North America States 2022

It's fairly common knowledge that the United States of America is made up of many states—the country's name makes it fairly clear. However, far fewer people may realize that the U.S. is not the only North American country with states. The country's southern neighbor, Mexico, has 32 states of its own (and one non-state federal entity), and its northern ally, Canada, is divided into a dozen provinces, which are identical to states in function and purpose, if not in name. All told, the total number of states in North America is not just 50, but more than 90.

The 50 states of the United States of America

Whether one is new to North America or has been here for years, it's helpful to know all 50 states that make up the United States. The U.S. is often divided into several smaller regions to help users envision the general area in which a state is located, but exactly how many such regions exist and which states are included in which region depends heavily upon the source. For example, the National Centers for Environmental Information divide the country into nine regions, while the National Weather service uses a four-region system—and the U.S. Climate Divisional Dataset contains 344 regions.

State Date Admitted State Date Admitted
Alabama 1819 Montana 1889
Alaska 1959 Nebraska 1867
Arizona 1912 Nevada 1864
Arkansas 1836 New Hampshire 1788
California 1850 New Jersey 1787
Colorado 1876 New Mexico 1912
Connecticut 1788 New York 1788
Delaware 1787 North Carolina 1789
Florida 1845 North Dakota 1889
Georgia 1788 Ohio 1803
Hawaii 1959 Oklahoma 1907
Idaho 1890 Oregon 1859
Illinois 1818 Pennsylvania 1787
Iowa 1846 South Carolina 1788
Kansas 1861 South Dakota 1889
Kentucky 1792 Tennessee 1796
Louisana 1812 Texas 1845
Maine 1820 Utah 1896
Maryland 1788 Vermont 1791
Massachusetts 1788 Virginia 1788
Michigan 1837 Washington 1889
Minnesota 1858 West Virginia 1863
Mississippi 1817 Wisconsin 1848
Missouri 1821 Wyoming 1890

In addition to the 50 states, the U.S. includes one federal district: Washington D.C., formally known as the District of Columbia. The seat of the United States' federal government, Washington D.C. has an area of roughly 68.34 mi² (177.0 km²) and a population approaching 700,000 people. In contrast to Mexico's empowered capital, Mexico City, Washington D.C. has no real political power of its own. The district has no constitution, no representation in the Senate, and only non-voting representation in the House of Representatives. Ultimately, the District of Columbia has far less representation than the states—despite the fact that its citizens pay the highest federal taxes per capita in the country and the district as a whole pays more taxes annually than 19 of the 50 states.

The United States also has (at least) 14 territories, including Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam. There exists a growing sentiment among U.S. citizens that both Puerto Rico and the aforementioned District of Columbia should be offered the opportunity to become the 51st and 52nd states. However, given the partisan state of current U.S. politics, it is unlikely that such an offer, which would require broad bipartisan support, will ever be extended.

The 10 provinces of Canada

Technically, the United States' northern neighbor calls its internal divisions provinces rather than the states of Canada, but that's a less vital distinction than one might imagine. Canadian provinces and U.S. states are slightly different in theory, with states wielding a bit more power and autonomy. In practice, however, the two are essentially synonymous, to the degree that both official sources (and internet commenters) have trouble agreeing upon which of the two is more powerful.

Province Date Admitted Province Date Admitted
Alberta 1905 Nova Scotia 1867
British Colombia 1871 Ontario 1867
Manitoba 1870 Prince Edward Island 1873
New Brunswick 1867 Quebec 1867
Newfoundland and Labrador 1949 Saskatchewan 1905

Like the U.S., Canada oversees a handful of territories in addition to its states. But unlike the United States' territories, the largest of which is Puerto Rico at 9,104 km² (3,515 mi²), Canada's three territories are massive in size. The Northwest Territory spreads over 1,346,106 km² (519,734 mi²), Yukon is 482,443 km² (186,272 mi²), and Nunavut sprawls over 2,093,190 km² (808,185 mi²). On the other hand, all three of these territories together were home to only 118,160 citizens in 2021—a number easily exceeded by more than 200 cities in the U.S. alone.

The 31 states—but 32 federal entities—of Mexico

To the south of the United States lies Mexico, a country whose formal name is actually the United Mexican States. Officially, Mexico has 31 states but 32 "federal entities", with the additional entity being the country's capital, Mexico City. Like the United States' Washington D.C., Mexico City is the seat of the country's national government, existing separate from any of the states. However, unlike Washington D.C., Mexico City has legitimate political representation of its own.

In 2016, Mexico City was changed from a federal district to a federal entity. This made the city very similar to a state, with its own constitution, legislature, and voice in the federal government. Mexico City cannot officially be declared a state because the Mexican constitution forbids the national capital from becoming a state. However, as a federal entity, it enjoys nearly all of the same privileges.

State Date Admitted State Date Admitted
Aquascalientes 1857 Morelos 1869
Baja California 1952 Nayarit 1917
Baja California Sur 1974 Nuevo León 1824
Campeche 1863 Oaxaca 1823
Chiapas 1824 Puebla 1823
Chihuahua 1824 Querétaro 1823
Coahuila 1824 Quintana Roo 1974
Colima 1856 San Luis Potosí 1823
Durango 1824 Sinaloa 1830
Guanajuato 1823 Sonora 1824
Guerrero 1849 Tabasco 1824
Hidalgo 1869 Tamaulipas 1824
Jaliso 1823 Tlaxcala 1856
México 1823 Veracruz 1823
Mexico City 2016 Yucatán 1823
Michoacán 1823 Zacatecas 1823

North America States 2022

Note: Population data are from the following years: United States=2022, Canada=2021, Mexico=2020
State/Province Country Population Area (km²) Area (mi²)
AlabamaUnited States4,949,697135,76752,420
AlaskaUnited States720,7631,723,337665,384
ArizonaUnited States7,640,796295,234113,990
ArkansasUnited States3,042,017137,73253,179
Baja CaliforniaMexico3,769,02071,45027,587
Baja California SurMexico798,44773,90928,537
British ColumbiaCanada5,000,879944,735364,764
CaliforniaUnited States39,664,128423,967163,695
ColoradoUnited States5,961,083269,601104,094
ConnecticutUnited States3,546,58814,3575,543
DelawareUnited States998,6196,4462,489
FloridaUnited States22,177,997170,31265,758
GeorgiaUnited States10,936,299153,91059,425
HawaiiUnited States1,401,70928,31310,932
IdahoUnited States1,896,652216,44383,569
IllinoisUnited States12,518,071149,99557,914
IndianaUnited States6,842,38594,32636,420
IowaUnited States3,174,426145,74656,273
KansasUnited States2,919,179213,10082,278
KentuckyUnited States4,487,233104,65640,408
LouisianaUnited States4,616,106135,65952,378
MaineUnited States1,359,67791,63335,380
MarylandUnited States6,075,31432,13112,406
MassachusettsUnited States6,922,10727,33610,544
Mexico CityMexico9,209,9441,494577
MichiganUnited States9,995,212250,48796,714
MinnesotaUnited States5,739,781225,16386,936
MississippiUnited States2,961,536125,43848,432
MissouriUnited States6,184,843180,54069,707
MontanaUnited States1,093,117380,831147,040
NebraskaUnited States1,960,790200,33077,348
NevadaUnited States3,238,601286,380110,572
New BrunswickCanada775,61072,90828,150
New HampshireUnited States1,378,44924,2149,349
New JerseyUnited States8,870,68522,5918,723
New MexicoUnited States2,109,093314,917121,590
New YorkUnited States19,223,191141,29754,555
Newfoundland and LabradorCanada510,550405,212156,453
North CarolinaUnited States10,807,491139,39153,819
North DakotaUnited States774,008183,10870,698
Nova ScotiaCanada969,38355,28421,345
Nuevo LeónMexico5,784,44264,15624,771
OhioUnited States11,727,377116,09844,826
OklahomaUnited States4,007,179181,03769,899
OregonUnited States4,325,290254,79998,379
PennsylvaniaUnited States12,805,190119,28046,054
Prince Edward IslandCanada154,3315,6602,185
Quintana RooMexico1,857,98544,70517,261
Rhode IslandUnited States1,062,5834,0011,545
San Luis PotosíMexico2,822,25561,13823,606
South CarolinaUnited States5,342,38882,93332,020
South DakotaUnited States902,542199,72977,116
TennesseeUnited States7,001,803109,15342,144
TexasUnited States30,097,526695,662268,596
UtahUnited States3,363,182219,88284,897
VermontUnited States622,88224,9069,616
VirginiaUnited States8,638,218110,78742,775
WashingtonUnited States7,887,965184,66171,298
West VirginiaUnited States1,755,71562,75624,230
WisconsinUnited States5,867,518169,63565,496
WyomingUnited States582,233253,33597,813

North America States 2022