Current or Past Transmission but No Current Outbreak
Mosquito Present but No Reported Cases
No mosquitoes that spread Zika
Zika is a virus spread by Aedes mosquitoes (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus), sexual contact, or the birth process, that has no vaccine or treatment. Although usually harmless, Zika can on rare occasions cause serious health issues such as swelling of the brain, blood disorders, or Guillain-Barré syndrome. Zika is a particular concern for pregnant women, as contracting the disease during pregnancy can cause the child to be born with significant birth defects, including microcephaly (an abnormally small head).
The risk of contracting Zika today is minimal, as eradication efforts aimed at containing its spread have been effective. Every country’s Zika status falls into one of four categories:
As of April 2022, there are no current outbreaks of Zika worldwide, although a significant outbreak did occur in India in November of 2021. Health experts have warned that a new outbreak could happen at any time, requiring only a single mutation to generate a new variant of the virus.
According to the most recent data from April 2022, no countries in the world have a Zika virus outbreak right now. India did experience a significant Zika virus outbreak in November 2021.