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NATO Spending by Country 2024

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization – or NATO is a military and political alliance used to guarantee each of its members' security and freedom. Created after World War II, the goal of NATO is to promote democratic values, cooperate on defense and security issues, and to build trust among members. This, in turn, helps prevent conflict from occurring. NATO also promotes a peaceful resolution of disputes. However, if diplomatic efforts do not work, the military alliance is used for crisis-management operations.

As of 2022, there are 30 members of NATO. Those nations include: Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland (which has no standing military), Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Minimum required defense spending by NATO countries

During the 2014 summit, all NATO members agreed to spend at least 2% of their GDPs on defense by 2025. In 2017, only four nations met the threshold: The United States (3.6%), Greece (2.4%), the United Kingdom (2.1%), and Poland (2.0%). However, by 2021, ten countries were meeting the percentage target.

Top 10 NATO Countries with the Highest Defense Expenditures (by % of 2021 GDP)

Country
% of GDP 2023
Poland3.9%
United States3.49%
Greece3.01%
Estonia2.73%
Lithuania2.54%
Finland2.45%
Romania2.44%
Hungary2.43%
Latvia2.27%
United Kingdom2.07%

When examined by total dollar amounts spent instead of percentage of GDP, the top 10 list changes a bit.

Top 10 NATO Countries with the Highest Defense Expenditures (by total US$)

Country
Defense Spending 2023
United States$860,000
Germany$68,080
United Kingdom$65,763
France$56,649
Italy$31,585
Poland$29,105
Canada$28,950
Spain$19,179
Netherlands$16,741
Turkey$15,842
  • Figures for 2022 and 2023 are presented by source as estimates.
  • Sweden was admitted into NATO in 2024. As such, it will not appear on NATO spending lists until 2024 data becomes available.

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Country
% of GDP 2023
Defense Spending 2023 (Million USD)
Defense Spending per Capita 2023
% of GDP 2022
Defense Spending 2022 (Million USD)
Defense Spending per Capita 2022
% of Change From 2014-2023
Poland3.9%$29,105$7242.4%$16,580$412189.47%
United States3.49%$860,000$2,5163.45%$821,830$2,40412.61%
Greece3.01%$7,125$6923.86%$8,488$82450.33%
Estonia2.73%$1,170$8872.16%$821$62277.48%
Lithuania2.54%$1,990$7392.47%$1,738$645270.64%
Finland2.45%$7,325$1,3201.68%$4,726$85289.36%
Romania2.44%$8,481$4321.72%$5,195$265152.15%
Hungary2.43%$5,036$5041.82%$3,278$328269.58%
Latvia2.27%$1,028$5682.08%$857$473197.77%
United Kingdom2.07%$65,763$9682.16%$66,651$9816.84%
Slovakia2.03%$2,620$4591.81%$2,090$366153.2%
France1.9%$56,649$8731.88%$52,289$80615.2%
North Macedonia1.87%$294$1411.62%$221$106104.72%
Montenegro1.87%$131$2091.41%$86$13758.61%
Bulgaria1.84%$1,855$2801.62%$1,440$21878.51%
Croatia1.79%$1,394$3501.82%$1,285$32228.43%
Albania1.76%$371$1311.21%$231$8272.41%
Netherlands1.7%$16,741$9471.63%$15,606$88374.95%
Norway1.67%$8,814$1,5981.51%$8,723$1,58225.29%
Denmark1.65%$6,775$1,1411.38%$5,420$91373.13%
Germany1.57%$68,080$8181.49%$60,788$73044.22%
Czech Republic1.5%$5,033$4791.34%$3,896$37193.85%
Portugal1.48%$4,167$4081.42%$3,574$35035.9%
Italy1.46%$31,585$5381.51%$30,307$51637.39%
Canada1.38%$28,950$7401.22%$26,046$66657.54%
Slovenia1.35%$928$4381.25%$777$36783.01%
Turkey1.31%$15,842$1841.36%$12,286$14237.78%
Spain1.26%$19,179$4041.07%$14,897$31458.01%
Belgium1.13%$7,076$6041.19%$6,880$58733.72%
Luxembourg0.72%$609$9210.62%$511$772135.08%
Total0%$1.26 Mn0%$1.18 Mn0%
showing: 30 rows

Who is the biggest spender in NATO?

The United States spends $811, 140, which ranks it as the biggest NATO spender.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources