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% of Men Circumcised

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20%

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90%

100%

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Circumcision by Country 2024

Circumcision is a medical procedure in which the foreskin of a human male's penis is trimmed. It is most often an elective surgery, performed on a significant percentage of the total number of babies born each day, for cultural or religious reasons. In some cases, circumcision may be implemented as a treatment option for chronic urinary tract infections (UTIs) and other medical conditions.

Circumcision rates around the world

About one-third of males worldwide are circumcised, although the prevalence of circumcision varies significantly by country and culture. It is most common among Muslims and Jews, as it is part of religious law in Judaism and is an established practice in Islam. Circumcision is also standard in the United States and parts of Southeast Asia and Africa, but is rare in Europe, Latin America, and most of Asia. A personal preference in favor of circumcision is more common in Anglophone countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.

Countries and territories in which the prevalence of male circumcision is above 99%:

Country
% of Men Circumcised
Morocco99.9%
Palestine99.9%
Afghanistan99.8%
Tunisia99.8%
Iran99.7%
Western Sahara99.6%
Comoros99.4%
Mauritania99.2%
Gabon99.2%
Yemen99%

A 2016 study titled "Estimation of country-specific and global prevalence of male circumcision" compared data for circumcised mature males in 237 countries and territories around the world. 12 countries (listed above) tallied circumcision rates higher than 99%, while more than fifty additional countries posted rates of less than 99% but still above 90%. These include Israel, the Philippines, Algeria, Bangladesh, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Samoa, Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, Nauru, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan (see full data set in table at page bottom). On the other end of the spectrum, circumcision was especially uncommon in European countries (typically 10% or less) as well as Latin American countries and the Caribbean Islands (less than 1%).

Circumcision in the United States

According to a CDC study, male circumcision rates in the United States for newborns decreased between 1979 and 2010 from 64.5% to 58.3%. It is estimated that the overall rate of circumcision in the United States is approximately 80.5%.

Controversy over circumcision

Although circumcision of babies and children is common in many cultures, opponents of the act have raised ethical and legal questions regarding its lack of informed consent and an arguable violation of human rights. Some of the world's major medical organizations argue that elective circumcision has health benefits which outweigh the minimal risks associated with the procedure. In contrast, other medical groups decline to recommend circumcision, saying that more evidence is needed to prove that the procedure is beneficial. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the consideration of circumcision as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention program in areas with high rates of HIV, such as the countries of sub-Saharan Africa.

Notes:
- Data published 2016.

Download Table Data

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Country
% of Men Circumcised
Morocco99.9%
Palestine99.9%
Afghanistan99.8%
Tunisia99.8%
Iran99.7%
Western Sahara99.6%
Comoros99.4%
Mauritania99.2%
Gabon99.2%
Yemen99%
Tajikistan99%
Nigeria98.9%
Iraq98.9%
Jordan98.8%
Turkey98.6%
Azerbaijan98.5%
Maldives98.4%
Algeria97.9%
Liberia97.7%
DR Congo97.2%
Eritrea97.2%
Saudi Arabia97.1%
Ivory Coast96.7%
Libya96.6%
Uzbekistan96.5%
Djibouti96.5%
Pakistan96.4%
Sierra Leone96.1%
Niger95.5%
Togo95.2%
Solomon Islands95%
Vanuatu95%
Samoa95%
Guam95%
Tonga95%
American Samoa95%
Palau95%
Cook Islands95%
Nauru95%
Tuvalu95%
Niue95%
Tokelau95%
Egypt94.7%
Madagascar94.7%
Gambia94.5%
Cameroon94%
Somalia93.5%
Senegal93.5%
Turkmenistan93.4%
Guinea Bissau93.3%
Bangladesh93.2%
Benin92.9%
Syria92.8%
Indonesia92.5%
Ethiopia92.2%
Kyrgyzstan91.9%
Philippines91.7%
Israel91.7%
Ghana91.6%
Kenya91.2%
Northern Mariana Islands90%
Oman87.7%
Equatorial Guinea87%
Kuwait86.4%
Mali86%
Guinea84.2%
Bahrain81.2%
French Polynesia78%
Qatar77.5%
South Korea77%
United Arab Emirates76%
Chad73.5%
Tanzania72%
United States71.2%
Republic of the Congo70%
Central African Republic63%
Burundi61.7%
Malaysia61.4%
Lebanon59.7%
Angola57.5%
Kazakhstan56.4%
Fiji55%
Lesotho52%
Brunei51.9%
New Caledonia50%
Albania47.7%
Mozambique47.4%
South Africa44.7%
Bosnia and Herzegovina41.6%
Sudan39.4%
New Zealand33%
Canada31.9%
Hong Kong28%
Uganda26.7%
Australia26.6%
Namibia25.5%
South Sudan23.6%
Thailand23.4%
Cyprus22.7%
Belgium22.6%
Malawi21.6%
United Kingdom20.7%
Montenegro18.5%
Mauritius16.6%
Suriname15.9%
Mexico15.4%
Botswana15.1%
Singapore14.9%
China14%
France14%
Jamaica14%
Dominican Republic13.7%
India13.5%
Bulgaria13.4%
Rwanda13.3%
Zambia12.8%
Guyana12%
Russia11.8%
Germany10.9%
Papua New Guinea10.1%
Zimbabwe9.2%
Japan9%
Sri Lanka8.5%
Slovenia8.5%
Taiwan8.3%
Eswatini8.2%
Spain6.6%
Timor Leste6.4%
Haiti6.2%
Gibraltar6%
Switzerland5.9%
Austria5.8%
Trinidad and Tobago5.8%
Netherlands5.7%
Denmark5.3%
Sweden5.1%
Liechtenstein4.8%
Greece4.7%
Mongolia4.4%
Nepal4.2%
Peru3.7%
Serbia3.7%
Myanmar3.5%
Cambodia3.5%
Norway3%
Argentina2.9%
Italy2.6%
Luxembourg2.4%
Ukraine2.3%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines1.7%
Brazil1.3%
Croatia1.3%
British Virgin Islands1.2%
Seychelles1.1%
Andorra1.1%
Panama1%
Bhutan1%
Ireland0.9%
Barbados0.9%
Hungary0.8%
Finland0.8%
Bermuda0.8%
Portugal0.6%
Uruguay0.6%
United States Virgin Islands0.6%
Antigua and Barbuda0.6%
Moldova0.5%
Aruba0.5%
Monaco0.5%
Latvia0.4%
Venezuela0.3%
Romania0.3%
Belarus0.3%
Estonia0.3%
Malta0.3%
Grenada0.3%
Saint Kitts and Nevis0.3%
Anguilla0.3%
Vietnam0.2%
Chile0.2%
Slovakia0.2%
Costa Rica0.2%
Lithuania0.2%
Bahamas0.2%
Isle of Man0.2%
Dominica0.2%
Cayman Islands0.2%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon0.2%
Poland0.1%
North Korea0.1%
Ecuador0.1%
Guatemala0.1%
Bolivia0.1%
Cuba0.1%
Honduras0.1%
Czech Republic0.1%
Laos0.1%
Nicaragua0.1%
Paraguay0.1%
El Salvador0.1%
Puerto Rico0.1%
Armenia0.1%
Macau0.1%
Cape Verde0.1%
Belize0.1%
Iceland0.1%
Sao Tome and Principe0.1%
Curacao0.1%
Saint Lucia0.1%
Kiribati0.1%
Micronesia0.1%
Jersey0.1%
Guernsey0.1%
Greenland0.1%
Faroe Islands0.1%
Turks and Caicos Islands0.1%
Sint Maarten0.1%
Marshall Islands0.1%
San Marino0.1%
Saint Martin0.1%
Wallis and Futuna0.1%
Saint Barthelemy0.1%
Montserrat0.1%
Falkland Islands0.1%
Vatican City0.1%
Georgia
showing: 226 rows

Which country has the highest circumcision rate?

Morocco is the country with the highest circumcision rate, with a 99.9% circumcision rate.

Frequently Asked Questions

Sources