English Speaking Countries 2020

What countries speak English?

English is a West Germanic language. It has the largest number of speakers around the world and is the third most spoken native language. English gained traction around the world during the 17th century due to the influence of the British Empire and the United States and English has become the leading language of international discourse.

Braj Kachru developed the three circles model to describe the spread of English and distinguish countries that speak English. In this model, the inner circle is made up of countries that have large communities of native English speakers. The outer circle is comprised of countries with small communities of native English speakers and widespread use of English as a second language. The expanding circle is comprised of countries where many people have learned or are learning English as a foreign language.

Many countries have English designated as the de jure official language, meaning that it is legally recognized to be the official language. In some cases, English may be the official language but may not be the primary language. This means that English can be used in business, education and official documents but may not be the primary language of the majority of its residents. This is the case of nations like India and Pakistan.

India is the most populous nation with English as its official language with a population of over 1 billion people. The smallest nation where English is an official language is Niue, which has a population of just 1,600 people.

There are also nations where English is a de facto national language, meaning that it exists in reality and is practiced, even though it is not officially recognized by law. For example, the United States technically has no official language at the federal level, even though English is the most commonly spoken language.

Of the nations where English is a de facto national language, the United States is the most populous with a population of over 318 million. There are four nations where English is the de facto language and the primary language. These include Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Country Population 2020
Antigua And Barbuda97,929
Australia25,499,884
Bahamas393,244
Bahrain1,701,575
Bangladesh164,689,383
Barbados287,375
Belize397,628
Botswana2,351,627
Brunei437,479
Burundi11,890,784
Cameroon26,545,863
Canada37,742,154
Cook Islands17,564
Cyprus1,207,359
Dominica71,986
Eritrea3,546,421
Ethiopia114,963,588
Fiji896,445
Ghana31,072,940
Grenada112,523
Guyana786,552
India1,380,004,385
Ireland4,937,786
Israel8,655,535
Jamaica2,961,167
Jordan10,203,134
Kenya53,771,296
Kiribati119,449
Kuwait4,270,571
Lesotho2,142,249
Liberia5,057,681
Malawi19,129,952
Malaysia32,365,999
Maldives540,544
Malta441,543
Marshall Islands59,190
Mauritius1,271,768
Myanmar54,409,800
Namibia2,540,905
Nauru10,824
Nepal29,136,808
New Zealand4,822,233
Nigeria206,139,589
Niue1,626
Pakistan220,892,340
Palau18,094
Papua New Guinea8,947,024
Philippines109,581,078
Qatar2,881,053
Rwanda12,952,218
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,199
Saint Lucia183,627
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines110,940
Samoa198,414
Seychelles98,347
Sierra Leone7,976,983
Singapore5,850,342
Solomon Islands686,884
South Africa59,308,690
South Sudan11,193,725
Sri Lanka21,413,249
Sudan43,849,260
Tanzania59,734,218
Tonga105,695
Trinidad And Tobago1,399,488
Tuvalu11,792
Uganda45,741,007
United Arab Emirates9,890,402
United Kingdom67,886,011
United States331,002,651
Vanuatu307,145
Zambia18,383,955
Zimbabwe14,862,924