Crusader States 2021

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Back in the year 1095, a series of wars that are now known as the Crusades began to unfold in and around the Holy Land. Taking place during the Medieval Era, the First Crusade began in 1095 and lasted for four years until the warfare ceased in 1099.

Following the First Crusade, the Second Crusade began in 1144. The Third Crusade came to life in about 1187, while the Fourth Crusade is noted as beginning in the year 1202. There were six wars to follow, and all of the related wars had ended by the year 1272.

The First Crusade

  • Timeline: 1095-1099
  • Duration in years: four years
  • Leader: Count Raymond IV of Toulouse

Second Crusade

  • Timeline: 1144-1155
  • Duration in years: eleven years
  • Leaders: -- The Holy Roman Emperor, Conrad III -- The king of France, King Louis VII

The Third Crusade

  • Timeline: 1187-1192
  • Duration in years: five years
  • Leaders:
  • The Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick I
  • the Lionheart of England
  • Richard Philip the Second of France

The Fourth Crusade

  • Timeline: 1202-1204
  • Duration in years: two years
  • Leader: Fulk of Neuil French

The Children’s Crusade

  • Timeline: 1212
  • Duration in years: less than one
  • Leader: Stephen of Cloyes

The Fifth Crusade

  • Timeline: 1217-1221
  • Duration in years: four years
  • Leader:
  • Duke Leopold VI of Austria
  • John of Brienne
  • King Andrew II of Hungary

The Sixth Crusade

  • Timeline: 1228-1229
  • Duration in years: less than one year
  • Leaders: The Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II

The Seventh Crusade

  • Timeline: 1248-1254
  • Duration in years: six years
  • Leaders: the king of France, Louis IX

The Eighth Crusade

  • Timeline: 1270
  • Duration in years: less than one year
  • Leaders: the king of France, Louis IX

The Ninth Crusade

  • Timeline: 1271-1272
  • Duration in years: less than one year
  • Leaders: the prince, then king, of England, Edward I

The Four States of the Crusades

There are four Crusader States, which include…

  • The County of Edessa
  • The County of Tripoli
  • The Kingdom of Jerusalem
  • The Principality of Antioch

The primary goal of the Crusades as a whole was to affirm that the lands overrun by Christians remained in the hands of this religious group of people. After consuming and overpowering the people who lived in these regions, the Christian soldiers wanted to stake their claims over the people and the land, probably for the sake of influence, to some degree.

You may be wondering what happened to start the Crusades in general, and that is actually a very legitimate, reasonable question. In the year of 1095, a powerful group of Muslim Seljuk Turkish individuals were making their way towards Jerusalem City.

The emperor of Byzantine at the time was a man by the name of Alexious I Komneenos, and when he came to understand that the Turks were on the way over, he pleaded with for help.

Western leaders The pope at the time was Pope Urban II, and he was so adamant about supporting Byzamtine Empire emperor, Alexios, because the Muslim Seljuk Turks had captured the city of Jerusalem, which displayed just how powerful and capable that army of men were.

The seizing of Jerusalem took place in the year 1087 CE, and by 1095 CE, Pople Urban II released an army of over sixty thousand men, as well as upwards of six thousand knights. The First Crusade took place following the pope's Council of Clermont rally.

Nowadays, the Crusader States are located in modern-day Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey. But during the years in which the Crusades were unfolding, the Crusader States were inclusive of four main locations. Let's talk about the four Crusader states in greater detail.

The Crusaders were flowing in from Western Europe, and the goal of these religiously-affiliated Western Europeans was to regain control of the areas now occupied by government officials, and they began with successfully capturing Jerusalem. After taking back control of the Holy City, the Crusaders made their way to other parts of nearby areas, which resulted in the four Crusader states.

First, they took control of the County of Edessa. The Principality of Antioch, the Kingdom of Jerusalem, and the County of Tripoli followed in succession in that chronological order. The Crusader states were one of the first instances in which Europeans were in control of land beyond their own continent, given the nature of these areas and their positioning outside of Europe.

The County of Edessa

The County of Edessa was gripped onto by Crusaders in 1098. Their power over the region was lost in 1149. Edessa was land that is now part of modern-day Turkey.

The County of Tripoli

Crusaders invaded and seized the County of Tripoli in 1104. Ultimately, by the year 1289, the Crusaders were forced to abandon the County of Tripoli. The County of Tripoli was comprised of land now thought to be parts of Lebanon, Syria, and Tripoli.

The Kingdom of Jerusalem

The Kingdom of Jerusalem was taken over by Crusaders in the year 1099. Crusaders kept hold of the Kingdom of Jerusalem until the year 1291, at which point a city called Acre fell and the Crusaders were forced to flee. Within the Kingdom of Jerusalem were four places referred to as lordships. These lordships were named...

  • The County of Jaffa and Ascalon
  • The Lordship of Oultrejordain
  • The Lordship of Sidon
  • The Principality of Galilee

The Kingdom of Jerusalem was in place for just under two hundred years, but when the Mamluks came into the picture in the year 1291, the hold that the Crusaders once had on the Kingdom of Jerusalem was no more. The Kingdom of Jerusalem was invaded during the Third Crusade in 1192, as well as once more following the Sixth Crusade.

The Principality of Antioch

Just like the County of Edessa, the Principality of Antioch was seized by Crusaders in 1098, but that power did not last forever. Crusaders relinquished their hold on the area in 1268. As the smallest Crusader state by comparison of total area values, the Principality of Antioch comprised parts of Syria and Turkey as we know them to be today.

Crusader States 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population
China1,444,216,107
India1,393,409,038
United States332,915,073
Indonesia276,361,783
Pakistan225,199,937
Brazil213,993,437
Nigeria211,400,708
Bangladesh166,303,498
Russia145,912,025
Mexico130,262,216
Japan126,050,804
Ethiopia117,876,227
Philippines111,046,913
Egypt104,258,327
Vietnam98,168,833
Dr Congo92,377,993
Turkey85,042,738
Iran85,028,759
Germany83,900,473
Thailand69,950,850
United Kingdom68,207,116
France65,426,179
Tanzania61,498,437
Italy60,367,477
South Africa60,041,994
Kenya54,985,698
Myanmar54,806,012
South Korea51,305,186
Colombia51,265,844
Uganda47,123,531
Spain46,745,216
Argentina45,605,826
Sudan44,909,353
Algeria44,616,624
Ukraine43,466,819
Iraq41,179,350
Afghanistan39,835,428
Canada38,067,903
Poland37,797,005
Morocco37,344,795
Saudi Arabia35,340,683
Uzbekistan33,935,763
Angola33,933,610
Peru33,359,418
Malaysia32,776,194
Mozambique32,163,047
Ghana31,732,129
Yemen30,490,640
Nepal29,674,920
Venezuela28,704,954
Madagascar28,427,328
Cameroon27,224,265
Ivory Coast27,053,629
North Korea25,887,041
Australia25,788,215
Niger25,130,817
Taiwan23,855,010
Sri Lanka21,497,310
Burkina Faso21,497,096
Mali20,855,735
Malawi19,647,684
Chile19,212,361
Romania19,127,774
Kazakhstan18,994,962
Zambia18,920,651
Syria18,275,702
Guatemala18,249,860
Ecuador17,888,475
Senegal17,196,301
Netherlands17,173,099
Cambodia16,946,438
Chad16,914,985
Somalia16,359,504
Zimbabwe15,092,171
Guinea13,497,244
Rwanda13,276,513
Benin12,451,040
Burundi12,255,433
Tunisia11,935,766
Bolivia11,832,940
Belgium11,632,326
Haiti11,541,685
South Sudan11,381,378
Cuba11,317,505
Dominican Republic10,953,703
Czech Republic10,724,555
Greece10,370,744
Jordan10,269,021
Azerbaijan10,223,342
Portugal10,167,925
Sweden10,160,169
Honduras10,062,991
United Arab Emirates9,991,089
Tajikistan9,749,627
Hungary9,634,164
Belarus9,442,862
Papua New Guinea9,119,010
Austria9,043,070
Israel8,789,774
Switzerland8,715,494
Serbia8,697,550
Togo8,478,250
Sierra Leone8,141,343
Hong Kong7,552,810
Laos7,379,358
Paraguay7,219,638
Libya6,958,532
Bulgaria6,896,663
Lebanon6,769,146
Nicaragua6,702,385
Kyrgyzstan6,628,356
El Salvador6,518,499
Turkmenistan6,117,924
Singapore5,896,686
Denmark5,813,298
Republic Of The Congo5,657,013
Finland5,548,360
Norway5,465,630
Slovakia5,460,721
Oman5,223,375
Palestine5,222,748
Liberia5,180,203
Costa Rica5,139,052
Ireland4,982,907
Central African Republic4,919,981
New Zealand4,860,643
Mauritania4,775,119
Panama4,381,579
Kuwait4,328,550
Croatia4,081,651
Moldova4,024,019
Georgia3,979,765
Eritrea3,601,467
Uruguay3,485,151
Mongolia3,329,289
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,466
Jamaica2,973,463
Armenia2,968,127
Qatar2,930,528
Albania2,872,933
Puerto Rico2,828,255
Lithuania2,689,862
Namibia2,587,344
Gambia2,486,945
Botswana2,397,241
Gabon2,278,825
Lesotho2,159,079
North Macedonia2,082,658
Slovenia2,078,724
Guinea Bissau2,015,494
Latvia1,866,942
Bahrain1,748,296
Equatorial Guinea1,449,896
Trinidad And Tobago1,403,375
Timor Leste1,343,873
Estonia1,325,185
Mauritius1,273,433
Cyprus1,215,584
Eswatini1,172,362
Djibouti1,002,187
Fiji902,906
Reunion901,686
Comoros888,451
Guyana790,326
Bhutan779,898
Solomon Islands703,996
Macau658,394
Luxembourg634,814
Montenegro628,053
Western Sahara611,875
Suriname591,800
Cape Verde561,898
Maldives543,617
Malta442,784
Brunei441,532
Belize404,914
Guadeloupe400,020
Bahamas396,913
Martinique374,745
Iceland343,353
Vanuatu314,464
French Guiana306,448
New Caledonia288,218
Barbados287,711
French Polynesia282,530
Mayotte279,515
Sao Tome And Principe223,368
Samoa200,149
Saint Lucia184,400
Guam170,179
Curacao164,798
Kiribati121,392
Micronesia116,254
Grenada113,021
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines111,263
Aruba107,204
Tonga106,760
United States Virgin Islands104,226
Seychelles98,908
Antigua And Barbuda98,731
Isle Of Man85,410
Andorra77,355
Dominica72,167
Cayman Islands66,497
Bermuda62,090
Marshall Islands59,610
Northern Mariana Islands57,917
Greenland56,877
American Samoa55,100
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,544
Faroe Islands49,049
Sint Maarten43,412
Monaco39,511
Saint Martin39,234
Turks And Caicos Islands39,231
Liechtenstein38,250
San Marino34,017
Gibraltar33,698
British Virgin Islands30,421
Palau18,169
Cook Islands17,565
Anguilla15,117
Tuvalu11,931
Wallis And Futuna11,094
Nauru10,876
Saint Barthelemy9,907
Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,766
Montserrat4,977
Falkland Islands3,533
Niue1,619
Tokelau1,373
Vatican City800

Crusader States 2021