The nation of Canada isn’t divided into states like the United States or India. However, it is divided into sub-national governmental areas known as provinces and territories. There are a total of 10 provinces and three territories in the country.
The difference between territories and provinces lies in how the power and authority is delegated. The governmental power and authority of provinces comes from the Constitution Act of 1867. Governmental powers of territories are designated through the Parliament of Canada.
Each province is considered to be sovereign and has its own representative of the Canadian monarchy. These representatives are known as lieutenant governors. Territories, on the other hand, are not sovereign and have a commissioner. These territories also receive all authority and responsibility from the federal government.
As mentioned, there are ten provinces in Canada. These are, in alphabetical order:
- British Columbia
- New Brunswick
- Newfoundland and Labrador
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
Each province has multiple cities within its borders, including a capital city. The largest province by area is Quebec, while the smallest is Prince Edward Island. In terms of population, Ontario is the largest province with a population of over 13 million. The smallest by population is Prince Edward Island, which has a total population of less than 150,000. In total, over 35 million people live throughout all ten provinces.
There are also three territories located in Canada. These are Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut. Nunavut is the largest by area, while Northwest Territories is the largest by population. The total population across all Canadian territories is just over 119,000.