Most Urbanized Countries 2021

Urbanization refers to the shift of the population from rural areas to urban areas, the process of making an area more urban, the decrease in the proportion of people living in rural areas, and how a population adapts to this change. Urbanization is the process through which cities are formed and grow, and a higher percentage of the population comes to live in these cities.

The world’s population has increased rapidly from 751 million in 1950 to 4.2 billion in 2018. According to the United Nations (UN), about 55% of the world lives in urban areas as of 2018. This number is expected to grow to 68% by 2050, adding about 2.5 billion people to urban areas around the world. It is also projected that 90% of this increase will take place in Asia and Africa.

Urbanization causes a unique set of issues for both humans and animals. The rapid growth of urban environments exacerbates issues that these areas already face. Concentrated energy use and vehicle exhaust lead to poor air quality. Large volumes of waste that are poorly managed leads to safety and health problems. Rapid and intensive growth can lead to greater poverty, which is already a pressing issue in many nations. Additionally, one of urbanization’s most pressing problems is environmental degradation.

Luckily, the threats and challenges associated with urbanization can be combated. Governments can combat poverty by promoting job creation and economic development. Pollution can be reduced by exploring and implementing green policies and alternative energy systems. Planting trees and incorporating green spaces throughout cities will help improve air quality and allows the environment to exist among the urban population.

Several countries have 100% urban populations. These countries are:

Many of these countries have low or negative urbanization rates, ranging from -0.44% to 1.78%. Negative urbanization rates are known as counterurbanization or de-urbanization. Counterurbanization happens for several reasons, including job opportunities, simpler lifestyles, needing more space, less expensive costs of living, cleaner air, and wanting a different culture from the urban culture.

The majority of countries with the lowest urban populations are located in Africa; however, many of these countries are also experiencing the highest rates of urbanization. For example, Uganda’s urban population is 25% of its total population; however, its urbanization rate is 5.7%. Burundi’s urban population is 13% and is urbanizing at a rate of 5.68%.

Below are the countries with the highest urbanization rates:

The table below has each country’s urban population percentage and urbanization rate based on the World Factbook’s most recent data.

Most Urbanized Countries 2021

Country % Urban Pop. Urbanization Rate 2021 Population
Vatican City100.00%-0.05%800
Nauru100.00%-0.06%10,876
Anguilla100.00%0.90%15,117
Gibraltar100.00%0.45%33,698
Monaco100.00%0.51%39,511
Sint Maarten100.00%1.56%43,412
Bermuda100.00%-0.44%62,090
Cayman Islands100.00%1.27%66,497
Macau100.00%1.63%658,394
Kuwait100.00%1.78%4,328,550
Singapore100.00%1.39%5,896,686
Hong Kong100.00%0.82%7,552,810
Qatar99.00%2.41%2,930,528
Belgium98.00%0.62%11,632,326
San Marino97.00%0.67%34,017
United States Virgin Islands95.00%0.10%104,226
Uruguay95.00%0.46%3,485,151
Guam94.00%0.92%170,179
Malta94.00%0.38%442,784
Turks And Caicos Islands93.00%1.77%39,231
Iceland93.00%0.81%343,353
Puerto Rico93.00%-0.14%2,828,255
Israel92.00%1.64%8,789,774
Netherlands92.00%0.74%17,173,099
Argentina92.00%1.07%45,605,826
Northern Mariana Islands91.00%0.29%57,917
Luxembourg91.00%1.55%634,814
Jordan91.00%2.43%10,269,021
Japan91.00%-0.14%126,050,804
Saint Pierre And Miquelon90.00%0.36%5,766
Gabon90.00%2.61%2,278,825
Curacao89.00%0.62%164,798
Bahrain89.00%4.38%1,748,296
Denmark88.00%0.51%5,813,298
Lebanon88.00%0.75%6,769,146
Sweden88.00%1.05%10,160,169
Venezuela88.00%1.28%28,704,954
American Samoa87.00%0.07%55,100
Greenland87.00%0.42%56,877
Andorra87.00%-0.31%77,355
United Arab Emirates87.00%1.71%9,991,089
Chile87.00%0.87%19,212,361
Brazil87.00%1.05%213,993,437
Western Sahara86.00%2.61%611,875
New Zealand86.00%1.01%4,860,643
Oman86.00%5.25%5,223,375
Australia86.00%1.43%25,788,215
Finland85.00%0.42%5,548,360
Saudi Arabia84.00%2.17%35,340,683
Bahamas83.00%1.13%396,913
Norway83.00%1.40%5,465,630
United Kingdom83.00%0.89%68,207,116
Dominican Republic82.00%2.06%10,953,703
United States82.00%0.95%332,915,073
Palau81.00%1.77%18,169
Canada81.00%0.97%38,067,903
Colombia81.00%1.22%51,265,844
South Korea81.00%0.30%51,305,186
France81.00%0.72%65,426,179
Costa Rica80.00%1.50%5,139,052
Libya80.00%1.68%6,958,532
Spain80.00%0.33%46,745,216
Mexico80.00%1.59%130,262,216
Belarus79.00%0.44%9,442,862
Greece79.00%0.22%10,370,744
Falkland Islands78.00%0.76%3,533
Brunei78.00%1.66%441,532
Djibouti78.00%1.67%1,002,187
Taiwan78.00%0.80%23,855,010
Peru78.00%1.44%33,359,418
Marshall Islands77.00%0.61%59,610
Cuba77.00%0.14%11,317,505
Malaysia77.00%2.13%32,776,194
Germany77.00%0.27%83,900,473
Turkey76.00%2.04%85,042,738
Cook Islands75.00%0.37%17,565
Bulgaria75.00%-0.22%6,896,663
Iran75.00%1.71%85,028,759
Sao Tome And Principe74.00%3.33%223,368
Czech Republic74.00%0.21%10,724,555
Russia74.00%0.18%145,912,025
Equatorial Guinea73.00%4.28%1,449,896
El Salvador73.00%1.57%6,518,499
Switzerland73.00%0.88%8,715,494
Algeria73.00%2.46%44,616,624
Dominica71.00%0.94%72,167
New Caledonia71.00%1.89%288,218
Hungary71.00%0.07%9,634,164
Italy71.00%0.29%60,367,477
Botswana70.00%2.87%2,397,241
Bolivia70.00%1.97%11,832,940
Iraq70.00%3.06%41,179,350
Estonia69.00%0.01%1,325,185
Tunisia69.00%1.53%11,935,766
Ukraine69.00%-0.33%43,466,819
Latvia68.00%-0.93%1,866,942
Lithuania68.00%-0.31%2,689,862
Mongolia68.00%1.63%3,329,289
Panama68.00%2.06%4,381,579
Montenegro67.00%0.54%628,053
Republic Of The Congo67.00%3.28%5,657,013
South Africa67.00%1.97%60,041,994
Cape Verde66.00%1.97%561,898
Suriname66.00%0.90%591,800
Cyprus66.00%0.75%1,215,584
Portugal66.00%0.47%10,167,925
Angola66.00%4.32%33,933,610
Tuvalu64.00%2.27%11,931
Ecuador64.00%1.66%17,888,475
Armenia63.00%0.22%2,968,127
Ireland63.00%1.14%4,982,907
Morocco63.00%2.14%37,344,795
French Polynesia62.00%1.01%282,530
Gambia62.00%4.07%2,486,945
Albania62.00%1.69%2,872,933
Paraguay62.00%1.71%7,219,638
North Korea62.00%0.82%25,887,041
China61.00%2.42%1,444,216,107
Poland60.00%-0.25%37,797,005
Georgia59.00%0.42%3,979,765
Nicaragua59.00%1.45%6,702,385
Austria58.00%0.59%9,043,070
Honduras58.00%2.75%10,062,991
Seychelles57.00%1.26%98,908
Fiji57.00%1.62%902,906
Croatia57.00%-0.08%4,081,651
Haiti57.00%2.90%11,541,685
Kazakhstan57.00%1.29%18,994,962
Cameroon57.00%3.63%27,224,265
Ghana57.00%3.34%31,732,129
Jamaica56.00%0.82%2,973,463
Serbia56.00%-0.07%8,697,550
Azerbaijan56.00%1.58%10,223,342
Indonesia56.00%2.27%276,361,783
Kiribati55.00%3.19%121,392
Slovenia55.00%0.56%2,078,724
Mauritania55.00%4.28%4,775,119
Syria55.00%1.43%18,275,702
Romania54.00%-0.38%19,127,774
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines53.00%1.03%111,263
Trinidad And Tobago53.00%0.22%1,403,375
Slovakia53.00%0.00%5,460,721
Isle Of Man52.00%0.89%85,410
Namibia52.00%4.20%2,587,344
Liberia52.00%3.41%5,180,203
Turkmenistan52.00%2.46%6,117,924
Nigeria52.00%4.23%211,400,708
Guatemala51.00%2.68%18,249,860
Ivory Coast51.00%3.38%27,053,629
Thailand51.00%1.73%69,950,850
Uzbekistan50.00%1.28%33,935,763
Bosnia And Herzegovina49.00%0.55%3,263,466
British Virgin Islands48.00%2.42%30,421
Benin48.00%3.89%12,451,040
Senegal48.00%3.73%17,196,301
Philippines47.00%1.99%111,046,913
Niue46.00%1.69%1,619
Belize46.00%2.32%404,914
Somalia46.00%4.23%16,359,504
Dr Congo45.00%4.53%92,377,993
Guinea Bissau44.00%3.41%2,015,494
Zambia44.00%4.23%18,920,651
Aruba43.00%0.67%107,204
Mali43.00%4.86%20,855,735
Faroe Islands42.00%0.74%49,049
Bhutan42.00%2.98%779,898
Moldova42.00%-0.07%4,024,019
Central African Republic42.00%2.52%4,919,981
Sierra Leone42.00%3.12%8,141,343
Togo42.00%3.76%8,478,250
Egypt42.00%1.86%104,258,327
Eritrea41.00%3.86%3,601,467
Maldives40.00%2.93%543,617
Mauritius40.00%0.11%1,273,433
Madagascar38.00%4.48%28,427,328
Bangladesh38.00%3.17%166,303,498
Yemen37.00%4.06%30,490,640
Mozambique37.00%4.35%32,163,047
Vietnam37.00%2.98%98,168,833
Pakistan37.00%2.53%225,199,937
Grenada36.00%0.76%113,021
Kyrgyzstan36.00%2.03%6,628,356
Laos36.00%3.28%7,379,358
Guinea36.00%3.54%13,497,244
Sudan35.00%3.17%44,909,353
Tanzania35.00%5.22%61,498,437
India34.00%2.37%1,393,409,038
Zimbabwe32.00%2.19%15,092,171
Barbados31.00%0.20%287,711
Timor Leste31.00%3.35%1,343,873
Myanmar31.00%1.74%54,806,012
Saint Kitts And Nevis30.00%0.92%53,544
Burkina Faso30.00%4.99%21,497,096
Comoros29.00%2.87%888,451
Lesotho29.00%2.83%2,159,079
Kenya28.00%4.23%54,985,698
Tajikistan27.00%2.62%9,749,627
Guyana26.00%0.83%790,326
Afghanistan26.00%3.37%39,835,428
Vanuatu25.00%2.55%314,464
Uganda25.00%5.70%47,123,531
Antigua And Barbuda24.00%0.55%98,731
Solomon Islands24.00%3.91%703,996
Eswatini24.00%2.46%1,172,362
Cambodia24.00%3.25%16,946,438
Tonga23.00%0.71%106,760
Chad23.00%3.88%16,914,985
Micronesia22.00%1.05%116,254
Ethiopia21.00%4.63%117,876,227
South Sudan20.00%4.10%11,381,378
Nepal20.00%3.15%29,674,920
Saint Lucia18.00%0.80%184,400
Sri Lanka18.00%0.85%21,497,310
Samoa17.00%-0.47%200,149
Rwanda17.00%2.86%13,276,513
Malawi17.00%4.19%19,647,684
Niger16.00%4.27%25,130,817
Liechtenstein14.00%0.81%38,250
Papua New Guinea13.00%2.51%9,119,010
Burundi13.00%5.68%12,255,433
Montserrat9.00%0.64%4,977
Tokelau0.00%0.00%1,373
Wallis And Futuna0.00%0.00%11,094

Most Urbanized Countries 2021