloveniaYes
North MacedoniaYes
LatviaYes
EstoniaYes
CyprusYes
LuxembourgYes
MontenegroYes
MaltaYes
IcelandYes
AndorraYes
LiechtensteinYes
MonacoYes
San MarinoYes
PalauYes
TuvaluYes
Vatican CityYes
ChinaNo
IndiaNo
IndonesiaNo
PakistanNo
NigeriaNo
BrazilNo
BangladeshNo
EthiopiaNo
PhilippinesNo
EgyptNo
DR CongoNo
VietnamNo
IranNo
ThailandNo
TanzaniaNo
South AfricaNo
MyanmarNo
KenyaNo
ColombiaNo
UgandaNo
SudanNo
ArgentinaNo
AlgeriaNo
IraqNo
AfghanistanNo
MoroccoNo
Saudi ArabiaNo
AngolaNo
PeruNo
MalaysiaNo
YemenNo
GhanaNo
MozambiqueNo
NepalNo
MadagascarNo
VenezuelaNo
Ivory CoastNo
CameroonNo
NigerNo
North KoreaNo
Burkina FasoNo
MaliNo
SyriaNo
Sri LankaNo
MalawiNo
ZambiaNo
ChileNo
EcuadorNo
GuatemalaNo
ChadNo
SomaliaNo
SenegalNo
CambodiaNo
ZimbabweNo
GuineaNo
RwandaNo
BeninNo
BurundiNo
TunisiaNo
BoliviaNo
HaitiNo
JordanNo
Dominican RepublicNo
CubaNo
South SudanNo
HondurasNo
Papua New GuineaNo
TajikistanNo
United Arab EmiratesNo
TogoNo
Sierra LeoneNo
LaosNo
NicaraguaNo
LibyaNo
ParaguayNo
TurkmenistanNo
El SalvadorNo
SingaporeNo
Republic of the CongoNo
Central African RepublicNo
LebanonNo
LiberiaNo
PalestineNo
Costa RicaNo
MauritaniaNo
OmanNo
PanamaNo
KuwaitNo
EritreaNo
UruguayNo
MongoliaNo
Bosnia And HerzegovinaNo
JamaicaNo
GambiaNo
QatarNo
BotswanaNo
NamibiaNo
GabonNo
LesothoNo
Guinea BissauNo
Equatorial GuineaNo
Trinidad And TobagoNo
BahrainNo
Timor LesteNo
MauritiusNo
EswatiniNo
DjiboutiNo
FijiNo
ComorosNo
GuyanaNo
BhutanNo
Solomon IslandsNo
SurinameNo
Cape VerdeNo
MaldivesNo
BruneiNo
BahamasNo
BelizeNo
VanuatuNo
BarbadosNo
Sao Tome And PrincipeNo
SamoaNo
Saint LuciaNo
KiribatiNo
GrenadaNo
MicronesiaNo
SeychellesNo
TongaNo
Saint Vincent And the GrenadinesNo
Antigua And BarbudaNo
DominicaNo
Saint Kitts And NevisNo
Marshall IslandsNo
NauruNo

Global North Countries 2022

Sources