Smallest Countries In The World 2021

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The smallest countries in the world are those that have the least amount of square miles within the official boundaries of the country. In order of smallest to less small, here are the top fifty smallest countries on Earth. Bear in mind that the list begins with the smallest country, the Vatican City, and ends with the fiftieth smallest country around the world.

The Vatican City

Vatican City is a country that receives a lot of misinformation in casual conversations. If you take the capital of the United States and compare it to the Vatican City, you can come to understand the ways by which Vatican City is not automatically considered a country. See, the capital city of the United States of America is Washington D.C. The District of Columbia is not a separate state, but rather, D.C. is federal district.

So, when it comes to defining Vatican City, a similar title comes into play, and the Vatican is not always recognized by its official status as a country. Instead, the Vatican is thought of as being a city, which is a misunderstanding rooted in the fact that the country’s name contains the word city in it. But try not to let the common misconception about the Vatican convince you otherwise because Vatican City is, in fact, a country. It also just so happens to be the smallest country in the entire world, too.

Vatican City is a country that encompasses less than one square mile in all. This fact is a contributing factor to the inaccurate assumptions so often made about Vatican City. With a total area of approximately zero point seventeen square miles of land, the Vatican City not only has the absolute smallest total area, but the population density of the Vatican City is also tremendously shocking.

By taking the population of this country and dividing it by the sum of square miles within the country’s borders, we can figure out just how many people there are in relation to the amount of land. The. population size of Vatican City is currently estimated to be around one thousand people, which means that all one thousand people who reside in Vatican City are faced with the reality of squeezing into less than a third of a mile’s worth of land.


Monaco is a country that lies along the coast of the ever so beautiful French Riviera. As a destination country for people with more money than they know what to do with, Monaco is full of partying, gambling, spending, and lounging galore. Located very near to France and positioned along the shore of the Mediterranean Sea, Monaco is the second smallest country in the whole world. The country of Monaco is only zero point seventy-eight square miles in size, which is hard to believe given the consistent tourist activities and bustling adventures. Despite the very small physical dimensions of Monaco, the European country remains a favorite among those with money to spare.


The lesser known island of Nauru is a country all on its own, which is a surprising truth when you consider just how small this island country actually is. Geographically near Australia and in the Pacific Ocean, Nauru is part of the Australian continent despite not being connected to the mainland of Australia. Nauru is a country made up of just eight point one square miles, making it not only the third smallest country around the globe but also the smallest island country of all that exist.


With a total area of roughly ten square miles, the island country of Tuvalu is also off the shore of Australia. Unlike Nauru, Tuvalu does not have a profitable tourism industry because of the fact that the island is semi-remote. People do not often seek out Tuvalu as a destination island country, but even so, about ten thousand people live and work on the Australian island of Tuvalu.

San Marino

As the fifth smallest country in the world, San Marino is made up of twenty-four square miles.


The total area of Liechtenstein is fifty-two square miles, and this total area value places Liechtenstein as the sixth smallest country around the globe.

The Marshall Islands

Only seventy square miles make up the Marshall Islands. As a result, this island country is the seventh smallest country on Earth.

Saint Kitts and Nevis

The eighth smallest country in the world is Saint Kitts and Nevis, which is an island nation of one hundred and one square miles in total.

The Maldives

The Maldives is a European island nation that encompasses roughly one hundred fifteen square miles in all. The Maldives has the ninth smallest total area of all countries in the world.


Known as the Republic of Malta, this country is actually an island country, technically speaking. See, Malta is made up of three major islands that cumulatively are referred to as Malta. The three islands, in no particular order, are Comino, Malta, and Gozo. As confusing as it might sound for one of the islands to have the same name as the collective country, there is no greater importance imparted onto the island of Malta. All three islands are equal players in the Republic of Malta.

As the tenth smallest country in the world, Malta only takes up one hundred twelve square miles across the three islands combined. The islands are beautiful places to visit and spend your vacations, but if you plan to move to the Republic of Malta any time soon, you might want to first decide if a country of such small proportions is well-suited for long-term living.

To put the size of Malta into a more realistic perspective, think about the fact that the Republic of Malta has a population of 433,070 people to date. For every square mile of inhabitable land in Malta, there are approximately 3,507 people. That's more than three-and-a-half thousand people per square mile of a country, which is not as crowded as the previous nine countries, but nonetheless, this is not a comfortable nor spacious person-to-square-mileage ratio.

Smallest Countries In The World 2021

Country Area 2021 Population
Vatican City1 km²800
Monaco2 km²39,511
Nauru21 km²10,876
Tuvalu26 km²11,931
San Marino61 km²34,017
Liechtenstein160 km²38,250
Marshall Islands181 km²59,610
Saint Kitts And Nevis261 km²53,544
Maldives300 km²543,617
Malta316 km²442,784
Grenada344 km²113,021
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines389 km²111,263
Barbados430 km²287,711
Antigua And Barbuda442 km²98,731
Seychelles452 km²98,908
Palau459 km²18,169
Andorra468 km²77,355
Saint Lucia616 km²184,400
Micronesia702 km²116,254
Singapore710 km²5,896,686
Tonga747 km²106,760
Dominica751 km²72,167
Bahrain765 km²1,748,296
Kiribati811 km²121,392
Sao Tome And Principe964 km²223,368
Comoros1,862 km²888,451
Mauritius2,040 km²1,273,433
Luxembourg2,586 km²634,814
Samoa2,842 km²200,149
Cape Verde4,033 km²561,898
Trinidad And Tobago5,130 km²1,403,375
Brunei5,765 km²441,532
Cyprus9,251 km²1,215,584
Lebanon10,452 km²6,769,146
Gambia10,689 km²2,486,945
Jamaica10,991 km²2,973,463
Qatar11,586 km²2,930,528
Vanuatu12,189 km²314,464
Montenegro13,812 km²628,053
Bahamas13,943 km²396,913
Timor Leste14,874 km²1,343,873
Eswatini17,364 km²1,172,362
Kuwait17,818 km²4,328,550
Fiji18,272 km²902,906
Slovenia20,273 km²2,078,724
Israel20,770 km²8,789,774
El Salvador21,041 km²6,518,499
Belize22,966 km²404,914
Djibouti23,200 km²1,002,187

Smallest Countries In The World 2021