Crusader States 2020

Back in the year 1095, a series of wars that are now known as the Crusades began to unfold in and around the Holy Land. Taking place during the Medieval Era, the First Crusade began in 1095 and lasted for four years until the warfare ceased in 1099.

Following the First Crusade, the Second Crusade began in 1144. The Third Crusade came to life in about 1187, while the Fourth Crusade is noted as beginning in the year 1202. There were six wars to follow, and all of the related wars had ended by the year 1272.

The First Crusade

  • Timeline: 1095-1099
  • Duration in years: four years
  • Leader: Count Raymond IV of Toulouse

Second Crusade

  • Timeline: 1144-1155
  • Duration in years: eleven years
  • Leaders: -- The Holy Roman Emperor, Conrad III -- The king of France, King Louis VII

The Third Crusade

  • Timeline: 1187-1192
  • Duration in years: five years
  • Leaders: -- The Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick I -- the Lionheart of England -- Richard Philip the Second of France

The Fourth Crusade

  • Timeline: 1202-1204
  • Duration in years: two years
  • Leader: Fulk of Neuil French

The Children’s Crusade

  • Timeline: 1212
  • Duration in years: less than one
  • Leader: Stephen of Cloyes

The Fifth Crusade

  • Timeline: 1217-1221
  • Duration in years: four years
  • Leader: -- Duke Leopold VI of Austria
    -- John of Brienne -- King Andrew II of Hungary

The Sixth Crusade

  • Timeline: 1228-1229
  • Duration in years: less than one year
  • Leaders: The Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II

The Seventh Crusade

  • Timeline: 1248-1254
  • Duration in years: six years
  • Leaders: the king of France, Louis IX

The Eighth Crusade

  • Timeline: 1270
  • Duration in years: less than one year
  • Leaders: the king of France, Louis IX

The Ninth Crusade

  • Timeline: 1271-1272
  • Duration in years: less than one year
  • Leaders: the prince, then king, of England, Edward I

The Four States of the Crusades

There are four Crusader States, which include…

  • The County of Edessa
  • The County of Tripoli
  • The Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • The Principality of Antioch

The primary goal of the Crusades as a whole was to affirm that the lands overrun by Christians remained in the hands of this religious group of people. After consuming and overpowering the people who lived in these regions, the Christian soldiers wanted to stake their claims over the people and the land, probably for the sake of influence, to some degree.

You may be wondering what happened to start the Crusades in general, and that is actually a very legitimate, reasonable question. In the year of 1095, a powerful group of Muslim Seljuk Turkish individuals were making their way towards Jerusalem City.

The emperor of Byzantine at the time was a man by the name of Alexious I Komneenos, and when he came to understand that the Turks were on the way over, he pleaded with for help.

Western leaders The pope at the time was Pope Urban II, and he was so adamant about supporting Byzamtine Empire emperor, Alexios, because the Muslim Seljuk Turks had captured the city of Jerusalem, which displayed just how powerful and capable that army of men were.

The seizing of Jerusalem took place in the year 1087 CE, and by 1095 CE, Pople Urban II released an army of over sixty thousand men, as well as upwards of six thousand knights. The First Crusade took place following the pope's Council of Clermont rally.

Nowadays, the Crusader States are located in modern-day Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey. But during the years in which the Crusades were unfolding, the Crusader States were inclusive of four main locations. Let's talk about the four Crusader states in greater detail.

The Crusaders were flowing in from Western Europe, and the goal of these religiously-affiliated Western Europeans was to regain control of the areas now occupied by government officials, and they began with successfully capturing Jerusalem. After taking back control of the Holy City, the Crusaders made their way to other parts of nearby areas, which resulted in the four Crusader states.

First, they took control of the County of Edessa. The Principality of Antioch, the Kingdom of Jerusalem, and the County of Tripoli followed in succession in that chronological order. The Crusader states were one of the first instances in which Europeans were in control of land beyond their own continent, given the nature of these areas and their positioning outside of Europe.

The County of Edessa

The County of Edessa was gripped onto by Crusaders in 1098. Their power over the region was lost in 1149. Edessa was land that is now part of modern-day Turkey.

The County of Tripoli

Crusaders invaded and seized the County of Tripoli in 1104. Ultimately, by the year 1289, the Crusaders were forced to abandon the County of Tripoli. The County of Tripoli was comprised of land now thought to be parts of Lebanon, Syria, and Tripoli.

The Kingdom of Jerusalem

The Kingdom of Jerusalem was taken over by Crusaders in the year 1099. Crusaders kept hold of the Kingdom of Jerusalem until the year 1291, at which point a city called Acre fell and the Crusaders were forced to flee. Within the Kingdom of Jerusalem were four places referred to as lordships. These lordships were named...

  • The County of Jaffa and Ascalon
  • The Lordship of Oultrejordain
  • The Lordship of Sidon
  • The Principality of Galilee

The Kingdom of Jerusalem was in place for just under two hundred years, but when the Mamluks came into the picture in the year 1291, the hold that the Crusaders once had on the Kingdom of Jerusalem was no more. The Kingdom of Jerusalem was invaded during the Third Crusade in 1192, as well as once more following the Sixth Crusade.

The Principality of Antioch

Just like the County of Edessa, the Principality of Antioch was seized by Crusaders in 1098, but that power did not last forever. Crusaders relinquished their hold on the area in 1268. As the smallest Crusader state by comparison of total area values, the Principality of Antioch comprised parts of Syria and Turkey as we know them to be today.

Crusader States 2020

Country Population 2020
China1,439,323,776
India1,380,004,385
United States331,002,651
Indonesia273,523,615
Pakistan220,892,340
Brazil212,559,417
Nigeria206,139,589
Bangladesh164,689,383
Russia145,934,462
Mexico128,932,753
Japan126,476,461
Ethiopia114,963,588
Philippines109,581,078
Egypt102,334,404
Vietnam97,338,579
Dr Congo89,561,403
Turkey84,339,067
Iran83,992,949
Germany83,783,942
Thailand69,799,978
United Kingdom67,886,011
France65,273,511
Italy60,461,826
Tanzania59,734,218
South Africa59,308,690
Myanmar54,409,800
Kenya53,771,296
South Korea51,269,185
Colombia50,882,891
Spain46,754,778
Uganda45,741,007
Argentina45,195,774
Algeria43,851,044
Sudan43,849,260
Ukraine43,733,762
Iraq40,222,493
Afghanistan38,928,346
Poland37,846,611
Canada37,742,154
Morocco36,910,560
Saudi Arabia34,813,871
Uzbekistan33,469,203
Peru32,971,854
Angola32,866,272
Malaysia32,365,999
Mozambique31,255,435
Ghana31,072,940
Yemen29,825,964
Nepal29,136,808
Venezuela28,435,940
Madagascar27,691,018
Cameroon26,545,863
Ivory Coast26,378,274
North Korea25,778,816
Australia25,499,884
Niger24,206,644
Taiwan23,816,775
Sri Lanka21,413,249
Burkina Faso20,903,273
Mali20,250,833
Romania19,237,691
Malawi19,129,952
Chile19,116,201
Kazakhstan18,776,707
Zambia18,383,955
Guatemala17,915,568
Ecuador17,643,054
Syria17,500,658
Netherlands17,134,872
Senegal16,743,927
Cambodia16,718,965
Chad16,425,864
Somalia15,893,222
Zimbabwe14,862,924
Guinea13,132,795
Rwanda12,952,218
Benin12,123,200
Burundi11,890,784
Tunisia11,818,619
Bolivia11,673,021
Belgium11,589,623
Haiti11,402,528
Cuba11,326,616
South Sudan11,193,725
Dominican Republic10,847,910
Czech Republic10,708,981
Greece10,423,054
Jordan10,203,134
Portugal10,196,709
Azerbaijan10,139,177
Sweden10,099,265
Honduras9,904,607
United Arab Emirates9,890,402
Hungary9,660,351
Tajikistan9,537,645
Belarus9,449,323
Austria9,006,398
Papua New Guinea8,947,024
Serbia8,737,371
Israel8,655,535
Switzerland8,654,622
Togo8,278,724
Sierra Leone7,976,983
Hong Kong7,496,981
Laos7,275,560
Paraguay7,132,538
Bulgaria6,948,445
Libya6,871,292
Lebanon6,825,445
Nicaragua6,624,554
Kyrgyzstan6,524,195
El Salvador6,486,205
Turkmenistan6,031,200
Singapore5,850,342
Denmark5,792,202
Finland5,540,720
Republic Of The Congo5,518,087
Slovakia5,459,642
Norway5,421,241
Oman5,106,626
Palestine5,101,414
Costa Rica5,094,118
Liberia5,057,681
Ireland4,937,786
Central African Republic4,829,767
New Zealand4,822,233
Mauritania4,649,658
Panama4,314,767
Kuwait4,270,571
Croatia4,105,267
Moldova4,033,963
Georgia3,989,167
Eritrea3,546,421
Uruguay3,473,730
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,280,819
Mongolia3,278,290
Armenia2,963,243
Jamaica2,961,167
Qatar2,881,053
Albania2,877,797
Puerto Rico2,860,853
Lithuania2,722,289
Namibia2,540,905
Gambia2,416,668
Botswana2,351,627
Gabon2,225,734
Lesotho2,142,249
Macedonia2,083,374
Slovenia2,078,938
Guinea Bissau1,968,001
Latvia1,886,198
Bahrain1,701,575
Equatorial Guinea1,402,985
Trinidad And Tobago1,399,488
Estonia1,326,535
Timor Leste1,318,445
Mauritius1,271,768
Cyprus1,207,359
Swaziland1,160,164
Djibouti988,000
Fiji896,445
Reunion895,312
Comoros869,601
Guyana786,552
Bhutan771,608
Solomon Islands686,884
Macau649,335
Montenegro628,066
Luxembourg625,978
Western Sahara597,339
Suriname586,632
Cape Verde555,987
Maldives540,544
Malta441,543
Brunei437,479
Guadeloupe400,124
Belize397,628
Bahamas393,244
Martinique375,265
Iceland341,243
Vanuatu307,145
French Guiana298,682
Barbados287,375
New Caledonia285,498
French Polynesia280,908
Mayotte272,815
Sao Tome And Principe219,159
Samoa198,414
Saint Lucia183,627
Guam168,775
Curacao164,093
Kiribati119,449
Micronesia115,023
Grenada112,523
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,940
Aruba106,766
Tonga105,695
United States Virgin Islands104,425
Seychelles98,347
Antigua And Barbuda97,929
Isle Of Man85,033
Andorra77,265
Dominica71,986
Cayman Islands65,722
Bermuda62,278
Marshall Islands59,190
Northern Mariana Islands57,559
Greenland56,770
American Samoa55,191
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,199
Faroe Islands48,863
Sint Maarten42,876
Monaco39,242
Turks And Caicos Islands38,717
Saint Martin38,666
Liechtenstein38,128
San Marino33,931
Gibraltar33,691
British Virgin Islands30,231
Palau18,094
Cook Islands17,564
Anguilla15,003
Tuvalu11,792
Wallis And Futuna11,239
Nauru10,824
Saint Barthelemy9,877
Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,794
Montserrat4,992
Falkland Islands3,480
Niue1,626
Tokelau1,357
Vatican City801