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# of Trees

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100B

150B

200B

250B

300B

350B

400B

450B

500B

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Trees by Country 2024

Country
# of Trees
Russia642B
Canada318B
Brazil302B
United States228B
China140B
DR Congo101B
Indonesia80.7B
Australia76.7B
Bolivia59.3B
Mexico56.8B

The term "tree" has no precise definition that's commonly recognized, either in common language or botanically. The broadest definition is any plant with an elongated stem and leaves that perform photosynthesis. Botanists typically include a minimum height requirement to distinguish them from shrubs. However, this value can vary from 1.5 feet to over 30 feet, depending on the researcher. This broad definition includes large herbaceous plants like bananas and papayas. This inclusion is significant when consider tree populations because rainforests are often dominated by plants without woody stems.

Evolution

The evolution of trees has been strongly driven by the need to compete for sunlight. They also tend to be long-lived, and some are several thousand years old. As a result, many species of trees are extremely tall and grow thick trunks to add structural stability.

Due to their height, these specimens develop a single main stem giving a distinctly tree-like form as compared to shrubs. However, many species grow as both trees and shrubs, depending on environmental conditions. For example, a plant that grows as a tree in a forest or open woodlands may grow as a shrub in the mountains or tundra. As a result, the classification of plants into trees and shrubs can't be consistent.

Biodiversity

The ability to derive energy directly from the sun provides a strong evolutionary advantage, resulting in a greater diversity of trees than any other form of life. Botanists estimate that the total number of species of trees is between 60,000 and 100,000, which could account for one in four of all living species of plants. The greatest biodiversity of trees is found in tropical regions, where botanists have difficulty conducting detailed surveys. Overall, the diversity and ranges of trees on Earth are therefore poorly understood.

Distribution

A 2015 study estimates there are about 3.04 trillion trees in the world, with 46 percent in tropical and subtropical zones, 20 percent in temperate zones and 24 percent in sub-artic zones. While population densities are higher in tropical areas, countries tend to be larger in cooler areas. As a result, only one of the top five countries with the most trees is in a predominately tropical region.

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Country
# of Trees
Russia642B
Canada318B
Brazil302B
United States228B
China140B
DR Congo101B
Indonesia80.7B
Australia76.7B
Bolivia59.3B
Mexico56.8B
Colombia51.4B
Argentina50.2B
Peru46.2B
Angola42.1B
Venezuela36.3B
India35.2B
Sweden31B
Zambia27.6B
South Sudan27.4B
Mozambique25.7B
Myanmar24.5B
Finland24.4B
Central African Republic24.3B
Papua New Guinea22.9B
Madagascar22.4B
Tanzania20.8B
Cameroon19.4B
Chile19.2B
Paraguay19B
Japan18.6B
South Africa17.8B
Malaysia15.1B
Norway14.2B
Gabon13.9B
Ethiopia13.8B
France12.1B
Guyana11.8B
New Zealand11.5B
Spain11.4B
Nigeria10.9B
Ecuador10.3B
Laos10B
Vietnam9.4B
Guinea8.9B
Italy8.8B
Turkey8.7B
Germany8.6B
Thailand8.3B
Suriname8.3B
Botswana8.1B
Mongolia7.4B
Ukraine7B
Poland6.4B
Philippines6.3B
Kazakhstan6.1B
Belarus5.7B
Zimbabwe5.7B
Cambodia5.6B
French Guiana5.1B
North Korea5B
Romania4.8B
Honduras4.7B
Guatemala4.7B
Chad4.7B
Ghana4.6B
Nicaragua3.9B
South Korea3.8B
Nepal3.4B
Liberia3.4B
Greece3.2B
Malawi3.2B
Portugal3.1B
Austria3.1B
Sudan3.1B
Kenya3B
United Kingdom3B
Panama2.9B
Bulgaria2.8B
Mali2.6B
Georgia2.5B
Latvia2.5B
Uganda2.5B
Sri Lanka2.4B
Croatia2.3B
Cuba2.3B
Taiwan2.3B
Namibia2.3B
Sierra Leone2.3B
Iran2.3B
Benin2.1B
Czech Republic2B
Bosnia and Herzegovina2B
Costa Rica1.9B
Estonia1.9B
Bhutan1.9B
Equatorial Guinea1.7B
Serbia1.7B
Slovakia1.5B
Lithuania1.5B
Slovenia1.4B
Senegal1.3B
Solomon Islands1.3B
Belize1.2B
Kyrgyzstan1.2B
Switzerland1.1B
Dominican Republic1.1B
Albania1.1B
Guinea Bissau1B
Togo1B
Burkina Faso1B
Pakistan992.2M
Hungary983.4M
Bangladesh962.7M
Eswatini910.7M
Somalia879.8M
New Caledonia866M
Algeria835.2M
Azerbaijan774.2M
Ireland708.5M
Lesotho677.5M
Iceland662.8M
North Macedonia644.8M
Montenegro589.4M
Vanuatu572.4M
Uruguay543.4M
Belgium528.8M
Iraq523M
Morocco519M
Timor Leste512M
Jamaica433.5M
El Salvador408.1M
Armenia401.7M
Burundi380M
Afghanistan363.4M
Brunei362.1M
Rwanda348.7M
Netherlands343.7M
Denmark303.7M
Eritrea303.3M
Greenland279.5M
Puerto Rico215.8M
Trinidad and Tobago207.7M
Niger206.8M
Falkland Islands187.2M
Bahamas172.5M
Fiji157M
Tunisia151.3M
Haiti149M
Tajikistan148.1M
Moldova136.2M
Uzbekistan114.5M
Mauritania114.3M
Faroe Islands105.6M
Syria100.1M
Comoros71.9M
Egypt68.3M
Cyprus63.1M
Sao Tome and Principe59.3M
Guadeloupe56.7M
Luxembourg55.5M
Gambia51.6M
Samoa40.7M
Martinique39.4M
Dominica36.9M
Mauritius32.6M
French Polynesia29.8M
Hong Kong29.7M
Lebanon28M
Libya27.2M
Andorra23.1M
Cape Verde21.4M
Saint Lucia21.3M
Yemen15.6M
Palau13.2M
Israel12.7M
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines12.6M
Grenada10.5M
Mayotte10.2M
Isle of Man10.2M
Oman10.1M
Antigua and Barbuda7.6M
Saint Kitts and Nevis7.3M
Turkmenistan7.2M
Liechtenstein6.1M
Saint Pierre and Miquelon6.1M
Cayman Islands6M
Tonga5.6M
United States Virgin Islands4.7M
Barbados4.5M
Turks and Caicos Islands3.9M
Northern Mariana Islands3.7M
Montserrat2.8M
American Samoa2.7M
Saudi Arabia2.7M
Jordan2.5M
Singapore2.5M
Cook Islands2.5M
Seychelles2M
Wallis and Futuna1.6M
Guam1.6M
Djibouti1.4M
Palestine1M
Kiribati1M
San Marino475.9K
Jersey328.1K
Maldives283.4K
Marshall Islands217.2K
Sint Maarten151.5K
Anguilla128.7K
Aruba63K
Kuwait61.1K
Bermuda48.3K
Tuvalu38.2K
Nauru27.1K
Malta22.9K
Macau19.8K
United Arab Emirates19.5K
Western Sahara18.6K
Tokelau18.4K
Gibraltar14.7K
Qatar12.6K
Monaco10.4K
Bahrain3K
World3T
showing: 223 rows

Which country has the most trees?

There are over 642B trees in Russia, which is the country that has the most of them in the entire world.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources