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German States 2024

The nation of Germany has a federal governmental structure that divides the country into 16 states. Each state has to follow federal laws, as well as state-specific laws that vary from state to state. These states were designated following the reunification the nation in 1990, although some states have roots dating back to the early Middle Ages while others were created following World War II. Of these 16 states, three are designated as city-states.

Each German state has its own capital city and its own state flag. The 16 cities of Germany, in alphabetical order, include:

  • Baden-Wurttemberg
  • Lower Saxony
  • Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
  • Saarland
  • Saxony
  • Saxony-Anhalt
  • Schleswig-Holstein
  • Thuringia

Of these states, the three largest by area are Bavaria, Lower Saxony, and Baden-Wurttemberg. The smallest state is Bremen, which has a total area of just 420 square kilometers.

By population, the largest state is North Rhine-Westphalia, which has a total population of over 17 million. Two additional German states have populations of at least 10 million: Bavaria and Baden-Wurttemberg. The smallest state by population is Bremen, which has a population of just 671,000 people. Saarland is the second-least-populous state and the only other state that mas a population of fewer than one million people.

The oldest German states are North Rhine-Westphalia, Bavaria, Lower Saxony, Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, and Bremen, each of which has been a part of the Federal Republic of Germany since 1949.

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Country
Population
Afghanistan43,372,950
Albania2,826,020
Algeria46,278,751
American Samoa43,544
Andorra80,341
Angola37,804,634
Anguilla15,936
Antigua and Barbuda94,816
Argentina46,057,866
Armenia2,777,979
Aruba106,177
Australia26,699,482
Austria8,977,139
Azerbaijan10,462,904
Bahamas415,223
Bahrain1,498,712
Bangladesh174,701,211
Barbados282,309
Belarus9,455,037
Belgium11,715,774
Belize416,656
Benin14,080,072
Bermuda63,935
Bhutan792,382
Bolivia12,567,336
Bosnia and Herzegovina3,194,378
Botswana2,719,694
Brazil217,637,297
British Virgin Islands31,763
Brunei455,858
Bulgaria6,618,615
Burkina Faso23,840,247
Burundi13,591,657
Cambodia17,121,847
Cameroon29,394,433
Canada39,107,046
Cape Verde604,461
Cayman Islands69,885
Central African Republic5,915,627
Chad18,847,148
Chile19,658,839
China1,425,178,782
Colombia52,340,774
Comoros867,605
Cook Islands17,072
Costa Rica5,246,714
Croatia3,986,627
Cuba11,174,587
Curacao192,965
Cyprus1,268,467
Czech Republic10,503,734
Denmark5,939,695
Djibouti1,152,329
Dominica73,368
Dominican Republic11,434,005
DR Congo105,625,114
Ecuador18,377,367
Egypt114,484,252
El Salvador6,396,289
Equatorial Guinea1,754,993
Eritrea3,817,651
Estonia1,319,041
Eswatini1,222,075
Ethiopia129,719,719
Falkland Islands3,803
Faroe Islands53,444
Fiji943,072
Finland5,549,886
France64,881,830
French Guiana319,796
French Polynesia311,383
Gabon2,484,557
Gambia2,841,803
Georgia3,717,425
Germany83,252,474
Ghana34,777,522
Gibraltar32,718
Greece10,302,720
Greenland56,789
Grenada126,887
Guadeloupe396,346
Guam174,114
Guatemala18,358,430
Guernsey63,788
Guinea14,528,770
Guinea Bissau2,197,149
Guyana819,594
Haiti11,867,030
Honduras10,759,406
Hong Kong7,496,681
Hungary9,994,993
Iceland377,689
India1,441,719,852
Indonesia279,798,049
Iran89,809,781
Iraq46,523,657
Ireland5,089,478
Isle of Man84,904
Israel9,311,652
Italy58,697,744
Ivory Coast29,603,302
Jamaica2,824,738
Japan122,631,432
Jersey112,843
Jordan11,384,922
Kazakhstan19,828,165
Kenya56,203,030
Kiribati135,763
Kuwait4,349,380
Kyrgyzstan6,839,606
Laos7,736,681
Latvia1,810,240
Lebanon5,219,044
Lesotho2,356,083
Liberia5,536,949
Libya6,964,197
Liechtenstein39,822
Lithuania2,692,798
Luxembourg661,594
Macau713,082
Madagascar31,056,610
Malawi21,475,962
Malaysia34,671,895
Maldives517,887
Mali24,015,789
Malta536,740
Marshall Islands42,415
Martinique366,416
Mauritania4,993,922
Mauritius1,301,978
Mayotte345,996
Mexico129,388,467
Micronesia116,300
Moldova3,329,865
Monaco36,157
Mongolia3,493,629
Montenegro626,102
Montserrat4,372
Morocco38,211,459
Mozambique34,858,402
Myanmar54,964,694
Namibia2,645,805
Nauru12,884
Nepal31,240,315
Netherlands17,671,125
New Caledonia295,966
New Zealand5,269,939
Nicaragua7,142,529
Niger28,238,972
Nigeria229,152,217
Niue1,935
North Korea26,244,582
North Macedonia2,082,706
Northern Mariana Islands50,025
Norway5,514,477
Oman4,713,553
Pakistan245,209,815
Palau18,051
Palestine5,494,963
Panama4,527,961
Papua New Guinea10,515,788
Paraguay6,947,270
Peru34,683,444
Philippines119,106,224
Poland40,221,726
Portugal10,223,349
Puerto Rico3,268,802
Qatar2,737,061
Republic of the Congo6,244,547
Reunion989,350
Romania19,618,996
Russia143,957,079
Rwanda14,414,910
Saint Barthelemy11,019
Saint Kitts and Nevis47,847
Saint Lucia180,805
Saint Martin32,337
Saint Pierre and Miquelon5,815
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines103,683
Samoa228,966
San Marino33,614
Sao Tome and Principe236,381
Saudi Arabia37,473,929
Senegal18,221,567
Serbia7,097,028
Seychelles108,263
Sierra Leone8,977,972
Singapore6,052,709
Sint Maarten44,309
Slovakia5,702,832
Slovenia2,118,965
Solomon Islands756,673
Somalia18,706,922
South Africa61,020,221
South Korea51,741,963
South Sudan11,277,092
Spain47,473,373
Sri Lanka21,949,268
Sudan49,358,228
Suriname628,785
Sweden10,673,669
Switzerland8,851,431
Syria24,348,053
Taiwan23,950,214
Tajikistan10,331,513
Tanzania69,419,073
Thailand71,885,799
Timor Leste1,379,883
Togo9,260,864
Tokelau1,915
Tonga108,683
Trinidad and Tobago1,538,200
Tunisia12,564,689
Turkey86,260,417
Turkmenistan6,598,071
Turks and Caicos Islands46,431
Tuvalu11,478
Uganda49,924,252
Ukraine37,937,821
United Arab Emirates9,591,853
United Kingdom67,961,439
United States341,814,420
United States Virgin Islands98,055
Uruguay3,423,316
Uzbekistan35,673,804
Vanuatu342,325
Vatican City764
Venezuela29,395,334
Vietnam99,497,680
Wallis and Futuna11,439
Western Sahara598,385
Yemen35,219,853
Zambia21,134,695
Zimbabwe17,020,321
showing: 234 rows

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State Name
State Legitimacy
State Capital
Surface Area, km²
Baden-Württemberg11.10Stuttgart35,751
Bavaria13.10Munich70,552
Berlin3.70Berlin892
Brandenburg2.50Potsdam29,486
Bremen0.70Bremen419
Hamburg1.80Hamburg755
Hesse6.30Wiesbaden21,115
Lower Saxony8Hanover47,635
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania1.60Schwerin23,180
North Rhine-Westphalia17.90Düsseldorf34,098
Rhineland-Palatinate4.10Mainz19,853
Saarland1Saarbrücken2,570
Saxony4.10Dresden18,416
Saxony-Anhalt2.20Magdeburg20,446
Schleswig-Holstein2.90Kiel15,799
Thuringia2.10Erfurt16,173

German States 2024

What are the 16 states in Germany?

The 16 states of Germany are Baden-Wurttemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, and Thuringia.

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