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Countries in the UN / Countries in the United Nations 2024

Formed by the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, and China in the aftermath of World War II, the United Nations is the largest and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. The UN Charter was first signed on June 26, 1945, and entered into effect on October 24, 1945. A total of 51 member countries attended the UN General Assembly's first meeting, which took place in London, England on January 10, 1946. As of 2023, the UN includes 193 member states and two non-member observer states (full list below). Few sovereign territories exist that are not members of the United Nations.

What is the purpose of the United Nations?

The United Nations charter establishes four main goals for the organization:

  1. To maintain international peace and security (primarily through peaceful diplomatic means).
  1. To develop friendly relations among nations, granting equal rights to all and working to strengthen global peace.
  2. To create a forum which leverages international cooperation to solve economic, social, cultural, and humanitarian challenges and promote human rights and fundamental freedoms for all.
  3. To be a hub and catalyst that harmonizes the actions of its member nations to achieve the organization's stated goals of peace and security.

Structure of the United Nations

The UN is made up of six main organs, five of which are active:

  • The General Assembly — Roles include handling the budget and admitting new members.
  • The Secretariat — Offers administrative support to the other bodies.
  • The Security Council — Responsible for maintaining international peace and security.
  • The International Court of Justice — Gives legal opinions and settles disputes.
  • The Economic and Security Council — Handles cooperation between states in economic and social matters.

The remaining organ, the Trusteeship Council, technically still exists but has been inactive since 1994. The Trusteeship Council's role was to oversee and mentor non-sovereign "trustee" territories. The last trustee (Palau) obtained its sovereignty in 1994. Its purpose fulfilled, the council's operations were suspended. However, it has never been officially disbanded.

The UN also includes several specialized agencies which help the organization fulfill its duties and goals. These agencies include the World Health Organization, which performs vaccinations, and the World Food Programme, which helps overcome famine and prevent malnutrition around the world.

Non-member observer status was awarded to Palestine on 29 November 2012 and to Vatican City on 6 April 1964.

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Country
Status
Date of UN admission
AfghanistanMemberNovember 19, 1946
AlbaniaMemberDecember 14, 1955
AlgeriaMemberOctober 8, 1962
AndorraMemberJuly 28, 1993
AngolaMemberDecember 1, 1976
Antigua and BarbudaMemberNovember 11, 1981
ArgentinaMemberOctober 24, 1945
ArmeniaMemberMarch 2, 1992
AustraliaMemberNovember 1, 1945
AustriaMemberDecember 14, 1955
AzerbaijanMemberMarch 2, 1992
BahamasMemberSeptember 18, 1973
BahrainMemberSeptember 21, 1971
BangladeshMemberSeptember 17, 1974
BarbadosMemberDecember 9, 1966
BelarusMemberOctober 24, 1945
BelgiumMemberDecember 27, 1945
BelizeMemberSeptember 25, 1981
BeninMemberSeptember 20, 1960
BhutanMemberSeptember 21, 1971
BoliviaMemberNovember 14, 1945
Bosnia and HerzegovinaMemberMay 22, 1992
BotswanaMemberOctober 17, 1966
BrazilMemberOctober 24, 1945
BruneiMemberSeptember 21, 1984
BulgariaMemberDecember 14, 1955
Burkina FasoMemberSeptember 20, 1960
BurundiMemberSeptember 18, 1962
CambodiaMemberDecember 14, 1955
CameroonMemberSeptember 20, 1960
CanadaMemberNovember 9, 1945
Cape VerdeMemberSeptember 16, 1975
Central African RepublicMemberSeptember 20, 1960
ChadMemberSeptember 20, 1960
ChileMemberOctober 24, 1945
ChinaMemberOctober 24, 1945
ColombiaMemberMay 11, 1945
ComorosMemberNovember 12, 1975
Costa RicaMemberFebruary 11, 1945
CroatiaMemberMay 22, 1992
CubaMemberOctober 24, 1945
CyprusMemberSeptember 20, 1960
Czech RepublicMemberJanuary 19, 1993
DenmarkMemberOctober 24, 1945
DjiboutiMemberSeptember 20, 1977
DominicaMemberDecember 18, 1978
Dominican RepublicMemberOctober 24, 1945
DR CongoMemberSeptember 20, 1960
EcuadorMemberDecember 21, 1945
EgyptMemberOctober 24, 1945
El SalvadorMemberOctober 24, 1945
Equatorial GuineaMemberNovember 12, 1968
EritreaMemberMay 28, 1993
EstoniaMemberSeptember 17, 1991
EswatiniMemberSeptember 24, 1968
EthiopiaMemberNovember 13, 1945
FijiMemberOctober 13, 1970
FinlandMemberDecember 14, 1955
FranceMemberOctober 24, 1945
GabonMemberSeptember 20, 1960
GambiaMemberSeptember 21, 1965
GeorgiaMemberJuly 31, 1992
GermanyMemberSeptember 18, 1973
GhanaMemberMarch 8, 1957
GreeceMemberOctober 25, 1945
GrenadaMemberSeptember 17, 1974
GuatemalaMemberNovember 21, 1945
GuineaMemberDecember 12, 1958
Guinea BissauMemberSeptember 17, 1974
GuyanaMemberSeptember 20, 1966
HaitiMemberOctober 24, 1945
HondurasMemberDecember 17, 1945
HungaryMemberDecember 14, 1955
IcelandMemberNovember 19, 1946
IndiaMemberOctober 30, 1945
IndonesiaMemberSeptember 28, 1950
IranMemberOctober 24, 1945
IraqMemberDecember 21, 1945
IrelandMemberDecember 14, 1955
IsraelMemberMay 11, 1949
ItalyMemberDecember 14, 1955
Ivory CoastMemberSeptember 20, 1960
JamaicaMemberSeptember 18, 1962
JapanMemberDecember 18, 1956
JordanMemberDecember 14, 1955
KazakhstanMemberMarch 2, 1992
KenyaMemberDecember 16, 1963
KiribatiMemberSeptember 14, 1999
KuwaitMemberMay 14, 1963
KyrgyzstanMemberMarch 2, 1992
LaosMemberDecember 14, 1955
LatviaMemberSeptember 17, 1991
LebanonMemberOctober 24, 1945
LesothoMemberOctober 17, 1966
LiberiaMemberNovember 2, 1945
LibyaMemberDecember 14, 1955
LiechtensteinMemberSeptember 18, 1990
LithuaniaMemberSeptember 17, 1991
LuxembourgMemberOctober 24, 1945
MadagascarMemberSeptember 20, 1960
MalawiMemberDecember 1, 1964
MalaysiaMemberSeptember 17, 1957
MaldivesMemberSeptember 21, 1965
MaliMemberSeptember 28, 1960
MaltaMemberDecember 1, 1964
Marshall IslandsMemberSeptember 17, 1991
MauritaniaMemberOctober 27, 1961
MauritiusMemberApril 24, 1968
MexicoMemberNovember 7, 1945
MicronesiaMemberSeptember 17, 1991
MoldovaMemberMarch 2, 1992
MonacoMemberMay 28, 1993
MongoliaMemberOctober 27, 1961
MontenegroMemberJune 28, 2006
MoroccoMemberNovember 12, 1956
MozambiqueMemberSeptember 16, 1975
MyanmarMemberApril 19, 1948
NamibiaMemberApril 23, 1990
NauruMemberSeptember 14, 1999
NepalMemberDecember 14, 1955
NetherlandsMemberDecember 10, 1945
New ZealandMemberOctober 24, 1945
NicaraguaMemberOctober 24, 1945
NigerMemberSeptember 20, 1960
NigeriaMemberOctober 7, 1960
North KoreaMemberSeptember 17, 1991
North MacedoniaMemberApril 8, 1993
NorwayMemberNovember 27, 1945
OmanMemberOctober 7, 1971
PakistanMemberSeptember 30, 1947
PalauMemberDecember 15, 1994
PalestineNon-Member Observer
PanamaMemberNovember 13, 1945
Papua New GuineaMemberOctober 10, 1975
ParaguayMemberOctober 24, 1945
PeruMemberOctober 31, 1945
PhilippinesMemberOctober 24, 1945
PolandMemberOctober 24, 1945
PortugalMemberDecember 14, 1955
QatarMemberSeptember 21, 1971
Republic of the CongoMemberSeptember 20, 1960
RomaniaMemberDecember 14, 1955
RussiaMemberOctober 24, 1945
RwandaMemberSeptember 18, 1962
Saint Kitts and NevisMemberSeptember 23, 1983
Saint LuciaMemberSeptember 18, 1979
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesMemberSeptember 16, 1980
SamoaMemberDecember 15, 1976
San MarinoMemberMarch 2, 1992
Sao Tome and PrincipeMemberSeptember 16, 1975
Saudi ArabiaMemberOctober 24, 1945
SenegalMemberSeptember 28, 1960
SerbiaMemberJanuary 11, 2000
SeychellesMemberSeptember 21, 1976
Sierra LeoneMemberSeptember 27, 1961
SingaporeMemberSeptember 21, 1965
SlovakiaMemberJanuary 19, 1993
SloveniaMemberMay 22, 1992
Solomon IslandsMemberSeptember 19, 1978
SomaliaMemberSeptember 20, 1960
South AfricaMemberNovember 7, 1945
South KoreaMemberSeptember 17, 1991
South SudanMemberJuly 14, 2011
SpainMemberDecember 14, 1955
Sri LankaMemberDecember 14, 1955
SudanMemberNovember 12, 1956
SurinameMemberDecember 4, 1975
SwedenMemberNovember 19, 1946
SwitzerlandMemberSeptember 10, 2002
SyriaMemberOctober 24, 1945
TajikistanMemberMarch 2, 1992
TanzaniaMemberDecember 14, 1961
ThailandMemberDecember 15, 1946
Timor LesteMemberSeptember 27, 2002
TogoMemberSeptember 20, 1960
TongaMemberSeptember 14, 1999
Trinidad and TobagoMemberSeptember 18, 1962
TunisiaMemberNovember 12, 1956
TurkeyMemberOctober 24, 1945
TurkmenistanMemberMarch 2, 1992
TuvaluMemberSeptember 5, 2000
UgandaMemberOctober 25, 1962
UkraineMemberOctober 24, 1945
United Arab EmiratesMemberSeptember 12, 1971
United KingdomMemberOctober 24, 1945
United StatesMemberOctober 24, 1945
UruguayMemberDecember 18, 1945
UzbekistanMemberMarch 2, 1992
VanuatuMemberSeptember 15, 1981
Vatican CityNon-Member Observer
VenezuelaMemberNovember 15, 1945
VietnamMemberSeptember 20, 1977
YemenMemberSeptember 30, 1947
ZambiaMemberJanuary 12, 1964
ZimbabweMemberAugust 25, 1980
showing: 195 rows

How many countries are in the United Nations?

Today, there are 193 member states in the United Nations and 2 non-member observer states.

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