Zika Virus Countries

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Zika virus, which is spread by mosquitoes, is not harmful to most people. However, if a pregnant woman is bitten by a mosquito that is carrying Zika, the baby can be born with birth defects, including microcephaly (an abnormally small head). If Zika is present in your country, you don’t need to be alarmed unless you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, speak with your doctor about the most effective means of preventing Zika.

The risk of contracting Zika today is minimal, as eradication efforts have been active at containing its spread. There are three categories regarding a country’s risk of Zika: current or past transmission but no current outbreak, Zika-carrying mosquitoes present but no reported cases, and no Zika-carrying mosquitoes.

Current or Past Cases of Zika

Many countries in the Western hemisphere reported cases of Zika at the height of the outbreak. These countries included the United States, Mexico, Cuba, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, the Bahamas, Jamaica, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, the Falkland Islands, and Bolivia.

Several countries in Africa and Asia reported cases of Zika. In Asia, those countries were India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, and Fiji. In Africa, those countries were Ethiopia, Burundi, Uganda, Central African Republic (CAR), Angola, Gabon, Cameroon, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Senegal, and Burkina Faso.

Again, these countries have had cases of Zika in the past but currently do not have any outbreaks. If you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant and plan to visit any of these countries, speak to your doctor about how to prevent Zika.

Zika-Carrying Mosquitoes: Present

There are many countries, particularly in the Eastern hemisphere, that have mosquitoes that carry the Zika virus but have not had any reported cases of Zika infection. In the Western region, the only country in this category is Uruguay. All other countries – except Chile, Canada, and the Danish territory of Greenland – have had reported cases of Zika.

In Europe, the only country that has Zika-carrying mosquitoes present is Georgia. Russia and Turkey, which are partially in Europe but mostly in Asia, also have Zika-carrying mosquitoes but no reported cases. All other European countries are free of Zika.

In Asia and Africa, several countries have Zika-carrying mosquitoes but no cases of human infection. They include Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, and China. In Africa, those countries include Madagascar, South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania, Congo, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Egypt, Chad, Niger, Mali, Equatorial Guinea, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea. Australia also has Zika-carrying mosquitoes but no reported cases.

No Zika-Carrying Mosquitoes

All countries not previously listed have no history of Zika-carrying misquotes or of Zika infections. In the Western hemisphere, those countries include Chile, Canada, and the Danish territory of Greenland. In Europe, those countries include all but Georgia and the portions of Russia and Turkey that are in Europe.

In Asia, countries with no history of Zika include Mongolia, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Israel, and Palestine. In Africa, those countries include Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya. New Zealand has no history of Zika.

Zika Virus Countries

Country Zika Information 2021 Population
AfghanistanNo mosquitoes that spread Zika39,835,428
AlbaniaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika2,872,933
AlgeriaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika44,616,624
American SamoaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak55,100
AndorraNo mosquitoes that spread Zika77,355
AngolaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak33,933,610
AnguillaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak15,117
Antigua And BarbudaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak98,731
ArgentinaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak45,605,826
ArmeniaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika2,968,127
ArubaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak107,204
AustraliaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases25,788,215
AustriaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika9,043,070
AzerbaijanNo mosquitoes that spread Zika10,223,342
BahamasCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak396,913
BahrainNo mosquitoes that spread Zika1,748,296
BangladeshCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak166,303,498
BarbadosCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak287,711
BelarusNo mosquitoes that spread Zika9,442,862
BelgiumNo mosquitoes that spread Zika11,632,326
BelizeCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak404,914
BeninWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases12,451,040
BermudaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika62,090
BhutanWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases779,898
BoliviaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak11,832,940
Bosnia And HerzegovinaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika3,263,466
BotswanaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases2,397,241
BrazilCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak213,993,437
British Virgin IslandsCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak30,421
BruneiWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases441,532
BulgariaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika6,896,663
Burkina FasoCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak21,497,096
BurundiCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak12,255,433
CambodiaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak16,946,438
CameroonCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak27,224,265
CanadaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika38,067,903
Cape VerdeCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak561,898
Cayman IslandsCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak66,497
Central African RepublicCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak4,919,981
ChadWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases16,914,985
ChileNo mosquitoes that spread Zika19,212,361
ChinaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases1,444,216,107
ColombiaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak51,265,844
ComorosNo mosquitoes that spread Zika888,451
Cook IslandsCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak17,565
Costa RicaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak5,139,052
CroatiaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika4,081,651
CubaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak11,317,505
CuracaoCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak164,798
CyprusNo mosquitoes that spread Zika1,215,584
Czech RepublicNo mosquitoes that spread Zika10,724,555
DenmarkNo mosquitoes that spread Zika5,813,298
DjiboutiWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases1,002,187
DominicaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak72,167
Dominican RepublicCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak10,953,703
DR CongoWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases92,377,993
EcuadorCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak17,888,475
EgyptWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases104,258,327
El SalvadorCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak6,518,499
Equatorial GuineaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases1,449,896
EritreaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases3,601,467
EstoniaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika1,325,185
EswatiniNo mosquitoes that spread Zika1,172,362
EthiopiaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak117,876,227
Falkland IslandsNo mosquitoes that spread Zika3,533
Faroe IslandsNo mosquitoes that spread Zika49,049
FijiCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak902,906
FinlandNo mosquitoes that spread Zika5,548,360
FranceNo mosquitoes that spread Zika65,426,179
French GuianaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak306,448
French PolynesiaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak282,530
GabonCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak2,278,825
GambiaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases2,486,945
GeorgiaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases3,979,765
GermanyNo mosquitoes that spread Zika83,900,473
GhanaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases31,732,129
GibraltarNo mosquitoes that spread Zika33,698
GreeceNo mosquitoes that spread Zika10,370,744
GreenlandNo mosquitoes that spread Zika56,877
GrenadaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak113,021
GuadeloupeCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak400,020
GuamWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases170,179
GuatemalaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak18,249,860
GuineaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases13,497,244
Guinea BissauCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak2,015,494
GuyanaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak790,326
HaitiCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak11,541,685
HondurasCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak10,062,991
Hong KongNo mosquitoes that spread Zika7,552,810
HungaryNo mosquitoes that spread Zika9,634,164
IcelandNo mosquitoes that spread Zika343,353
IndiaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak1,393,409,038
IndonesiaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak276,361,783
IranNo mosquitoes that spread Zika85,028,759
IraqNo mosquitoes that spread Zika41,179,350
IrelandNo mosquitoes that spread Zika4,982,907
Isle of ManNo mosquitoes that spread Zika85,410
IsraelNo mosquitoes that spread Zika8,789,774
ItalyNo mosquitoes that spread Zika60,367,477
Ivory CoastCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak27,053,629
JamaicaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak2,973,463
JapanNo mosquitoes that spread Zika126,050,804
JordanNo mosquitoes that spread Zika10,269,021
KazakhstanNo mosquitoes that spread Zika18,994,962
KenyaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases54,985,698
KiribatiWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases121,392
KuwaitNo mosquitoes that spread Zika4,328,550
KyrgyzstanNo mosquitoes that spread Zika6,628,356
LaosCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak7,379,358
LatviaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika1,866,942
LebanonNo mosquitoes that spread Zika6,769,146
LesothoNo mosquitoes that spread Zika2,159,079
LiberiaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases5,180,203
LibyaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika6,958,532
LiechtensteinNo mosquitoes that spread Zika38,250
LithuaniaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika2,689,862
LuxembourgNo mosquitoes that spread Zika634,814
MacauNo mosquitoes that spread Zika658,394
MadagascarWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases28,427,328
MalawiWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases19,647,684
MalaysiaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak32,776,194
MaldivesCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak543,617
MaliWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases20,855,735
MaltaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika442,784
Marshall IslandsCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak59,610
MartiniqueCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak374,745
MauritaniaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika4,775,119
MauritiusNo mosquitoes that spread Zika1,273,433
MayotteNo mosquitoes that spread Zika279,515
MexicoCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak130,262,216
MicronesiaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak116,254
MoldovaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika4,024,019
MonacoNo mosquitoes that spread Zika39,511
MongoliaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika3,329,289
MontenegroNo mosquitoes that spread Zika628,053
MontserratCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak4,977
MoroccoNo mosquitoes that spread Zika37,344,795
MozambiqueWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases32,163,047
MyanmarCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak54,806,012
NamibiaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases2,587,344
NauruWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases10,876
NepalWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases29,674,920
NetherlandsNo mosquitoes that spread Zika17,173,099
New CaledoniaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak288,218
New ZealandNo mosquitoes that spread Zika4,860,643
NicaraguaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak6,702,385
NigerWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases25,130,817
NigeriaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak211,400,708
NiueWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases1,619
North KoreaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika25,887,041
Northern Mariana IslandsWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases57,917
NorwayNo mosquitoes that spread Zika5,465,630
OmanWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases5,223,375
PakistanWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases225,199,937
PalauCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak18,169
PanamaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak4,381,579
Papua New GuineaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak9,119,010
ParaguayCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak7,219,638
PeruCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak33,359,418
PhilippinesCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak111,046,913
PolandNo mosquitoes that spread Zika37,797,005
PortugalNo mosquitoes that spread Zika10,167,925
Puerto RicoCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak2,828,255
QatarNo mosquitoes that spread Zika2,930,528
Republic of the CongoWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases5,657,013
ReunionNo mosquitoes that spread Zika901,686
RomaniaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika19,127,774
RussiaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases145,912,025
RwandaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases13,276,513
Saint Kitts And NevisCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak53,544
Saint LuciaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak184,400
Saint MartinCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak39,234
Saint Pierre And MiquelonNo mosquitoes that spread Zika5,766
Saint Vincent And the GrenadinesCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak111,263
SamoaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak200,149
San MarinoNo mosquitoes that spread Zika34,017
Sao Tome And PrincipeNo mosquitoes that spread Zika223,368
Saudi ArabiaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases35,340,683
SenegalCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak17,196,301
SerbiaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika8,697,550
SeychellesNo mosquitoes that spread Zika98,908
Sierra LeoneWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases8,141,343
SingaporeCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak5,896,686
Sint MaartenCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak43,412
SlovakiaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika5,460,721
SloveniaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika2,078,724
Solomon IslandsCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak703,996
SomaliaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases16,359,504
South AfricaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases60,041,994
South KoreaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika51,305,186
South SudanWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases11,381,378
SpainNo mosquitoes that spread Zika46,745,216
Sri LankaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases21,497,310
SudanWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases44,909,353
SurinameCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak591,800
SwedenNo mosquitoes that spread Zika10,160,169
SwitzerlandNo mosquitoes that spread Zika8,715,494
SyriaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika18,275,702
TaiwanWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases23,855,010
TajikistanNo mosquitoes that spread Zika9,749,627
TanzaniaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases61,498,437
ThailandCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak69,950,850
Timor LesteWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases1,343,873
TogoWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases8,478,250
TokelauWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases1,373
TongaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak106,760
Trinidad And TobagoCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak1,403,375
TunisiaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika11,935,766
TurkeyWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases85,042,738
TurkmenistanNo mosquitoes that spread Zika6,117,924
Turks And Caicos IslandsCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak39,231
TuvaluWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases11,931
UgandaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak47,123,531
UkraineNo mosquitoes that spread Zika43,466,819
United Arab EmiratesNo mosquitoes that spread Zika9,991,089
United KingdomNo mosquitoes that spread Zika68,207,116
United StatesCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak332,915,073
United States Virgin IslandsCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak104,226
UruguayWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases3,485,151
UzbekistanNo mosquitoes that spread Zika33,935,763
VanuatuCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak314,464
Vatican CityNo mosquitoes that spread Zika800
VenezuelaCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak28,704,954
VietnamCurrent or past transmission but no Zika outbreak98,168,833
Wallis And FutunaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases11,094
Western SaharaNo mosquitoes that spread Zika611,875
YemenWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases30,490,640
ZambiaWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases18,920,651
ZimbabweWith mosquitoes but no reported Zika cases15,092,171

Zika Virus Countries