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Median Income

$2K

$4K

$6K

$8K

$10K

$12K

$14K

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$18K

$20K

$22K

$24K

$26K

$28K

$30K

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Median Income by Country 2024

Median income is a metric used to identify the midpoint of a given nation’s income distribution. Half of a country’s residents earn an income that is higher than the median, while the other half earn an income that falls below the median. Because median is slightly different from an average, or mean, it is also slightly more insulated against extreme "outlier" values that could throw off the accuracy of a statistic. For example, consider the following sample group of people and their incomes:

  • Mike - $30,000
  • Ahmed - $40,000
  • Stephanie - $50,000
  • Midori - $40,000
  • Contessa - $25,000
  • Gary - $55,000
  • Jordan - $1,000,000

Thanks to Jordan's unusually high salary, the average, or mean, of all these incomes is $177,142, which is wildly inaccurate for all seven people listed. However, the median (also called "typical") income is $40,000, which is fairly accurate for everyone but Jordan.

World Bank tracks a number of income- and poverty-related metrics, including GDP per capita, GNI per capita, GINI coefficient per country, and median income. As of March 2021, the 10 countries with the highest median incomes ranked are below. Note that these amounts are in current "international dollars", which is a theoretical dollar often used in country-to-country comparisons. International dollars are not equivalent to U.S. dollars, or euros, or any other real-world currency.

10 Countries with the Highest Median Income, March 2021 (PPP, Current Int$):

Country
Median Income
Luxembourg$28,382
United Arab Emirates$26,324
United States$24,327
Norway$23,835
Switzerland$23,488
Austria$21,572
Netherlands$21,480
Iceland$20,630
Denmark$20,593
Canada$20,550

10 Countries with the Lowest Median Income, March 2021 (PPP, Current Int$):

According to 2013 data from Gallup, the median household income worldwide was $9,733 (PPP, Current Int$). Countries with the lowest median income included Libera, Burundi, Mali, Benin, Togo, Sierra Leone, and Madagascar. This data was based on self-reported data that was gathered between 2006 and 2012. For the full list of countries and their median incomes in (PPP, Current Int$), see the table below.

- GDP per capita values have been rounded to the nearest dollar

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Country
Median Income
Mean Income
GDP per Capita (PPP)
Data Year
Luxembourg$28,382$34,065$117,3712020
United Arab Emirates$26,324$28,755$46,7222018
United States$24,327$31,974$70,2202021
Norway$23,835$27,032$76,4312019
Switzerland$23,488$28,142$85,2172018
Austria$21,572$24,214$48,8092020
Netherlands$21,480$23,422$52,1632020
Iceland$20,630$22,988$72,0102017
Denmark$20,593$23,550$60,9152020
Canada$20,550$23,991$46,3742019
Germany$20,323$24,046$46,7942019
Australia$19,363$23,583$57,2072018
Belgium$19,360$21,444$45,5182020
Sweden$18,911$21,466$52,8382020
Finland$18,692$21,469$49,1702020
France$18,301$20,951$39,0552020
Ireland$17,962$21,177$85,4202020
Malta$17,560$20,801$29,1972020
United Kingdom$16,907$20,035$40,3182020
Cyprus$15,896$19,319$28,0362020
Italy$15,268$18,162$31,9192020
Japan$15,144$18,162$38,4752013
Slovenia$15,078$16,644$25,5452020
Spain$14,695$17,155$26,9602020
Taiwan$13,903$16,713-2016
South Korea$13,731$15,772$29,2892016
Estonia$13,140$15,637$23,5952020
Czech Republic$12,852$14,615$22,9932020
Lithuania$12,425$15,940$20,3642020
Israel$12,282$14,950$42,4072018
Poland$11,308$12,932$15,7002019
Portugal$10,855$13,352$22,2422020
Latvia$10,428$12,958$18,2072020
Croatia$9,855$11,056$14,2372020
Hungary$9,683$10,921$16,1262020
Russia$9,563$11,709$11,2872018
Greece$9,056$10,516$17,6592020
Slovakia$9,037$9,505$19,3822019
Malaysia$8,840$11,976$11,0742018
Bulgaria$8,329$11,271$10,1542020
Romania$7,731$8,786$13,0482020
Lebanon$7,712$9,091$15,1952006-2012
Uruguay$7,377$9,862$17,9242021
Seychelles$7,118$8,121$16,4102018
Panama$7,008$11,268$15,4912021
Argentina$6,731$9,041$10,6362021
Belarus$6,507$7,359$19,9972006-2012
Chile$6,209$9,304$13,1652020
Serbia$5,935$7,019$7,7342020
Bosnia and Herzegovina$5,925$7,131$16,2882006-2012
Costa Rica$5,789$8,928$13,1992022
Bolivia$5,442$7,136$3,3452021
Maldives$5,409$6,435$20,3952006-2012
Montenegro$5,336$6,194$8,8502018
Turkey$5,251$7,267$28,1332006-2012
North Macedonia$4,920$5,457$6,0702019
Saint Lucia$4,763$7,318$10,5742016
Paraguay$4,614$6,738$6,1532022
Ukraine$4,434$5,010$13,3412006-2012
Iran$4,360$5,924$12,9372006-2012
Thailand$4,356$5,670$19,2762006-2012
Brazil$4,230$7,001$7,6972021
Ecuador$3,891$5,548$6,3912022
Dominican Republic$3,858$5,125$8,4772021
Mauritius$3,832$4,969$23,8822006-2012
El Salvador$3,781$4,782$5,1272022
Kazakhstan$3,661$4,313$27,5172006-2012
Mexico$3,486$5,099$8,6552020
Tunisia$3,366$4,076$11,2312006-2012
Albania$3,358$3,979$5,2882018
Peru$3,332$4,413$6,6362021
Azerbaijan$3,193$3,851$15,0412006-2012
Jordan$3,185$4,025$10,5172006-2012
Vietnam$3,149$3,881$8,3972006-2012
Colombia$3,146$5,168$6,1832021
Moldova$3,133$3,590$13,6262006-2012
Nicaragua$2,946$4,278$1,9142014
Jamaica$2,899$4,429$10,1932006-2012
Trinidad and Tobago$2,868$3,711$27,3342006-2012
Mongolia$2,800$3,409$12,8612006-2012
Tonga$2,782$3,677$6,6652006-2012
Gabon$2,779$3,544$15,6112006-2012
Morocco$2,716$3,721$7,8262006-2012
Venezuela$2,710$3,741$17,5272006-2012
Algeria$2,612$2,996$12,0192006-2012
Samoa$2,537$3,418$6,7952006-2012
Honduras$2,529$3,694$2,5192019
Fiji$2,460$3,261$14,2892006-2012
Bhutan$2,446$3,189$12,3552006-2012
Philippines$2,292$3,219$3,4612021
Sri Lanka$2,277$3,162$13,6562006-2012
Georgia$2,273$2,814$15,6552006-2012
Guatemala$2,252$3,431$3,7802014
Armenia$2,216$2,810$14,2572006-2012
Tuvalu$2,099$2,802$4,4702006-2012
Guyana$2,003$2,729$13,6612006-2012
Syria$1,996$2,606-2006-2012
Tajikistan$1,994$2,437$3,5292006-2012
Namibia$1,962$4,023$10,0632006-2012
Iraq$1,951$2,293$11,3622006-2012
Belize$1,927$3,246$7,3142006-2012
Myanmar$1,909$2,296$5,3692006-2012
Kyrgyzstan$1,892$2,235$5,4852006-2012
Ghana$1,779$2,422$5,6522006-2012
Mauritania$1,760$2,094$5,4272006-2012
Suriname$1,659$2,593$17,2562006-2012
South Africa$1,624$4,081$13,0342006-2012
Botswana$1,596$2,907$18,5522006-2012
Kiribati$1,489$1,858$2,3722006-2012
Egypt$1,485$1,847-2006-2012
Micronesia$1,413$1,858$3,5472006-2012
Djibouti$1,403$1,869$5,7792006-2012
Comoros$1,401$2,050$3,1942006-2012
Pakistan$1,399$1,797$4,8982006-2012
Gambia$1,383$1,784$2,3212006-2012
Vanuatu$1,379$1,781$3,2922006-2012
Sudan$1,277$1,592$4,1222006-2012
Cameroon$1,245$1,841$3,8032006-2012
Haiti$1,162$1,540$3,0342006-2012
Lesotho$1,157$1,659$2,8242006-2012
Nepal$1,155$1,428$3,5672006-2012
Yemen$1,150$1,503$3,6882006-2012
Bangladesh$1,131$1,414$4,9642006-2012
Eswatini$1,097$2,091$9,0032006-2012
Laos$1,065$1,389$8,1722006-2012
Solomon Islands$1,028$1,333$2,7802006-2012
Ivory Coast$987$1,358$5,4432006-2012
Timor Leste$970$1,147$3,7092006-2012
Zimbabwe$932$1,429$2,9612006-2012
Ethiopia$907$1,107$2,3192006-2012
Sao Tome and Principe$901$1,620$4,1452006-2012
Republic of the Congo$892$1,375$3,8352006-2012
Chad$880$1,182$1,6492006-2012
Papua New Guinea$876$1,162$4,5472006-2012
Kenya$874$1,197$4,5212006-2012
Senegal$844$1,137$3,5452006-2012
Guinea$843$1,036$2,6752006-2012
Nigeria$825$1,021$5,3622006-2012
Uganda$804$1,166$2,2842006-2012
South Sudan$793$1,121$1,2342006-2012
Sierra Leone$765$1,004$1,7942006-2012
Liberia$753$945$1,4912006-2012
Burkina Faso$748$1,002$2,2742006-2012
Niger$738$937$1,2782006-2012
Turkmenistan$706$963$15,2062006-2012
Tanzania$702$992$2,7702006-2012
Benin$699$989$3,4322006-2012
Mali$689$861$2,4242006-2012
Togo$683$964$1,6672006-2012
Angola$665$1,066$6,9652006-2012
Rwanda$621$925$2,3252006-2012
Uzbekistan$591$752$7,3082006-2012
Zambia$545$1,045$3,6242006-2012
Mozambique$529$947$1,3382006-2012
Central African Republic$491$891$9862006-2012
Malawi$484$733$1,1062006-2012
Burundi$475$640$7842006-2012
Madagascar$398$567$1,7192006-2012
DR Congo$395$548$1,1462006-2012
India-$1,314$6,9962006-2012
China-$4,246$16,8292006-2012
showing: 161 rows

Which country has highest median income?

As of March 2021, Luxembourg has the highest median income of 26,321 int$ per person.

Which country has lowest median income?

As of March 2021, the Democratic Republic of Congo had the lowest median income of 395 int$ per person.

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