How Many States are in Mexico in 2024?

Located on the continet of North America, the country of Mexico is situated just below the United States of America. As a country comprised of 761,600 square miles of total area, the country of Mexico spans for a great distance of land. Known as the United Mexican States, Mexico is divided into states. To the east of the Mexican border lies the Gulf of Mexico, and even further out, you would find the Atlantic Ocean. In the opposite direction, the Pacific Ocean borders the western coastline of Mexico. The North Pacific Ocean trickles down and lines the southern regions of Mexico's coastline, too.

The current population of all thirty-one Mexican states combined is about 132,392,802 people and climbing. Mexico is number eleven on the list of countries based solely on population sizes, and within the country of Mexico, the United Mexican States thrive on tourism as an industry. Though the Mexican states have not been official for as long as the land has existed, it has been proven that people inhabited Mexican land as early as twenty-three thousand years ago. The most commonly spoken language in the Mexican states is Spanish, despite the fact that the majority of immigrants to Mexico are originally from the United States of America, where English is the most common spoken language.

The Mexican states all share the same national symbol, which is the golden eagle. The country is so proud of its representation as a golden eagle that the national symbol is embedded into the country's coat of arms, too. There are exactly thirty-one states in Mexico. It is important to note that Mexico City is not a state in and of itself, but rather, Mexico City is the capital of the country. For perspective, Mexico City is similar to the District of Columbia in the United States. These are federal districts, not states, but they are often mislabeled as one of the states anyway.

Like states in other countries, the states of Mexico were all land that belonged to various other provinces, districts, and people before becoming the states that we know them to be today. Let’s take a look at every Mexican state in terms of when it was admitted to the nation, as well as what the land was part of before becoming an official state. In the table below is each Mexican state and the year it was admitted.

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State Name
Capital City
Largest City
Notable Cities & Towns
Area (mi²)
Population (2022 Census)
2Baja CaliforniaMexicaliTijuanaEnsenada, Mexicali, Tijuana27,5873,822,000
3Baja California SurLa PazLa PazLa Paz28,537759,000
4CampecheSan Francisco de CampecheSan Francisco de CampecheCampeche22,195965,000
5ChiapasTuxtla GutiérrezTuxtla GutiérrezComitán, San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Tapachula, Tuxtla28,3065,602,000
6ChihuahuaChihuahuaCiudad JuárezCasas Grandes, Chihuahua, Ciudad Delicias, Hidalgo del Parral, Juárez, Nuevo Casas Grandes95,5273,806,000
7CoahuilaSaltillSaltillCiudad Acuña, Monclova, Múzquiz, Nueva Rosita, Piedras Negras, Sabinas, Saltillo, San Pedro, Torreón, Villa Frontera58,5313,189,000
8ColimaColimaManzanilloColima, Manzanillo, Tecomán2,173830,000
9DurangoVictoria de DurangoVictoria de DurangoDurango, Gómez Palacio47,6311,846,000
10GuanajuatoGuanajuatoLeón de los AldamaAcámbaro, Celaya, Cortazar, Guanajuato, Irapuato, León, Moroleón, Salamanca, San Francisco del Rincón, San Miguel de Allende, Silao, Valle de Santiago11,8176,205,000
11GuerreroChilpancingo de los BravoAcapulco de JuárezAcapulco, Chilpancingo, Iguala, Taxco24,5553,556,000
12HidalgoPachuca de SotoPachuca de SotoPachuca, Tulancingo8,0393,115,000
13JaliscoGuadalajaraGuadalajaraAmeca, Arandas, Autlán, Ciudad Guzmán, Guadalajara, La Barca, Ocotlán, Puerto Vallarta, Tepatitlán, Tlaquepaque, Zapopan30,3468,400,000
14MéxicoToluca de LerdoEcatepec de MorelosNezahualcóyotl, Tlalnepantla, Toluca8,63017,102,000
15MichoacánMoreliaMoreliaApatzingán, Ciudad Hidalgo, La Piedad Cavadas, Morelia, Sahuayo, Uruapan, Zacapú, Zamora, Zitácuaro22,6254,736,000
16Morelos CuernavacaCuernavacaCuernavaca, Xochicalco1,8842,016,000
18Nuevo LeónMonterreyMonterreyGuadalupe, Monterrey24,7715,846,000
19OaxacaOaxaca de JuárezOaxaca de JuárezJuchitán, Oaxaca36,2004,096,000
20PueblaPuebla de ZaragozaPuebla de ZaragozaAtlixco, Cholula, Matamoros, Puebla, Teziutlán13,2476,535,000
21QuerétaroSantiago de QuerétaroSantiago de QuerétaroQuerétaro4,5142,404,000
22Quintana RooChetumalCancúnCancún, Chetumal17,2611,895,000
23San Luis PotosíSan Luis PotosíSan Luis PotosíMatehuala, San Luis Potosí, Valles23,6062,815,000
24SinaloaCuliacán RosalesCuliacán RosalesCuliacán, Los Mochis, Mazatlán22,1493,015,000
25SonoraHermosilloHermosilloCiudad Obregón, Guaymas, Hermosillo, Navojoa, Nogales, San Luis69,2493,006,000
27TamaulipasCiudad VictoriaReynosaCiudad Mante, Ciudad Victoria, Matamoros, Nuevo Laredo, Reynosa, Tampico30,9843,506,000
28TlaxcalaTlaxcala de XicohténcatlSan Pablo del MonteApizaco, Tlaxcala1,5431,405,000
29VeracruzXalapa-EnríquezVeracruzCiudad Mendoza, Coatzacoalcos, Córdoba, Cosamaloapan, Minatitlán, Orizaba, Papantla, Poza Rica, San Andrés Tuxtla, Tierra Blanca, Tuxpan, Veracruz, Xalapa27,7318,105,000
30YucatánMéridaMéridaMérida, Progreso15,2612,374,000
31ZacatecasZacatecasZacatecasFresnillo, Jerez de García Salinas, Zacatecas29,0641,674,000
showing: 31 rows

How Many States are in Mexico in 2024?

Does Mexico have 31 or 32 states?

Mexico is made up of 31 individual states.

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