Concealed Carry States 2020

In the United States, each state has its laws surrounding whether or not it is legal to carry weapons. In some states, open carry is permitted, which means that a firearm can be carried out in the open if the individual meets all requirements of the state. In other states, concealed carry is allowed. This means that a person can carry a legal weapon in their vehicle or on themselves, but it must be hidden from sight.

While most people associated concealed carry with guns, other weapons may also be included in these laws. In the state of Florida, pepper spray canisters that are over 2 ounces can only be carried by a person with a concealed weapons permit.

All 50 states have laws in place that allow citizens to carry concealed weapons. However, some states will not issue permits or make it extremely difficult to acquire a permit. In 2018, over 17 million permits were issued throughout the nation.

Since all 50 states have laws in place, we will break down the permitting policies found throughout the nation.

In some states, concealed carry is in the form of Constitutional Carry. This means that anyone that can legally carry a weapon may do so without a permit. The Constitutional Carry states are:

Other states have shall-issue laws. This means that a license is required to carry a concealed handgun. However, the permitted carrier does not have to demonstrate “good cause” for carrying the weapon. There are 27 shall-issue states, seven of which are shall-issue to residents only and 20 of which are shall issue to residents and non-residents. These states can be identified on the map above or in the table below.

Other states have may-issue laws. This is when a permit is required, and local authorities help determine whether permits are given. These states are:

In some states, there are no-issue laws. This means that most private citizens are not allowed to carry a concealed handgun. In California, this is the case in 12 counties. In other areas, while these laws are not technically on the books, they are in practice. The states that have these laws in practice are:

  • Hawaii
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • New Jersey
  • New York
State Concealed Carry Permit Information 2020 Pop.
AlabamaShall Issue to Residents Only4,908,621
AlaskaConstitutional Carry and Shall Issue to Residents Only734,002
ArizonaConstitutional Carry and Shall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents7,378,494
ArkansasShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents3,038,999
CaliforniaMay Issue to Residents Only39,937,489
ColoradoShall Issue to Residents Only5,845,526
ConnecticutMay Issue to Residents and Non-Residents3,563,077
DelawareMay Issue to Residents Only982,895
District of ColumbiaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents720,687
FloridaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents21,992,985
GeorgiaShall Issue to Residents Only10,736,059
HawaiiMay Issue to Residents and Non-Residents1,412,687
IdahoShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents1,826,156
IllinoisShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents12,659,682
IndianaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents6,745,354
IowaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents3,179,849
KansasConstitutional Carry and Shall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents2,910,357
KentuckyShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents4,499,692
LouisianaShall Issue to Residents Only4,645,184
MaineConstitutional Carry and Shall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents1,345,790
MarylandMay Issue to Residents and Non-Residents6,083,116
MassachusettsMay Issue to Residents and Non-Residents6,976,597
MichiganShall Issue to Residents Only10,045,029
MinnesotaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents5,700,671
MississippiConstitutional Carry and Shall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents2,989,260
MissouriConstitutional Carry and Shall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents6,169,270
MontanaShall Issue to Residents Only1,086,759
NebraskaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents1,952,570
NevadaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents3,139,658
New HampshireConstitutional Carry and Shall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents1,371,246
New JerseyMay Issue to Residents and Non-Residents8,936,574
New MexicoShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents2,096,640
New YorkMay Issue to Residents and Non-Residents19,440,469
North CarolinaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents10,611,862
North DakotaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents761,723
OhioShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents11,747,694
OklahomaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents3,954,821
OregonShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents4,301,089
PennsylvaniaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents12,820,878
Rhode IslandShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents1,056,161
South CarolinaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents5,210,095
South DakotaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents903,027
TennesseeShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents6,897,576
TexasShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents29,472,295
UtahShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents3,282,115
VermontConstitutional Carry and Does Not Issue Permits628,061
VirginiaShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents8,626,207
WashingtonShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents7,797,095
West VirginiaConstitutional Carry and Shall Issue to Residents Only1,778,070
WisconsinShall Issue to Residents and Non-Residents5,851,754
WyomingShall Issue to Residents Only567,025