map placeholder
Click on a country for details.

Ruling Political Parties by Country 2024

In a democratic parliamentary or presidential system, the ruling party holds a majority of elected positions in the government. In the United States, the ruling party alternates with elections, primarily between the Republican Party (GOP) and the Democratic Party. As of 2023, the GOP controlled the House of Representatives, while the Democrats held the Senate and the White House. Other minor parties in the US include the Reform, Libertarian, Socialist, Natural Law, Constitution, and Green Parties.

In India, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has been the ruling party since 1980 and is currently the world's largest political party. The BJP, a conservative, right-wing party, governs the central government and most Indian states. In China, the ruling party since 1949 is the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), which oversees most aspects of life and governance, advocating atheism over religion. Other parties exist in China but are subordinate to the CCP.

As of 2023, Canada's ruling party is the Liberal Party, led by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau since 2013. Other significant parties include the Conservative Party (the Official Opposition), the New Democratic Party, the Bloc Québécois, and the Green Party of Canada.

In the United Kingdom, the Conservative Party has been the ruling party since World War II, with the Labour Party as the main opposition. Other parties in the UK Parliament include the Alliance Party, Co-operative Party, Democratic Unionist Party, Green Party, and Liberal Democrats.

Australia operates a two-party system, with the Australian Labor Party (ALP) as the ruling party and the Liberal Party of Australia as the other major political force.

- In many countries, different parts of the government are controlled by different parties. For example, in the United States in 2023, the Democrats controlled the presidency and the Senate, while the Republicans controlled the House of Representatives. In this case, the balance of power tips toward the Democrats, so they are listed as the ruling party.
- Party systems displayed may exclude parties with little likelihood of taking control. For example, the United States is listed as a two-party system because it is dominated by Republicans and Democrats, with smaller parties such as the Libertarians and the Green Party holding very few federal-level offices.
- Countries with one-party systems are essentially non-democratic, as public elections with only a single candidate offer the voters little choice.

Download Table Data

Enter your email below, and you'll receive this table's data in your inbox momentarily.

Country
Additional Details
Most Recent Election
Party in Power
Party System
Afghanistan
On 15 August 2021, Afghanistan's capital city of Kabul was captured by the Taliban after a major ins...
2021TalibanOne-party
Albania
Parliamentary elections were held in Albania on 25 April 2021.It took place during the COVID-19 pand...
2021Socialist Party of AlbaniaMulti-party
Algeria
Presidential elections were held in Algeria on 12 December 2019. The election had originally been sc...
2019National Liberation FrontMulti-party
American Samoa
2020Democratic PartyMulti-party
Andorra
2023Democrats for AndorraMulti-party
Angola
2022People's Movement for the Liberation of AngolaDominant-party
Anguilla
2020Anguilla Progressive MovementTwo-party
Antigua and Barbuda
2023Antigua and Barbuda Labour PartyTwo-party
Argentina
2019Frente de TodosMulti-party
Armenia
2021Civil ContractMulti-party
Aruba
The party has been in power since 2009 and won the last election in 2017, securing 10 of the 21 seat...
2017People's Electoral MovementMulti-party
Australia
2022Labor PartyTwo-party
Austria
2019Austrian People's PartyMulti-party
Azerbaijan
2020New Azerbaijan PartyDominant-party
Bahamas
2021Progressive Liberal PartyTwo-party
Bahrain
Political parties are illegal in Bahrain but operate as de facto political parties under the term po...
2022Political parties are illegal in BahrainDominant-party
Bangladesh
2018Awami LeagueDominant-party
Barbados
2022Barbados Labour PartyTwo-party
Belarus
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2019IndependentsDominant-party
Belgium
2019CD&VMulti-party
Belize
2020People's United PartyTwo-party
Benin
2023Progressive Union for RenewalMulti-party
Bermuda
2020Progressive Labour PartyTwo-party
Bhutan
2018People's Democratic PartyTwo-party
Bolivia
2020Movement for SocialismMulti-party
Bosnia and Herzegovina
2018SDAMulti-party
Botswana
2022Botswana Democratic PartyDominant-party
Brazil
2022Brazil of HopeMulti-party
British Virgin Islands
2019Virgin Islands PartyTwo-party
Brunei
The politics of Brunei take place in a framework of an absolute monarchy, whereby the Sultan of Brun...
1959Absolute monarchy; No Political PartiesNo parties (monarchy)
Bulgaria
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2021IndependentMulti-party
Burkina Faso
2020MPPMilitary junta
Burundi
2020National Council for the Defense of DemocracyDominant-party
Cambodia
2023Cambodian People's PartyDominant-party
Cameroon
2020Cameroon People's Democratic MovementDominant-party
Canada
2021Liberal PartyMulti-party
Cape Verde
2021Movement for DemocracyTwo-party
Cayman Islands
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2021IndependentTwo-party
Central African Republic
General elections were held in the Central African Republic on 27 December 2020 to elect the Preside...
2020United Hearts MovementMulti-party
Chad
The Northern Chad offensive was a military offensive in Northern Chad, initiated by the Chadian rebe...
2021Transitional governmentTransitional government
Chile
2021Apruebo DignidadMulti-party
China
2023Chinese Communist PartyOne-party
Colombia
2022Historic PactMulti-party
Comoros
2020Union for the Development of the ComorosDominant-party
Cook Islands
2022Cook Islands PartyMulti-party
Costa Rica
2022Social Democratic Progress PartyMulti-party
Croatia
2020Croatian Democratic UnionMulti-party
Cuba
2023Communist Party of CubaOne-party
Curacao
2021National People's PartyMulti-party
Cyprus
2023Democratic PartyMulti-party
Czech Republic
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2023IndependentMulti-party
Denmark
2022Social DemocratsMulti-party
Djibouti
2021RPPDominant-party
Dominica
2022Dominica Labour PartyDominant-party
Dominican Republic
2020Modern Revolutionary PartyMulti-party
DR Congo
2018UDPSMulti-party
Ecuador
2021CREOMulti-party
Egypt
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2018IndependentDominant-party
El Salvador
2019GANAMulti-party
Equatorial Guinea
2022Democratic Party of Equatorial GuineaDominant-party
Eritrea
There have not been national elections in Eritrea since independence in 1993
People's Front for Democracy and JusticeOne-party
Estonia
2023Reform PartyMulti-party
Eswatini
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2018Independents No parties
Ethiopia
2021Prosperity PartyDominant-party
Falkland Islands
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2021NonpartisanNo parties
Faroe Islands
2022Social Democratic PartyMulti-party
Fiji
2022FijiFirstMulti-party
Finland
2023National CoalitionMulti-party
France
2022Renaissance (RE)Multi-party
French Guiana
2021Socialist PartyMulti-party
French Polynesia
2023Tāvini HuiraʻatiraMulti-party
Gabon
On 30 August 2023, a coup d'état occurred in the Gabonese Republic shortly after the announcement th...
2023Civilian government suspendedMilitary junta
Gambia
2021National People's PartyMulti-party
Georgia
2020Georgian DreamDominant-party
Germany
2021Social Democratic PartyMulti-party
Ghana
2020New Patriotic PartyTwo-party
Gibraltar
2019GSLP–Liberal AllianceTwo-party
Greece
2023New DemocracyMulti-party
Greenland
2021Inuit AtaqatigiitMulti-party
Grenada
2022National Democratic CongressTwo-party
Guadeloupe
2004PS-PPDGMulti-party
Guam
Guam is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States, with policy relations between G...
2022RepublicanTwo-party
Guatemala
2023SemillaMulti-party
Guernsey
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2020Independents Multi-party
Guinea
On 5 September 2021, President of Guinea Alpha Condé was captured by the country's armed forces in a...
2021Civilian government suspendedMilitary junta
Guinea Bissau
2019Madem G15Multi-party
Guyana
2020People's Progressive PartyTwo-party
Haiti
Presidential elections were held in Haiti on 20 November 2016 after having been postponed several ti...
2016Haitian Tèt Kale PartyMulti-party
Honduras
2021LibreMulti-party
Hong Kong
2021Pro-Beijing campDominant-party
Hungary
2022Fidesz–KDNPDominant-party
Iceland
The Independence Party (Icelandic: Sjálfstæðisflokkurinn) is a liberal-conservative political party ...
2021Independence PartyMulti-party
India
2019BJPMulti-party
Indonesia
2019PDI-PMulti-party
Iran
2021CCADominant-party
Iraq
2021TakadumMulti-party
Ireland
2020Fianna FáilMulti-party
Isle of Man
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2021Independents Two-party
Israel
2022Likud PartyMulti-party
Italy
2022Brothers of ItalyMulti-party
Ivory Coast
2021Rally of Houphouëtists for Democracy and PeaceDominant-party
Jamaica
2020Jamaica Labour PartyTwo-party
Japan
2021Liberal Democratic PartyDominant-party
Jersey
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2022Independents Multi-party
Jordan
2020Pro-monarchy independentsDominant-party
Kazakhstan
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2022IndependentDominant-party
Kenya
2022UDAMulti-party
Kiribati
2020Tobwaan Kiribati PartyTwo-party
Kuwait
The political system consists of an appointed judiciary, appointed government (dominated by the Al S...
2022IndependentNo parties
Kyrgyzstan
2021MekenchilMulti-party
Laos
2021Lao People's Revolutionary PartyOne-party
Latvia
2022JVMulti-party
Lebanon
2022Lebanese ForcesMulti-party
Lesotho
2022Revolution for ProsperityMulti-party
Liberia
2017Coalition for Democratic ChangeTwo-party
Libya
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2014IndependentProvisional government
Liechtenstein
2021Patriotic UnionMulti-party
Lithuania
2020Homeland UnionMulti-party
Luxembourg
2018Democratic PartyMulti-party
Macau
2021Pro-Beijing campDominant-party
Madagascar
2019Young Malagasies DeterminedMulti-party
Malawi
2020Malawi Congress PartyMulti-party
Malaysia
2022PKRMulti-party
Maldives
2019Maldivian Democratic PartyMulti-party
Mali
The head of the junta that led the 2020 Malian coup d'état, announced that N'daw and Ouane were stri...
2021Civilian government suspendedMilitary junta
Malta
2022Labour PartyTwo-party
Marshall Islands
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2019IndependentsTwo-party
Martinique
Martinique is not a separate territory but a region of France. France has a multi-party system, with...
2022Martinican Progressive PartyMulti-party
Mauritania
2023El InsafMulti-party
Mauritius
2019MSMMulti-party
Mayotte
2021The RepublicansMulti-party
Mexico
2021MorenaMulti-party
Micronesia
2023No Political PartiesNo parties
Moldova
2021Party of Action and SolidarityMulti-party
Monaco
2023Monegasque National UnionMulti-party
Mongolia
2021Mongolian People's PartyMulti-party
Montenegro
2023PESMulti-party
Montserrat
2019Movement for Change and ProsperityTwo-party
Morocco
2021National Rally of IndependentsMulti-party
Mozambique
2019FRELIMO PartyDominant-party
Myanmar
civilian government suspended
2021military ruleMilitary junta
Namibia
2019SWAPO Party of NamibiaDominant-party
Nauru
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2022IndependentsMulti-party
Nepal
2022Nepali CongressMulti-party
Netherlands
2021VVDMulti-party
New Caledonia
2019Caledonian UnionMulti-party
New Zealand
2020Labour PartyMulti-party
Nicaragua
2021FSLNDominant-party
Niger
On 26 July 2023, a coup d'état occurred in Niger when the country's presidential guard detained pre...
2023Civilian government suspendedMilitary junta
Nigeria
2019All Progressives CongressTwo-party
Niue
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2020IndependentNo parties
North Korea
The WPK has been in power since its inception in 1948 and is a one-party system led by a hereditary ...
2019Workers' Party of KoreaOne-party
North Macedonia
2020SDSMMulti-party
Northern Mariana Islands
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2022IndependentMulti-party
Norway
2021Labour PartyMulti-party
Oman
General elections were held in Oman on 27 October 2019. A total of 637 candidates contested the elec...
2019Political parties outlawedNo parties (Political parties outlawed)
Pakistan
2018PTIMulti-party
Palau
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2020IndependentNo parties
Palestine
2006HamasMulti-party
Panama
2019Democratic Revolutionary PartyMulti-party
Papua New Guinea
2022PanguMulti-party
Paraguay
2018Colorado PartyMulti-party
Peru
On 7 December 2022, President of Peru Pedro Castillo attempted to dissolve Congress in the face of i...
2022Free PeruMulti-party
Philippines
2022PFPMulti-party
Poland
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2020IndependentMulti-party
Portugal
2022Socialist PartyMulti-party
Puerto Rico
2020PNPTwo-party
Qatar
2021Political parties outlawedNo parties (Political parties outlawed)
Republic of the Congo
2021Congolese PartyDominant-party
Reunion
2022Renaissance (RE)Multi-party
Romania
2019PNLMulti-party
Russia
2018United RussiaDominant-party
Rwanda
2017RPFDominant-party
Saint Kitts and Nevis
2022Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour PartyMulti-party
Saint Lucia
2021Saint Lucia Labour PartyTwo-party
Saint Martin
2022Rassemblement Saint-MartinoisMulti-party
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
2022Archipelago TomorrowTwo-party
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
2020Unity Labour PartyTwo-party
Samoa
2021HRPPTwo-party
San Marino
2019Sammarinese Christian Democratic PartyMulti-party
Sao Tome and Principe
2021Independent Democratic ActionMulti-party
Saudi Arabia
On 27 September 2022, Mohammed was appointed as prime minister of Saudi Arabia by King Salman. Tradi...
No electionsNo Political PartiesNo parties (monarchy)
Senegal
2019APRDominant-party
Serbia
2022SNSDominant-party
Seychelles
2020SNPTwo-party
Sierra Leone
2018SLPPTwo-party
Singapore
2020People's Action PartyDominant-party
Sint Maarten
2020National AllianceMulti-party
Slovakia
2020Ordinary PeopleMulti-party
Slovenia
2022Freedom MovementMulti-party
Solomon Islands
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2019IndependentsMulti-party
Somalia
2022UPDMulti-party
South Africa
2019African National CongressDominant-party
South Korea
2022People Power PartyMulti-party
South Sudan
2010Sudan People's Liberation MovementDominant-party
Spain
2019PSOEMulti-party
Sri Lanka
2022UNPMulti-party
Sudan
2022National CongressProvisional government
Suriname
2020VHPMulti-party
Sweden
2022Social DemocratsMulti-party
Switzerland
2019Swiss People's PartyMulti-party
Syria
2020Ba'ath PartyDominant-party
Taiwan
2020Democratic Progressive PartyTwo-party
Tajikistan
2020People's Democratic PartyDominant-party
Tanzania
2020Chama Cha MapinduziDominant-party
Thailand
2019Palang PracharathMulti-party
Togo
2020Union for the RepublicDominant-party
Tokelau
General elections were held in Tokelau on 23 January 2020
2020No Political PartiesNo parties
Tonga
2021Democratic Party of the Friendly IslandsTwo-party
Trinidad and Tobago
2020People's National MovementTwo-party
Tunisia
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2019IndependentMulti-party
Turkey
2023Justice and Development PartyMulti-party
Turkmenistan
2023Democratic Party of TurkmenistanDominant-party
Turks and Caicos Islands
2021Progressive National PartyTwo-party
Tuvalu
An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or...
2019IndependentNo parties
Uganda
2021National Resistance MovementDominant-party
Ukraine
2019Servant of the PeopleMulti-party
United Arab Emirates
2019Political parties outlawedNo parties (Political parties outlawed)
United Kingdom
2019Conservative PartyMulti-party
United States
2020Democratic PartyTwo-party
United States Virgin Islands
2020No Political PartiesMulti-party
Uruguay
2019National PartyMulti-party
Uzbekistan
2021Liberal Democratic PartyMulti-party
Vanuatu
2022Vanua'aku PatiMulti-party
Vatican City
The Pope is the ruler of both the Vatican City State and the Holy See. The Holy See, as the supreme ...
No Political PartiesNo parties
Venezuela
2020United Socialist Party of VenezuelaDominant-party
Vietnam
2021Communist Party of VietnamOne-party
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which no one party of...
2022No Political PartiesNo parties
Western Sahara
2020Polisario FrontOne-party
Yemen
2003General People's CongressDominant-party
Zambia
2021United Party for National DevelopmentMulti-party
Zimbabwe
2023Zimbabwe African National UnionDominant-party
showing: 232 rows

Which is the largest and strongest political party in the world?

The Bharatiya Janata Party (Indian People's Part) is the largest political party in the world.

Frequently Asked Questions