Std Rates By Country 2020
An STD, or sexually transmitted disease, is an infection transmitted through sexual activity caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. STDs are also known as STIs or sexually transmitted infections. STDs are passed from one person to another through sexual activity including vaginal, oral, and anal sex.
STDs can be asymptomatic or show very few symptoms, so it is possible to have an STD and no know it. Fortunately, all STDs can be treated with medicine and some can be completely cured. The best way to deal with STDs, however, is to use protection when engaging in sexual activity and to get tested regularly.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) and the World Health Organization. The most common type of STD in the United States and around the world is Human Papillomavirus (HPV) with more than 600 million cases worldwide and 20 million in the United States. Almost every sexually active person catches it at some point in his or her life. Some types of HPV have few to no symptoms while others can lead to complications such as genital warts and cervical cancer. HPV is preventable for both men and women through vaccination. Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis are all common STDs around the world.
STD rates are different all around the world and have seen an increase over the years. The reasons for this drug use, poverty, stigma, use of condoms, and access to sexual health education.
STD rates are more difficult to determine in underdeveloped or developing countries because of the lack of access to health care and, therefore, lack of STD testing. In developed countries, however, STD testing is done regularly and provides the most accurate data. The ten developed countries with the highest STD rates are:
- United States
- United Kingdom
- New Zealand
The United States has the highest STD rates in the developed world. The United States has the highest gonorrhea rate of 124 per 100,000 people and the third-highest rate for chlamydia of 479 per 100,000 people. STD rates are increasing in the United States for many reasons, including decreased condom use amongst vulnerable groups such as young people and gay and bisexual men. Additionally, state and local programs have experienced budget cuts, resulting in clinic closures, decreased screenings and care, and reduced patient follow-up.
Singapore is ranked third overall for the highest STD rates and has the highest rate of syphilis per 100,000 people of 30.39. Singapore’s high rank is perhaps because the government did not initially take the steps to educate the population of STDs and prevention, or because it is mandatory to report results for STD tests. This law is not common around the world and is only found in a few countries.
Education of safe sex practices, practicing safe sex, and getting tested regularly are all recommended by the CDC to prevent the spread and rise of STDs.